Skip header and navigation

Refine By

272 records – page 1 of 28.

Aboriginal suicide in British Columbia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210445
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1996 Dec;83(3 Pt 2):1202
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1996
Author
D. Lester
Author Affiliation
Psychology Program, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Pomona 08240-0195, USA.
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1996 Dec;83(3 Pt 2):1202
Date
Dec-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acculturation
American Native Continental Ancestry Group - psychology - statistics & numerical data
British Columbia - epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Incidence
Risk factors
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
PubMed ID
9017732 View in PubMed
Less detail

Absolute risk of suicide after first hospital contact in mental disorder.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature130761
Source
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011 Oct;68(10):1058-64
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2011
Author
Merete Nordentoft
Preben Bo Mortensen
Carsten Bøcker Pedersen
Author Affiliation
Psychiatric Centre Copenhagen, Denmark. mn@dadlnet.dk
Source
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011 Oct;68(10):1058-64
Date
Oct-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Bipolar Disorder - epidemiology - psychology
Comorbidity
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Middle Aged
Mood Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Schizophrenia - epidemiology
Schizophrenic Psychology
Sex Factors
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
Estimates of lifetime risk of suicide in mental disorders were based on selected samples with incomplete follow-up.
To estimate, in a national cohort, the absolute risk of suicide within 36 years after the first psychiatric contact.
Prospective study of incident cases followed up for as long as 36 years. Median follow-up was 18 years.
Individual data drawn from Danish longitudinal registers.
A total of 176,347 persons born from January 1, 1955, through December 31, 1991, were followed up from their first contact with secondary mental health services after 15 years of age until death, emigration, disappearance, or the end of 2006. For each participant, 5 matched control individuals were included.
Absolute risk of suicide in percentage of individuals up to 36 years after the first contact.
Among men, the absolute risk of suicide (95% confidence interval [CI]) was highest for bipolar disorder, (7.77%; 6.01%-10.05%), followed by unipolar affective disorder (6.67%; 5.72%-7.78%) and schizophrenia (6.55%; 5.85%-7.34%). Among women, the highest risk was found among women with schizophrenia (4.91%; 95% CI, 4.03%-5.98%), followed by bipolar disorder (4.78%; 3.48%-6.56%). In the nonpsychiatric population, the risk was 0.72% (95% CI, 0.61%-0.86%) for men and 0.26% (0.20%-0.35%) for women. Comorbid substance abuse and comorbid unipolar affective disorder significantly increased the risk. The co-occurrence of deliberate self-harm increased the risk approximately 2-fold. Men with bipolar disorder and deliberate self-harm had the highest risk (17.08%; 95% CI, 11.19%-26.07%).
This is the first analysis of the absolute risk of suicide in a total national cohort of individuals followed up from the first psychiatric contact, and it represents, to our knowledge, the hitherto largest sample with the longest and most complete follow-up. Our estimates are lower than those most often cited, but they are still substantial and indicate the continuous need for prevention of suicide among people with mental disorders.
PubMed ID
21969462 View in PubMed
Less detail

