A category of patients with tuberculosis concomitant with HIV infection, who were admitted for inpatient care to the infection department of Tuberculosis Clinical Hospital No. 7, Moscow, during 1996-2001, was analyzed. Peculiarities of the mentioned patients' category (205 subjects) were studied at the anti-TB facility. It was established that males (83.4%), aged 21-30 (48.9%), as well as unemployed (71%) prevailed. As much as 14% of them were homeless and 33% had a prison history. Drug-addiction (76%) and hepatitis C and B (77%) were found to be the key concomitant pathologies in them. HIV was primarily diagnosed at the anti-TB facility in 52% of patients, while tuberculosis had set on before HIV in 34.8% of patients. A major part of patients with tuberculosis concomitant with HIV, who were at the anti-TB facility, had early HIV stages. Specific features of the clinical course of tuberculosis were defined for patients with early HIV stages. It was established that tuberculosis concomitant with early HIV stages is deprived of any peculiarities except for the primary signs' stage, if it has the form of an acute infection. An exacerbation of the tuberculosis process, which quite often leads to its generalization and fatal outcome, can happen during the mentioned period due to a pronounced immunodeficiency.
The paper provides the data of analysis of antituberculous care to teenagers in Moscow and characterizes its problems. Emphasis is placed on the tense and unstable situation associated with the detection of the disease in this age group. In the bulk of adolescents, the disease is identifies when they come to see a doctor, including at somatic hospitals. Active tuberculosis detection techniques (tuberculin diagnosis and fluorography) fail to produce adequate effect mainly due to organizational problems (the bulk of teenagers are outside the organized collective bodies or the latter are frequently changed; the detection of tuberculosis in Moscow nonresidents or in whose who enter secondary specialized colleges claims attention). Age-related sociomedical risk factors, such as hormonal rearrangement, comorbidity, a negative attitude towards preventive medical measures, deviant behavior, social family, and dysadaption, are of importance for the development of tuberculosis. A sociomedical portrait of an adolescent with tuberculosis is given. Attention is drawn to the fact that on implementing antituberculous measures, it is a need for an interaction of a tuberculosis-controlling service with general care health network facilities, including those that deal with the problems of social diseases and educational establishments.
Over the recent 20 years the incidence of amyloidosis did not undergo any noticeable changes, accounting for 1.48% of the total number of autopsies in 1964-1968 and for 1.52% in 1984-1988 (P less than 0.5). The number of cases of the clinically unrecognized amyloidosis increased from 37.5% in the first period to 52.18% in the second one. In most cases amyloidosis affects the kidneys (94.9%), spleen (58.2%), liver (48%) and then, in the descending order, there follow adrenals, intestine, heart, pancreas and other organs (the total data for both the periods).