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40 records – page 1 of 4.

[A new system of specialized gastroenterological care to patients with inflammatory bowel diseases in St. Petersburg].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature114067
Source
Ter Arkh. 2013;85(2):17-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
A Iu Baranovskii
É A Kondrashina
A M Segal'
Source
Ter Arkh. 2013;85(2):17-20
Date
2013
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Colitis, Ulcerative - diagnosis - therapy
Crohn Disease - diagnosis - therapy
Early Diagnosis
Hospitals, Special - organization & administration - standards
Humans
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - diagnosis - therapy
Russia
Severity of Illness Index
Time Factors
Urban Health - standards
Abstract
To substantiate the effectiveness of the set-up center in the early detection of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and in its organization and implementation of current therapeutic programs.
The therapeutic activity of the specialized medical care system set up in St. Petersburg for patients with IBD (ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD)), which is based on a multifunctional inflammatory bowel disease center at City Clinical Hospital Thirty-One, was analyzed.
The effective work of the center could reduce time for verification of the diagnosis of UC from 6.4 +/- 1.4 to 3.6 +/- 0.8 months and CD from 28.6 +/- 6.7 to 15.3 +/- 4.2 months, respectively; decline the annual number of patients with moderate and severe UC from 73.4 to 53.6 and CD from 66.7 to 47%, and also set up a centralized system for all required types of current therapeutic and diagnostic care for these patients.
The establishment of the St. Petersburg Center for the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases could develop and realize in practice a new closed-loop urban system for the early detection and notification of IBD patients, the organization and rendering of individual effective therapeutic-and-prophylactic care.
PubMed ID
23653933 View in PubMed
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[Application of immuno-biochemical indices for the identification of the chronic pathology of the upper respiratory tract].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263378
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):124-7
Publication Type
Article
Author
L B Masnavieva
I V Kudaeva
N V Efimova
L A Budarina
I V Tikhonova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):124-7
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Air Pollutants - adverse effects - analysis
Chemotaxis, Leukocyte - drug effects
Chronic Disease
Environmental Illness - blood - chemically induced - epidemiology - immunology
Formaldehyde - pharmacology
Humans
Respiratory Tract Diseases - blood - epidemiology - etiology - immunology
Russia - epidemiology
Urban Health - standards - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
A comprehensive survey of organized children aged 14-17 years residing in the industrial centers with moderate and high levels of air pollution was performed. On the base of the examination of otorhinolaryngologist in the each of cities there was selected the group of schoolchildren with chronic pathology of the upper respiratory tract at the stage of remission. In these groups there was performed the assessment of the informativeness of immuno-biochemical indices for the identification of pathology caused by the impact of man-made factors. The most informative (relative content of autoantibodies to Ã?2-glycoprotein-1, the average individual immunoreactivity, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, level of a1-antitrypsin) were used in the mathematical model, on the based of which it was possible to calculate the diagnostic coefficient, allowing to identify in the groups observed by ourselves, chronic pathology of upper respiratory tract, formed under the influence of ambient air pollution. The above approach can be used in the formation groups for health promotion of children exposed to the negative impact.
PubMed ID
25831945 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the effect of environmental chemicals on the working population in mono-cities].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263384
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):74-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
S M Novikov
T N Unguryanu
Source
Gig Sanit. 2014 Sep-Oct;(5):74-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects - analysis
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Industry
Inhalation Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects - analysis
Paper
Risk assessment
Russia
Urban Health - standards
Workplace - standards
Abstract
There was made the characterization of the health risk for workers' of pulp and paper industry, under the simultaneous effects of chemicals in the residential and working area. The main adverse effect of chemicals that pollute the air and work environment is related with the impact on the respiratory system. Under the successive exposure (ambient air--air in the workplace) in the adult population working at the Arkhangelsk Pulp and Paper Mill, the risk of occurrence of respiratory diseases (HI = 18.5) and individual carcinogenic risk (CR = 9.7 x 10(-3)) have been rated as high and constitute 86-99% of the total risk.
PubMed ID
25831935 View in PubMed
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[Economic evaluation of aerogenic carcinogenic risk in the population of an industrial town].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187389
Source
Gig Sanit. 2002 Sep-Oct;(5):80-1
Publication Type
Article