Acute influence of alcohol, THC or central stimulants on violent suicide: A Swedish population study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature258141
Source
J Forensic Sci. 2014 Mar;59(2):436-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2014
Author
Lena Lundholm
Ingemar Thiblin
Bo Runeson
Anders Leifman
Anna Fugelstad
Source
J Forensic Sci. 2014 Mar;59(2):436-40
Date
Mar-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alcoholic Intoxication - epidemiology
Asphyxia - mortality
Central Nervous System Depressants - blood
Central Nervous System Stimulants - blood
Dronabinol - blood
Drowning - mortality
Ethanol - blood
Female
Forensic Psychiatry
Forensic Toxicology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Neck Injuries - mortality
Poisoning - mortality
Registries
Substance-Related Disorders - epidemiology
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Wounds, Gunshot - mortality
Wounds, Penetrating - mortality
Young Adult
Abstract
Alcohol and substance abuse in general is a risk factor for suicide, but very little is known about the acute effect in relation to suicide method. Based on information from 18,894 medico-legal death investigations, including toxicological findings and manner of death, did the present study investigate whether acute influence of alcohol, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or central stimulants (amphetamine and cocaine) was related to the use of a violent suicide method, in comparison with the nonviolent method self-poisoning and alcohol-/illicit drug-negative suicide decedents. Multivariate analysis was conducted, and the results revealed that acute influence of THC was related to using the violent suicide method–– jumping from a height (RR 1.62; 95% CI 1.01–2.41). Alcohol intoxication was not related to any violent method, while the central stimulant-positive suicide decedent had a higher, albeit not significant, risk of several violent methods. The study contributes with elucidating suicide methods in relation to acute intoxication.
PubMed ID
24745078 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescent development and youth suicide.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature222221
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 1993;23(4):359-65
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
H M Aro
M J Marttunen
J K Lönnqvist
Author Affiliation
National Public Health Institute, Department of Mental Health, Helsinki, Finland.
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 1993;23(4):359-65
Date
1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cause of Death
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Male
Personality Development
Sex Factors
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The adolescent years, being a period of unique developmental changes, are of great interest in understanding suicidal behavior. The occurrence of completed suicide by age in 1-year age groups in adolescence and young adulthood was studied via official Finnish mortality statistics and the population statistics. Suicide rates increased sharply by age during adolescence, starting somewhat earlier among boys than among girls. During the periods of rapidly rising and high suicide rates in the 1970s and 1980s among boys, the increase in suicide rates started at a younger age than during a spell of lower rates in the 1960s.
PubMed ID
8310469 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adverse childhood experiences and suicidal behavior of adolescent psychiatric inpatients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature122157
Source
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Jan;22(1):13-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2013
Author
Reetta Isohookana
Kaisa Riala
Helinä Hakko
Pirkko Räsänen
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, 90014, Oulu, Finland. reettais@paju.oulu.fi
Source
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Jan;22(1):13-22
Date
Jan-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior - psychology
Child
Cohort Studies
Domestic Violence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Hospitals, Psychiatric
Humans
Inpatients - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Odds Ratio
Parents - psychology
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The present study examines the association of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to suicidal behavior and mortality in 508 Finnish adolescents (aged 12-17 years) who required acute psychiatric hospitalization between April 2001 and March 2006. The Schedule for Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime (K-SADS-PL) and the European Addiction Severity Index (EuropASI) were used to obtain information about ACEs, adolescents' suicidal behavior and psychiatric diagnoses. The cases of death were obtained from Statistics Finland. The results of our study indicated that, among girls, exposure to sexual abuse statistically significantly increased the risk of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) (OR, 1.8; 95 % CI, 1.0-3.2) and suicide attempts (OR, 2.3; 95 % CI, 1.0-4.5). The cumulative number of ACEs was also associated with an increased risk of NSSI (OR, 1.2; 95 % CI, 1.0- 1.4) and suicide attempts (OR, 1.2; 95 % CI, 1.0-1.4) in girls. Among all deceased adolescents, ACEs were most notable among those who had died due to accidents and injuries. Gender differences in the types of ACEs were noted and discussed.
PubMed ID
22842795 View in PubMed
Less detail

Age-related response to redeemed antidepressants measured by completed suicide in older adults: a nationwide cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature258597
Source
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Jan;22(1):25-33
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2014
Author
Annette Erlangsen
Yeates Conwell
Source
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Jan;22(1):25-33
Date
Jan-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging - psychology
Antidepressive Agents - therapeutic use
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Drug Utilization - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Sex Factors
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
To examine if the suicide rate of older adults prescribed antidepressants varies with age and to assess the proportion of older adults who died by suicide that had recently been prescribed antidepressants.
A population-based cohort study using a nationwide linkage of individual-level records was conducted on all persons aged 50+ living in Denmark during 1996-2006 (1,215,524 men and 1,343,568 women). Suicide rates by treatment status were calculated using data on all antidepressant prescriptions redeemed at pharmacies.
Individual-level data covered 9,354,620 and 10,720,639 person-years for men and women, respectively. Men aged 50-59 who received antidepressants had a mean suicide rate of 185 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 160-211) per 100,000, whereas for those aged 80+ the rate was 119 (95% CI: 91-146). For women, the corresponding values were 82 (95% CI: 70-94) and 28 (95% CI: 20-35). Logistic regression showed a 2% and 3% decline in the rate for men and women, respectively, considered in treatment with antidepressants, with each additional year of age. An opposite trend was found for persons not in treatment. Fewer persons aged 80+ dying by suicide had received antidepressant prescriptions during the last months of life than younger persons.
An age-dependent decline in suicide rate for antidepressant recipients was identified. One reason could be that older adults respond better to antidepressants than younger age groups. Still, the increasing gap with age between estimated prevalence of depression and antidepressant prescription rate in persons dying by suicide underscores the need for assessment of depression in the oldest old.
Notes
Cites: J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Jan;48(1):23-910642017
Cites: Am J Psychiatry. 2000 Jul;157(7):1089-9410873916
Cites: J Public Health Med. 2001 Dec;23(4):262-711873886
Cites: Int Psychogeriatr. 2000 Jun;12(2):209-2010937541
Cites: Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2000 Aug;15(8):736-4310960886
Cites: Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2001 Mar;56(12):923-911317482
Cites: J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2003 Mar;58(3):249-6512634292
Cites: BMJ. 2003 May 10;326(7397):100812742921
Cites: BMJ. 2003 May 10;326(7397):101412742924
Cites: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003 Jul;60(7):664-7212860770
Cites: Gerontology. 2003 Sep-Oct;49(5):328-3412920354
Cites: J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2003 Sep;58(5):S314-2214507942
Cites: Nat Rev Neurosci. 2003 Oct;4(10):819-2814523381
Cites: Neurobiol Aging. 2004 Feb;25(2):167-7414749134
Cites: Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2004 Jan;59(11):849-5014652704
Cites: JAMA. 2004 Mar 3;291(9):1081-9114996777
Cites: JAMA. 2004 Jul 21;292(3):338-4315265848
Cites: Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1992 Nov;52(5):547-521424428
Cites: Arch Intern Med. 1996 May 27;156(10):1047-528638990
Cites: Am J Psychiatry. 1996 Aug;153(8):1001-88678167
Cites: JAMA. 1997 Oct 8;278(14):1186-909326481
Cites: Am J Psychiatry. 1999 Feb;156(2):181-99989552
Cites: Ugeskr Laeger. 2004 Nov 8;166(46):4151-415565850
Cites: Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2006 May;113(5):372-8716603029
Cites: Gut. 2006 Aug;55(8):1065-716849340
Cites: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006 Sep;14(9):734-4116943170
Cites: BMJ. 2007 Feb 3;334(7587):24217164297
Cites: Trends Neurosci. 2007 Feb;30(2):79-8417169440
Cites: Am J Psychiatry. 2007 Jul;164(7):1044-917606656
Cites: Age Ageing. 2007 Jul;36(4):449-5417537746
Cites: Ann Clin Psychiatry. 2007 Oct-Dec;19(4):221-3818058280
Cites: J Clin Psychiatry. 2008 Mar;69(3):349-5718278986
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 2008 May;62(5):448-5418413459
Cites: Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2008 Jun;31(2):333-5618439452
Cites: Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2008 Aug;38(4):363-7418724785
Cites: J Affect Disord. 2008 Dec;111(2-3):299-30518442857
Cites: CMAJ. 2009 Feb 3;180(3):291-719188627
Cites: J Clin Psychiatry. 2009 Mar;70(3):312-719210947
Cites: BMJ. 2009;339:b288019671933
Cites: Depress Anxiety. 2010 Apr;27(4):351-6420037917
Cites: J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Jan;59(1):50-621198461
Cites: Crisis. 2011;32(2):106-921616757
Cites: J Affect Disord. 2012 Feb;136(3):789-9622030136
PubMed ID
23567434 View in PubMed
Less detail

