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Aetiology of hyperthyroidism in Canada and Wales.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature241590
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1983 Sep;37(3):245-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1983
Author
I. Williams
V O Ankrett
J H Lazarus
R. Volpe
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health. 1983 Sep;37(3):245-8
Date
Sep-1983
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenoma - complications
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Female
Goiter, Nodular - complications
Graves Disease - complications
Humans
Hyperthyroidism - etiology
Male
Middle Aged
Ontario
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications
Thyroiditis - complications
Wales
Abstract
A retrospective, comparative review of 100 consecutive new outpatients presenting with hyperthyroidism in Cardiff, South Wales, and in Toronto, Canada, was performed. The aim was to quantify the causes of hyperthyroidism with particular emphasis on the prevalence of viral thyroiditis and "silent" thyroiditis. The proportional morbidity of Graves' disease (approximately 70%) was similar in the two groups. Toxic multinodular goitre and toxic adenoma (Plummers' disease) occurred significantly more frequently in Cardiff (25% v 8%), whereas thyroiditis predominated in Toronto (17% v 1%).
Notes
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PubMed ID
6688631 View in PubMed
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Cardiovascular Incidence in 6900 Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: a Swedish Nationwide Study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature308466
Source
World J Surg. 2020 02; 44(2):436-441
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
02-2020
Author
Maximilian Zoltek
Therese M-L Andersson
Christel Hedman
Catharina Ihre-Lundgren
Caroline Nordenvall
Author Affiliation
Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. maximilian.zoltek@ki.se.
Source
World J Surg. 2020 02; 44(2):436-441
Date
02-2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Sweden - epidemiology
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications
Abstract
To minimize recurrence risk in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), TSH is usually lifelong suppressed with levothyroxine. A common consequence of this treatment is subclinical hyperthyroidism which can induce cardiovascular disease (CV). This study's aim was to compare CV incidence in DTC patients with the general population in Sweden.
All Swedish patients diagnosed with DTC in 1987-2013 were included in the cohort study. Lifelong TSH suppression treatment was assumed to be administered to patients in compliance with prevalent national guidelines. Patients were followed from 1 year after DTC diagnosis until December 31, 2014, death, or migration. The event of interest was hospitalization due to any of the following diseases: atrial fibrillation (AF), cerebrovascular disease, cerebral infarction, ischemic heart disease, ischemic heart attack, and heart failure. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated to compare CV incidence between DTC patients and the general population.
The cohort consisted of 6900 patients with DTC. Hospitalization was increased among DTC patients for AF (SIR 1.66, CI 95% 1.41-1.94), and women faced increased hospitalization for cerebrovascular disease (SIR 1.20 CI 95% 1.04-1.38). Regarding the remaining CV diseases, no consistent difference in SIR between the groups was observed.
Compared to the general population, DTC patients have a higher incidence in AF, and female face a slightly higher incidence in cerebrovascular disease. However, there was no difference in hospitalization for other studied CV diseases between DTC patients and the general population.
PubMed ID
31659412 View in PubMed
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Development of hyperthyroidism in nodular goiter and thyroid malignancies in an area of relatively low iodine intake.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature23413
Source
J Endocrinol Invest. 1995 Jan;18(1):41-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1995
Author
H L Kristensen
S. Vadstrup
N. Knudsen
K. Siersbaek-Nielsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine E, Frederiksberg Hospital, Denmark.
Source
J Endocrinol Invest. 1995 Jan;18(1):41-3
Date
Jan-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging
Denmark
Female
Goiter, Nodular - complications
Humans
Hyperthyroidism - etiology - radionuclide imaging
Iodine - administration & dosage - deficiency
Male
Middle Aged
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications
Thyrotropin - blood
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone - diagnostic use
Thyroxine - blood
Triiodothyronine - blood
Abstract
A high incidence of toxic nodular goiter has recently been described in areas of relatively low iodine intake. We studied the development of hyperthyroidism in nodular goiter and thyroid malignancies in an area of relatively low iodine intake (median 87 micrograms/h). The material comprised a total of 557 patients admitted to our department in the period 1978-88. The follow-up material consisted of 214 patients with a median age of 55 yr (19-86). Eighty-eight percent were females. The period of observation was 33 months (1-205). All patients had technetium thyroid scans, serum T3, serum T4, T3 uptake test and serum TSH performed. TRH tests were performed in 58 patients. During the follow-up period 45 initially euthyroid patients became hyperthyroid (18%). The incidence increased with age, and the median age in the group, who developed hyperthyroidism, was 65 yr. An estimated minimal incidence of toxic nodular goiter was 23/100,000/yr. Contrary to previous assumption, hyperthyroidism developed frequently in elderly patients with nodular goiter in a low iodine intake area. Thyroid cancer was found in 13 patients corresponding an estimated incidence of 1.5/100,000/yr. The cancer incidence was very low compared to other nordic countries with high iodine intake. This finding may suggest a possible influence of iodine intake on the incidence of thyroid cancer.
