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64 records – page 1 of 7.

The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Denmark. A report from the Copenhagen study group of AIDS on the first 20 Danish patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature8796
Source
Acta Med Scand. 1985;217(2):213-24
Publication Type
Article
Date
1985
Author
J. Gerstoft
J O Nielsen
E. Dickmeiss
T. Rønne
P. Platz
L. Mathiesen
Source
Acta Med Scand. 1985;217(2):213-24
Date
1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - immunology - transmission
Adult
Africa, Central
Denmark
Homosexuality
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Travel
United States
Abstract
Twenty Danish patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) had been diagnosed by January 1984, 14 of them after 1982. Eighteen patients were male homosexuals, 8 of whom had visited the USA after 1979, 2 were heterosexual males with a history of sexual contacts in Central Africa, suggesting a transmission of AIDS from woman to man. AIDS has not been observed in drug abusers, hemophiliacs or transfused non-risk persons in Denmark. The clinical picture varied according to the presence of Kaposi sarcoma or the type of opportunistic infections, but was in general similar to that reported from the USA. Investigation of T-lymphocyte subsets revealed that the AIDS patients differed from controls and healthy homosexual men by having either a very low number of helper cells or a low helper/suppressor cell ratio. Functional immunological studies revealed a decreased natural killer cell activity and decreased blast transformation by mitogens. The survival two years after diagnosis was 16%.
PubMed ID
3993435 View in PubMed
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Acute diarrhoea in adults: aetiology, clinical appearance and therapeutic aspects.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73988
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1988;20(3):303-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
Author
B. Svanteson
A. Thorén
B. Castor
G. Barkenius
U. Bergdahl
B. Tufvesson
H B Hansson
R. Möllby
I. Juhlin
Author Affiliation
Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Lund, General Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1988;20(3):303-14
Date
1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Campylobacter - isolation & purification
Diarrhea - complications - microbiology - therapy
Feces - microbiology
Female
Fever - etiology
Fluid Therapy
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Seasons
Sweden
Time Factors
Travel
Urban health
Vomiting - etiology
Abstract
A prospective study of acute diarrhoea was performed during 15 months 1981/1982 and included 731 patients and 240 controls. 43% had been infected abroad. A cluster of travellers with bacterial pathogens was diagnosed in July-August. The following pathogens were found: Campylobacter (18%), enterotoxigenic E. coli (6%), Salmonella spp. (5%), rotavirus (4%), Yersinia enterocolitica (3%), Giardia lamblia (3%), Shigella spp. (2%), Clostridium difficile (2%), enteroviruses (2%) and Entamoeba histolytica (less than 1%). More than 90% of the bacterial or parasitic enteropathogens were detected in the first stool sample. Only 10% of the patients needed hospital treatment and for 97% oral fluids were sufficient. The median duration of diarrhoea was 9 days. No fatal cases occurred and only 2 cases of chronic bowel disease were detected.
PubMed ID
3406670 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1988 Jul 18;150(29):1809-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-18-1988
Author
L. de Neergaard
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1988 Jul 18;150(29):1809-11
Date
Jul-18-1988
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology - transmission
Denmark
Humans
Travel
PubMed ID
3420702 View in PubMed
Less detail

Amoebiasis in a non-endemic country. Epidemiology, presenting symptoms and diagnostic methods.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature40267
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1983;15(2):207-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
1983
Author
P O Pehrson
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1983;15(2):207-14
Date
1983
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Amebiasis - epidemiology
Carrier State - diagnosis - epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Diagnosis, Differential
Diarrhea - diagnosis - etiology
Entamoeba histolytica - isolation & purification
Entamoebiasis - diagnosis - epidemiology
Europe
Feces - parasitology
Female
Humans
Infant
Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic - diagnosis
Liver Abscess, Amebic - diagnosis
Male
Middle Aged
Parasite Egg Count - methods
Retrospective Studies
Sigmoidoscopy
Sweden
Travel
Abstract
392 patients with amoebiasis, diagnosed at Roslagstull Hospital, Stockholm during 10 yr, are reviewed. The disease is increasing in frequency, due both to increased travelling by Swedish citizens and immigration from non-European countries. The risk for an ordinary charter tourist is, however, rather low. Two-thirds of the patients were symptomatic and one-third were regarded as asymptomatic cyst carriers. The importance of repeated examination of stool samples and examinations using different techniques, especially direct microscopy of fresh faeces, is pointed out. The latter technique is in our laboratory shown to be as efficient in cases with no diarrhoea as in those with diarrhoea, with trophozoites demonstrated in the same frequency in both groups. Sigmoidoscopy with scrapings was seldom of diagnostic value.
PubMed ID
6308756 View in PubMed
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[Brucellosis as a tourist disease. Report of 2 cases with liver granuloma].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature244325
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1981 Jul 13;143(29):1843-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-13-1981

