STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in hysterectomy technique. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification XXX). SETTING: University tertiary referring center in Norway. PATIENTS: A total of 1963 women treated with hysterectomy over a 5-year period in Oslo. INTERVENTIONS: The operative records and techniques were investigated in all treated patients. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 1963 hysterectomies were performed from 2001 through 2005. The operative patient records were investigated with the main focus on indication for surgery and the technique used in the operative procedure. In 2001, 62 (17.7%) laparoscopic hysterectomies were performed, while 256 (73.1%) of the hysterectomies were done with laparotomy. The operative technique has gradually changed during the last 5 years. In 2005, 220 (53.5%) of the surgical procedures were laparoscopic, 177 (43.1%) were done by laparotomy, while the vaginal approach in all these years was less than 10%. CONCLUSION: From 2001 to 2005, a trend shift of the operative technique has been observed in Oslo, increasing the endoscopic hysterectomy rate from approximately 18% to 54%. During the same time, enlarged uteri with myomas equivalent to 10 to 12 weeks' gestation and endometrial cancer were more often treated by laparoscopic hysterectomy instead of open abdominal hysterectomy. With modern equipment and trained staff, more routine hysterectomies can be managed with laparoscopy.
A total of 678 women were interviewed about symptoms before as well as advantages and disadvantages after abdominal hysterectomy. Medical complications, side effects, days of hospitalization and some possible differences between supravaginal hysterectomy (SVH) and total hysterectomy (TH) were also investigated. TH had been performed in 79% and SVH in 21% of the women. Leiomyoma was the most frequent diagnosis (79%). Heavy menstrual bleeding and dysmenorrhea were the dominant symptoms before surgery. After the operation, 71% of the women had no subjective gynecological complaints. Relief from heavy bleeding and pain was considered the major advantage and as many as 29% of the women experienced no disadvantage at all with the operation. Regarding sexual life, 39% experienced intercourse as much improved or better and 40% as unchanged. An intraabdominal abscess was more often found postoperatively in patients operated with TH than with SVH but with this exception no objective finding favoured one method more than the other. When new, alternative treatments such as endometrial ablation and GnRH analogues are introduced and promoted they should be subjected to careful evaluation and compared with the therapeutic efficacy of hysterectomy.
AIMS: To survey Danish gynecologists' recommendations concerning hysterectomy and its method for benign diseases. METHODS: A questionnaire of seven clinical cases was sent to all gynecologists in Denmark (n = 450). The gynecologists were asked to recommend one of 14 possible treatments as the most appropriate for each case. In cases of hysterectomy the gynecologists were asked to rate the appropriateness of oophorectomy. Questions about age, employment, geographic area, sex of the gynecologist and preference of the hysterectomy method for themselves/their wives were included. RESULTS. THE RESPONSE RATE WAS: 73%. For women aged > or = 50 years meno-metrorrhagia and symptomatic fibroids seemed to be important for hysterectomy recommendations, and for those aged
In 1972 the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Saskatchewan appointed a committee to study hysterectomies because the Saskatchewan Department of Health had data showing that the annual number of hysterectomies carried out in the province had increased by 72.1 per cent between 1964 and 1971, whereas the number of women over 15 years of age had increased by 7.6 per cent. The committee compiled a list of indications for hysterectomy. Any hysterectomy carried out for one of these reasons was classified as justified, and the remainder as unjustified. Five hospitals were reviewed in 1970 and a further two in 1973. In 1974, all seven hospitals were reviewed again. In these hospitals, the average proportion of unjustified hysterectomies had dropped from 23.7 per cent at the time of the first review to 7.8 per cent in 1974. The total number of hysterectomies in the province dropped by 32.8 per cent between 1970 and 1974.
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the incidence of "standard" hysterectomy in Denmark, including surgical route, postoperative hospitalisation, morbidity, mortality, and readmission rate within 30 days. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analysed data from the Danish National Patient Register over a two-year period (1998-2000) on hysterectomies for benign indications, carcinoma in situ cervicis uteri, and cancer corporis uteri stage 1. A stratified sample of 821 discharge résumés was reviewed for detection of complications. RESULTS: Over the two-year period, 10,171 women had "standard" hysterectomies followed by a median postoperative hospitalisation of four days. In departments performing more than 100 operations per year, the median hospital stay varied from three to 5.5 days. Eighty per cent of the hysterectomies were abdominal, 6% laparoscopically assisted, and 14% vaginal with marked regional variation in the choice of surgical approach. The number of vaginal hysterectomies varied from 0 to 67% in departments with a surgical activity of more than 100 per year. Eight per cent were readmitted within 30 days of the operation and the mortality rate was 0.6@1000. Extrapolation from the random sample to the entire population gives an estimated complication rate of a minimum of 18%. DISCUSSION: "Standard" hysterectomy in Denmark is associated with considerable morbidity and marked regional variation in the choice of surgical approach. The present study emphasises the need for a national hysterectomy database with the possibility of evaluating surgical activity, reducing morbidity rates, and developing homogeneous guidelines.
Comment In: Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Nov 11;164(46):5404-5; author reply 540512469392
Laparoscopic hysterectomy is now being performed in our department in cases where no malignancy is suspected. This study presents the first 10 cases. Indications for hysterectomy were myomas, meno- and metrorrhagia resistant to medical and hysteroscopic treatment, and patients with pain and suspicion of having adenomyosis. No complications have been encountered during the laparoscopic operations, but one patient had a second laparoscopy on the first postoperative day due to postoperative bleeding. Another patient had a postoperative infection leading to a compression of the ureter. This report demonstrates that laparoscopic hysterectomy is a valuable addition to the new procedures in 'minimal invasive surgery', but only after long and appropriate training.