PubMed ID
7759783 View in PubMed
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High frequency of tumours in Mulibrey nanism.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature151769
Source
J Pathol. 2009 Jun;218(2):163-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2009
Author
Niklas Karlberg
Susann Karlberg
Riitta Karikoski
Sakari Mikkola
Marita Lipsanen-Nyman
Hannu Jalanko
Author Affiliation
Hospital for Children and Adolescents and Biomedicum Helsinki, University of Helsinki, HUS, Finland. niklas.karlberg@hus.fi
Source
J Pathol. 2009 Jun;218(2):163-71
Date
Jun-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Female
Finland
Heart Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Humans
Infant
Kidney Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Liver Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Lung Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Mulibrey Nanism - complications - pathology
Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Pancreatic Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Prevalence
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications - pathology
Wilms Tumor - complications - pathology
Abstract
Mulibrey nanism (MUL) is a monogenic disorder with prenatal-onset growth failure, typical clinical characteristics, cardiopathy and tendency for a metabolic syndrome. It is caused by recessive mutations in the TRIM37 gene encoding for the peroxisomal TRIM37 protein with ubiquitin-ligase activity. In this work, the frequency and pathology of malignant and benign tumours were analysed in a national cohort of 89 Finnish MUL patients aged 0.7-76 years. The subjects had a clinical and radiological evaluation, and histological and immunohistocemical analyses on specimens obtained from biopsy, surgery or autopsy, were performed. The results show that the MUL patients have disturbed architecture with ectopic tissues and a high frequency of both benign and malignant tumours detectable in several internal organs. A total of 210 tumorous lesions were detected in 66/89 patients (74%). Fifteen malignancies occurred in 13 patients (15%), seven of them in the kidney (five Wilms' tumours), three in the thyroid gland, two gynaecological cancers, one gastrointestinal carcinoid tumour, one neuropituitary Langerhans cell histiocytosis and one case of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Tumours detected by radiology in the liver and other organs mainly comprised strongly dilated blood vessels (peliosis), vascularized cysts and nodular lesions. The lesions showed strong expression of the endothelial cell markers CD34 and CD31 as well as the myocyte marker alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA). Our findings show that MUL is associated with frequent malignant tumours and benign adenomatous and vascular lesions, as well as disturbed organ development.
Notes
Comment In: J Pathol. 2009 Jun;218(2):143-519347900
PubMed ID
19334051 View in PubMed
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Insulomas and multiple endocrine neoplasia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature27903
Source
Acta Chir Scand. 1976;142(4):297-300
Publication Type
Article
Date
1976
Author
A. Andersson
L. Bergdahl
Source
Acta Chir Scand. 1976;142(4):297-300
Date
1976
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenoma, Islet Cell - complications
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms - complications
Adult
Aged
Astrocytoma - complications
Cerebellar Neoplasms - complications
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
Pancreatic Neoplasms - complications
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome - diagnosis
Abstract
Seventy-eight patients with insuloma diagnosed between 1959 and 1968 in Sweden were studied for neoplasia in other organs. Twenty-one patients had beta-cell islet tumors, 14 Zollinger-Ellison's syndrome and non-beta-cell islet tumors, while no endocrine activity was demonstrated in 43 patients. Of the last-mentioned group, 9 patients had co-existing disease of other endocrine organs. In 10 patients, non-endocrine organs were found to be affected by malignant diseases. It appears probable that the tissue of the pancreatic islets, like parathyroid tissue, can react with hyperplasia with a later development of adenoma, secondary to tumors in other organs.
PubMed ID
183432 View in PubMed
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Papillary and follicular thyroid cancer: impact of treatment in 1578 patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature233036
Source
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1988 Jun;14(6):1063-75
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1988
Author
W J Simpson
T. Panzarella
J S Carruthers
M K Gospodarowicz
S B Sutcliffe
Author Affiliation
Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1988 Jun;14(6):1063-75
Date
Jun-1988
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenocarcinoma - complications - mortality - therapy
Antithyroid Agents - therapeutic use
Canada
Carcinoma, Papillary - complications - mortality - therapy
Cause of Death
Combined Modality Therapy
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Iodine Radioisotopes - therapeutic use
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local - epidemiology - mortality - therapy
Prognosis
Radiotherapy Dosage
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications - mortality - therapy
Thyroidectomy
Abstract
We report the experience from 13 Canadian radiotherapy centres concerning the treatment and outcome for 1074 papillary and 504 follicular thyroid cancer patients followed for 4-24 years. Surgical resection was carried out in almost all patients; there was no correlation between the type of operation and recurrence or survival. Treatment with external irradiation (201 patients) radioiodine (214 patients), or both (107 patients) was used more often in poor prognosis patients than in those with good prognostic factors, and was effective in reducing local recurrences and improving survival, especially in patients with microscopic residual disease postoperatively. Treatment complications were common but rarely fatal. Thyroid cancer was the cause of death in over half of the papillary cancer deaths and in two-thirds of the follicular cancer deaths.
