The 24th European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 7-11 October 2015. It has become Europe's biggest meeting of its kind with roughly 10,000 participants, approximately 3000 abstracts and about 180 exhibitors from all over the world. The organizers offer a venue for the latest cutting edge research and newest developments. Thus, their goal is to foster progress in clinical care and promote scientific excellence related to dermatovenereology for the benefit of patients with skin diseases.
Of the 127 medical schools in the United States and Canada surveyed, 69 had no hospital- or health department-based sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic available for teaching, 87 offered no clinical training to students, and 96 offered no hours to residents. In the United States, even when training was offered, only 30% of students and 45% of residents participated, receiving an average of six and 12 hours of instruction, respectively. Instruction in venereology in US medical schools seems to have declined in the last 15 years, despite a sharply rising incidence and the enlarging spectrum of STDs. The National Conference of Preventing Disease-Promoting Health has recommended that, by 1990, all medical schools establish a clinical affiliation with public or private STD treatment facilities so that all medical students and physicians in training will receive a minimum of 20 hours of supervised clinical experience. This study underscores the appropriateness and urgency of that recommendation.
BACKGROUND: Most of the many computer resources used in clinical teaching of dermatology and venereology for medical undergraduates are information-oriented and focus mostly on finding a "correct" multiple-choice alternative or free-text answer. We wanted to create an interactive computer program, which facilitates not only factual recall but also clinical reasoning. METHODS: Through continuous interaction with students, a new computerised interactive case simulation system, NUDOV, was developed. It is based on authentic cases and contains images of real patients, actors and healthcare providers. The student selects a patient and proposes questions for medical history, examines the skin, and suggests investigations, diagnosis, differential diagnoses and further management. Feedback is given by comparing the user's own suggestions with those of a specialist. In addition, a log file of the student's actions is recorded. The program includes a large number of images, video clips and Internet links. It was evaluated with a student questionnaire and by randomising medical students to conventional teaching (n = 85) or conventional teaching plus NUDOV (n = 31) and comparing the results of the two groups in a final written examination. RESULTS: The questionnaire showed that 90% of the NUDOV students stated that the program facilitated their learning to a large/very large extent, and 71% reported that extensive working with authentic computerised cases made it easier to understand and learn about diseases and their management. The layout, user-friendliness and feedback concept were judged as good/very good by 87%, 97%, and 100%, respectively. Log files revealed that the students, in general, worked with each case for 60-90 min. However, the intervention group did not score significantly better than the control group in the written examination. CONCLUSION: We created a computerised case simulation program allowing students to manage patients in a non-linear format supporting the clinical reasoning process. The student gets feedback through comparison with a specialist, eliminating the need for external scoring or correction. The model also permits discussion of case processing, since all transactions are stored in a log file. The program was highly appreciated by the students, but did not significantly improve their performance in the written final examination.
OBJECTIVES--To determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in patients, male and female, attending a clinic for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). DESIGN--A randomly selected group of patients representative of the population studied and first-time visitors to the STD clinic, were asked to participate in the study. Samples from the skin and mucous membranes of the lower genital region were taken for cytological analysis by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for HPV DNA. The patients then underwent colposcopy or peniscopy after acetic acid application. SETTING--Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. SUBJECTS--A total of 131 patients, 66 women and 65 men, attending the clinic for various reasons. RESULTS--At colposcopy/peniscopy, 18 patients (10 men and 8 women) had lesions typical of, and 24 (12 men and 12 women) suspicious of HPV infection. With the PCR technique HPV DNA was detected in 72% of the patients with typical lesions and in 54% of those with suspicious lesions. CONCLUSION--Nearly one-third or 30.5% of these randomly selected patients in a Swedish STD clinic were infected by HPV. The diagnosis was made by clinical inspection and/or by HPV DNA analysis with PCR.
Syphilis became a problem at the beginning of the eighteenth century when a virulent microbe was brought to Norway. This new disease was called "radesyken", a Nordic name for "the wicked disease". "Rade" hospitals were built and this was the beginning of the Norwegian hospital system. Professor Caesar Boeck refused to use mercury in the treatment of syphilis; 2000 of his patients were included in the Oslo study of untreated syphilis. With the use of penicillin and other antibiotics, syphilis and gonorrhoea decreased. More frequent now are the viral diseases, herpes genitalis and condylomata acuminata. HIV is seldom found in the STD clinic in Oslo: only 5-6 HIV-positive persons per year; that is, about 0.09% of all new patients.