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Economy of the Arctic "islands": the case of Nenets and Chukotka Autonomous Districts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296387
Source
This study has been partially supported by the grant “Economic and Environmental Aspects in the Development of Arctic Regions of the Russian Far East” (The Fundamental Research Program of the Presidium of RAS No. 44 P “Exploratory Fundamental Research in the Interests of Developing the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation”).
Publication Type
Article
Date
[2015]
infrastructure facilities in Chukotka are substantially decentralized and scattered across the regional and district centers. Keywords: Arctic economy, sector of the economy, traditional economy, landscape, natural asset, space, sustainable development, District structure, rent-based model, transfer-based
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Author
Pelyasov, A.N.
Galtseva, N.V.
Atamanova, E.A.
Source
This study has been partially supported by the grant “Economic and Environmental Aspects in the Development of Arctic Regions of the Russian Far East” (The Fundamental Research Program of the Presidium of RAS No. 44 P “Exploratory Fundamental Research in the Interests of Developing the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation”).
Date
[2015]
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
File Size
299248
Keywords
Arctic economy
Sector of the economy
Traditional economy
Landscape
Natural asset
District structure
Rent-based model
Transfer-based model of economy
Space
Sustainable development
Abstract
The article discusses the economic phenomenon of Arctic “islands”. These territories of the Russian Arctic are inaccessible to transport all year round and significantly differ from other regions of Russian and North European Arctic. The economy of these Arctic “islands” is examined by using the example of Nenets and Chukotka Autonomous Districts. Despite a significant “similarity of appearance” in terms of their economic and social parameters, at a closer look, these two regions show considerable internal differences. To identify them, the authors used a theoretical view of the Arctic economy as a unity of three sectors, including traditional sector, corporate (market) sector, and transfer-based (state) sector in a comparative analysis. Each sector has its key contradictions, structure and its own trajectory of evolution. The corporate sector in the economy of Nenets Autonomous District is significantly younger than the one in Chukotka, since the oil and gas development began there comparatively recently. A relatively long-standing gold mining operations in Chukotka allows to refer this Arctic region to the old industrial areas. The profitability of gold production there is significantly lower than the one of the Nenets oil. Therefore, the authors propose to refer the economy of Nenets Autonomous District to the rent-based model, while the economy of Chukotka Autonomous District is referred to the transfer-based model. The differences in the transfer-based sectors of the two Districts are affected not only by the variance in the amounts of regional budgets, but also by the urban structure of population settlement, which is centralized in Nenets Autonomous District and polycentric in Chukotka. This means that the areas of health care, culture in Nenets Autonomous District are mostly bound to Naryan-Mar, its capital, while social infrastructure facilities in Chukotka are substantially decentralized and scattered across the regional and district centers.
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Economy-of-the-Arctic-_Islands_-The-Case-of-Nenets-and-Chukotka-Autonomous-Okrugs--translate.pdf

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Indigenous peoples and sustainable development

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature101964
Date
1984
Author
Indigenous Survival International
Date
1984
Language
English
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Conservation strategy
Development planning
European Economic Community (EEC)
Resource management
Traditional economies
Abstract
Nine-page description of Indigenous Survival International, a group representing the indigenous people of three locations--Alaska, Canada, and Greenland.
Notes
Available upon request at the Alaska Medical Library, located on the second floor of UAA/APU Consortium Library. Ask for accession no. 101964.
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