PubMed ID
2454902 View in PubMed
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Prevalence and causes of undiagnosed hyperthyroidismin an adult healthy population. The Tromsø study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature90742
Source
J Endocrinol Invest. 2008 Oct;31(10):856-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2008
Author
Bjørndal M M
Sandmo Wilhelmsen K.
Lu T.
Jorde R.
Author Affiliation
Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway.
Source
J Endocrinol Invest. 2008 Oct;31(10):856-60
Date
Oct-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenoma - complications
Adult
Aged
Cohort Studies
Female
Goiter, Nodular - complications
Graves Disease - complications
Health Surveys
Humans
Hyperthyroidism - epidemiology - etiology - radionuclide imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Prevalence
Sodium Pertechnetate Tc 99m - diagnostic use
Thyroid Gland - radionuclide imaging
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications
Thyrotropin - blood
Thyroxine - therapeutic use
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The causes of subclinical hyperthyroidism have only been reported from clinical studies. AIM: To determine the prevalence and pathological causes of reduced serum TSH levels in subjects recruited from an epidemiological survey. MATERIAL/SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum TSH was measured in 7954 subjects in the 5th Tromsø study. Subjects with serum TSH
PubMed ID
19092288 View in PubMed
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Primary hyperparathyroidism in Northern Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature26166
Source
Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1987 Feb;164(2):119-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1987
Author
A. Kristoffersson
K. Dahlgren
B. Granstrand
J. Järhult
Source
Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1987 Feb;164(2):119-23
Date
Feb-1987
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adenoma - complications - surgery
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Humans
Hypercalcemia - etiology
Hyperparathyroidism - complications - etiology - surgery
Male
Middle Aged
Sweden
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications - surgery
Abstract
Three hundred and eleven patients with presumed hyperparathyroidism were operated upon between the years 1961 and 1983 at the two surgical clinics in Northern Sweden equipped with pathologic facilities. Eighty per cent were women. All of the patients were hypercalcemic. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were elevated in 66 per cent of the patients. The correlation between serum calcium and PTH levels was only 0.38. Serum creatinine levels were normal in 92 per cent of the patients while renal concentrating ability was depressed in 79 per cent. The main patient symptoms were fatigue, mental disturbances and renal stones. Eighteen per cent were asymptomatic at the time of the operation. Most patients were diagnosed during in-hospital investigations. Many were also found to be hypercalcemic at regular outpatient controls. At operation, adenomas were found in 80 per cent, different kinds of hyperplasia in 15 per cent, normal histologic finding in 4 per cent, while cancer was found in less than 1 per cent of the patients. At follow-up study, 79 per cent were normocalcemic while 3 per cent were hypocalcemic and 11 per cent were still hypercalcemic--7.5 per cent were lost to follow-up study. Nine patients had a permanent paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve.
PubMed ID
3810425 View in PubMed
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Sonography of multinodular thyroid gland in children and adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223484
Source
Am J Dis Child. 1992 Jul;146(7):811-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1992
Author
C J Garcia
A. Daneman
P. Thorner
D. Daneman
Author Affiliation
Departamento Radiologia, Hospital Clinico Universidad Catolica, Santiago, Chile.
Source
Am J Dis Child. 1992 Jul;146(7):811-6
Date
Jul-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Biopsy
Child
Female
Fibrous Dysplasia, Polyostotic - complications - epidemiology - pathology
Fingers - abnormalities
Hospitals, Pediatric
Humans
Incidence
Kidney - abnormalities
Male
Ontario - epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Terminology as Topic
Thyroid Neoplasms - complications - epidemiology - pathology
Thyroid Nodule - complications - epidemiology - ultrasonography
Thyroiditis, Autoimmune - complications - epidemiology - pathology
Abstract
Multinodular disease of the thyroid gland is uncommon in children and adolescents, and has received little attention in the recent literature. This article reviews the clinical, sonographic, and pathologic findings in 16 children with multinodular disease of the thyroid gland, and draws attention to the high incidence of other associated clinical findings. This condition was associated with a triad including renal and digital anomalies in three patients, with McCune-Albright syndrome in two patients, with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in three patients, and with thyroid carcinoma in four patients. Three of five patients with a history of previous radiation therapy had thyroid carcinoma. Sonography is a proven valuable imaging modality for the study of thyroid disease in children and has contributed to our understanding of multinodular disease of the thyroid gland in this age group.
PubMed ID
1496948 View in PubMed
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13 records – page 1 of 2.