[Evaluation of medical services in public health institutions in experimental setting].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature103673
Source
Sov Zdravookhr. 1990;(12):11-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
1990
Author
M A Tatarnikov
E A Kuleshov
V Iu Semenov
V F Taraskin
Source
Sov Zdravookhr. 1990;(12):11-4
Date
1990
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Community Health Centers - organization & administration - standards
Consumer Satisfaction
Delivery of Health Care - organization & administration - standards
Female
Humans
Male
Public Health Administration - standards
Questionnaires
Russia
Urban Health - standards
Abstract
The paper provides an analysis of the results of a socio-hygienic survey of 2099 residents of Leningrad and Novokuznetsk of Kemerovo Region on the state of public health in the course of a comprehensive economic experiment on the introduction of new economic methods of management. Only 5.6 percent of respondents defined the state of public health as good, 54.1 percent as satisfactory and 40.3 percent as poor. Negative attitude to public health is explained by low level of medical care and poor organization of health care delivery and not by introduction of a new economic mechanism. The majority of respondents (33.4%) believe that their health status to a large degree depends on the system of public health rather than on their efforts to keep healthy lifestyle.
PubMed ID
2150716 View in PubMed
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[Experience in improving the information support of ambulatory polyclinical care for the adult population of Novokuznetsk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature247888
Source
Zdravookhr Ross Fed. 1979;(5):23-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
1979

[Guidelines for the assessment of regional factors of the urban populations' exposure]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature84973
Source
Gig Sanit. 2007 Sep-Oct;(5):20-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
Shashina T A
Novikov S M
Matsiuk A V
Lando N G
Source
Gig Sanit. 2007 Sep-Oct;(5):20-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Environmental Health - organization & administration
Guidelines as Topic
Humans
Risk Assessment - standards
Risk factors
Russia
Urban Health - standards
Urban Population
Abstract
The paper presents guidelines for assessing regional exposure factors (EFs) according to the results of a questionnaire survey of about two thousand persons, including urban workers and/or adult students of the Central Federal District (CFD) and Siberian Federal District (SFD) of Russia. It has been ascertained that in CFD, annual exposure (324 days/year) is less than the standard value defaulted in Guidelines P 2.1.10.1920-04 (350 days/year), which causes a reduction in the chronic average daily dose. Town-dwellers spend the bulk of a day indoors (86 and 87% in CFD and SFD, respectively); 8 and 3% of a day on transport in CFD and SFD, and 7 and 10% indoors in these districts. The findings are in agreement with the data obtained by Russian and foreign investigators and suggest that the daily distribution of a microenvironmental load should be taken into account when health exposures and risks are estimated. The average daily tap water consumption in CFD (2.2 l/day) and SFD (1.7 l/day) is close to 90% percentile of the values recommended by the U.S. EPA (2.4 l/day) and the WHO or less than the value used in the calculation of the Russian maximum permissible concentrations for water (3.0 l/day). The time spent on water procedures by town-dwellers is 36.4 min/day in CFD and 37.6 min/day in SFD (while 29.2 min/day in rural dwellers in SFD) with the standard value of 30 min/day. The findings suggest that the use of the regional values of water-associated EFs increases the chronic average daily dose and therefore a risk upon oral, dermal, and inhalational exposure. The regional features of FEs have been kept in mind on assessing the risk upon multienvironmental exposures to the characteristic components of emission caused by aluminum works in CFD.
PubMed ID
18062010 View in PubMed
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[Health status of young children from industrial cities].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature229982
Source
Gig Sanit. 1989 Nov;(11):9-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1989
Author
A V Khamadullina
F G Murzakaev
Source
Gig Sanit. 1989 Nov;(11):9-11
Date
Nov-1989
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants - toxicity
Bashkiria
Chemical Industry
Child, Preschool
Health status
Humans
Hydrocarbons - toxicity
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Morbidity
Urban Health - standards
Vehicle Emissions - toxicity
Abstract
Health status of infants in an average city with petroleum refining industry is worse in comparison with that of infants living in a city with automobile industry. Unfavorable impact of air polluted by petroleum enterprises on the functional state of the circulatory system, immunity, intracellular enzymes, degree of body resistance and morbidity rates has been established. The study results specify the necessity of further active environment-protective and other preventive measures in the primary health care system aimed at health promotion of infants, their rehabilitation following the disease under the conditions of average cities with the developed petroleum refining industry.
PubMed ID
2483145 View in PubMed
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Healthy cities and public health news.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104219
Source
CMAJ. 2014 Jul 8;186(10):E361-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-8-2014
Author
Lauren Vogel
Author Affiliation
CMAJ.
Source
CMAJ. 2014 Jul 8;186(10):E361-2
Date
Jul-8-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Health Policy
Health Promotion - organization & administration
Humans
Public Health Administration
Urban Health - standards
PubMed ID
24890110 View in PubMed
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40 records – page 1 of 4.