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[Clinical and immunological manifestations of tuberculosis concurrent with HIV infection in the Kemerovo Region].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162123
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2007;(6):59-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
E V Makasheva
O N Konopchuk
V Ia Aksenova
N I Ivanova
E R Chernykh
I F Kopylova
A D Safonov
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2007;(6):59-62
Date
2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antigens, CD4 - immunology
Biological Markers
Catchment Area (Health)
Chronic Disease
Comorbidity
HIV Infections - epidemiology
HLA-DR Antigens - immunology
HLA-DRB1 Chains
Humans
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology - immunology
Abstract
The clinical and immunological features of the course of pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) were studied in 418 patients with HIV infection. PT developed in the presence of HIV infection in 212 patients (Group 1), active PT was detected before HIV infection in 72 (Group 2), TB and HIV infection were concurrently diagnosed in 134 patients (Group 3). In the region, most patients with TB and HIV infection were found to have a moderately suppressed immune response. There was a high proportion of patients with disseminated TB in Groups 1 and 3 and those with chronic TB in Groups 2. In Groups 2 and 3, fibrocavernous PT was registered several times more frequently.
PubMed ID
17672064 View in PubMed
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[Role of familial and nonfamilial contacts in the incidence of childhood tuberculosis].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature163565
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2007;(3):12-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
S V Smerdin
I F Kopylova
I V Efimova
Source
Probl Tuberk Bolezn Legk. 2007;(3):12-4
Date
2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Catchment Area (Health)
Child
Humans
Incidence
Russia - epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology - genetics
Abstract
Statistics and data on 101 firstly detected children with active tuberculosis in Kemerovo were studied. In 2003 to 2005, there was a marked rise in tuberculosis morbidity among children in the Kemerovo Region, to the utmost in Kemerovo. During a tuberculosis epidemic, a nonfamilial contact mainly with overlooked bacterium-isolating adults plays a leading role in the incidence of tuberculosis. A negligible nonfamilial contact with the registered patients is also of no small importance. Ineffective vaccination increases morbidity rates, in infancy in particular. Timely detection of tuberculosis in adults is the basic way of reducing childhood morbidity.
PubMed ID
17500219 View in PubMed
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[Specific features of the pattern and clinical manifestations of respiratory tuberculosis in new cases under the present-day conditions]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature69532
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1997;(1):44-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1997
Author
T I Baiborodova
I F Kopylova
Author Affiliation
Medical Academy, Kemerovo.
Source
Probl Tuberk. 1997;(1):44-6
Date
1997
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
English Abstract
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Radiography, Thoracic
Retrospective Studies
Siberia - epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary - epidemiology - etiology - radiography
Abstract
The study of clinical and X-ray manifestations of the disease in 270 patients has shown that the incidence of disseminated tuberculosis with its acute onset and marked clinical manifestations has greatly increased. It is difficult to make a diagnosis of recently more frequent tuberculosis of the intrathoracic lymph nodes in adults due to acute clinical manifestations resulting from nonspecific inflammation with frequent abscessing at the site of atelectasis in lobar and segmental bronchopulmonary lesions, due to late detection of meagre bacterial isolation, to frequent involvement sites in 3, 4, and 5 segments. Acute generalized disseminated tuberculosis generally follows obscure clinical manifestations from extrapulmonary inflammation in 2-4 months. Acute miliary tuberculosis has frequently accompanied by bacterial isolation and frequently destructions.
PubMed ID
9162926 View in PubMed
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