Campylobacter enteritis in 188 hospitalized patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242236
Source
Arch Intern Med. 1983 Feb;143(2):215-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1983
Author
T. Pitkänen
A. Pönkä
T. Pettersson
T U Kosunen
Source
Arch Intern Med. 1983 Feb;143(2):215-9
Date
Feb-1983
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Campylobacter Infections - complications - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Campylobacter fetus
Child
Child, Preschool
Enteritis - complications - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Erythromycin - therapeutic use
Female
Finland
Hospitalization
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Travel
Abstract
The clinical picture and epidemiologic characteristics of infection due to Campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni were studied in 188 patients hospitalized in Finland during a three-year period. All but two patients had diarrhea; 90% had abdominal pain, fever, and fatigue; half had vomiting and headache; one third experienced electrolyte disturbances; and one fifth of the patients had other complications, most commonly pancreatitis (6%) and arthritis (5%). All age groups were affected, most usually those who were 0 to 9 years old and 20 to 29 years old. The incidence of domestic cases increased during the summer months. With only three exceptions (1.3%), all jejuni strains were sensitive to erythromycin. Among Finns who visited ten popular tourist countries, the incidence of hospitalized C jejuni enteritis cases varied from 0 to 63 per 100,000 travelers.
PubMed ID
6824388 View in PubMed
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Changes in serotype and resistance pattern of the intestinal Escherichia coli flora during travel. Results from a trial of mecillinam as a prophylactic against travellers' diarrhoea.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature242552
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1983;15(4):367-73
Publication Type
Article
Date
1983
Author
J. Stenderup
I. Orskov
F. Orskov
Source
Scand J Infect Dis. 1983;15(4):367-73
Date
1983
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Amdinocillin - therapeutic use
Anti-Bacterial Agents - therapeutic use
Denmark
Diarrhea - prevention & control
Escherichia coli - drug effects - immunology
Female
Humans
Intestines - microbiology
Male
Middle Aged
Penicillanic Acid - therapeutic use
Penicillin resistance
Serotyping
Travel
Abstract
The changes in the intestinal Escherichia coli flora during travel has been studied by serological methods. A group of 74 tourists visiting Egypt and the Far East were given mecillinam or placebo in a randomized double-blind study. In all but 3 participants, 2 in the placebo group and 1 in the mecillinam group, a complete change in the E. coli flora occurred after a few days, and changes continued to occur during the 25 days of travel. The percentage of multiresistant strains rose from 8% in the pretravel samples to 50-60% in the posttravel samples. Less than 5% of the pretravel E. coli strains were resistant to mecillinam, whereas in the posttravel samples 42.9% of the E. coli strains in the mecillinam group and 19.1% in the placebo group were resistant to mecillinam. Of the 30 mecillinam resistant E. coli strains from the diarrhoeal samples only 6 showed transferable mecillinam resistance.
PubMed ID
6318304 View in PubMed
Less detail

The changing pattern of imported malaria.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature232750
Source
Can Dis Wkly Rep. 1988 Jul 30;14(30):133-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-30-1988

Chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria acquired in central Africa--Quebec.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature233192
Source
Can Dis Wkly Rep. 1988 Apr 23;14(16):65-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-23-1988

64 records – page 1 of 7.