AIDS/HIV infection, comorbid psychiatric illness, and risk for subsequent suicide: a nationwide register linkage study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature119945
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2012 Oct;73(10):1315-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2012
Author
Cun-Xian Jia
Lars Mehlum
Ping Qin
Author Affiliation
Shandong University School of Public Health, Jinan, China.
Source
J Clin Psychiatry. 2012 Oct;73(10):1315-21
Date
Oct-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - epidemiology
Adult
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Comorbidity
Denmark - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Logistic Models
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Registries - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Social Class
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Time Factors
Abstract
To explore socioeconomic and psychiatric characteristics of persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and to assess the effect of AIDS/HIV infection on risk for subsequent suicide in the context of psychiatric comorbidity and socioeconomic status.
In this study based on the entire population of Denmark, we interlinked 5 national registers to retrieve personal data on AIDS/HIV infection and covariates for 9,900 men who died of suicide during 1986-2006 and 189,037 controls matched for sex and date of birth. Suicide risk associated with AIDS/HIV infection was assessed using a conditional logistic regression model.
People with AIDS/HIV infection, especially those who died of suicide, mostly lived as single people, had low income, and were dwellers of the Capital area of Denmark (Copenhagen and Frederiksberg). While presence of other physical illness was common in these patients, 38.6% of suicide and 29.0% of control patients developed psychiatric illness after being diagnosed with AIDS or HIV infection. Meanwhile, AIDS/HIV infection constituted a significant risk factor for subsequent suicide (adjusted incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 3.84; 95% confidence interval, 2.53-5.81); the risk was substantially higher for persons who were diagnosed for the first time recently, were treated as inpatients, had a recent hospital contact, or had multiple hospital contacts because of the illness. The increased suicide risk associated with AIDS/HIV infection was slightly stronger before the introduction in 1997 of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) (adjusted IRR = 5.55; 95% CI, 3.07-10.06), but remained highly significant in the HAART era (adjusted IRR = 2.77; 95% CI, 1.55-4.94). Moreover, AIDS/HIV infection significantly interacted with psychiatric illness (P
PubMed ID
23059105 View in PubMed
Less detail

Alcohol abuse and suicide: a 40-year prospective study of Norwegian conscripts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11405
Source
Addiction. 1995 May;90(5):685-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1995
Author
I. Rossow
A. Amundsen
Author Affiliation
National Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research, Oslo, Norway.
Source
Addiction. 1995 May;90(5):685-91
Date
May-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Alcoholism - mortality - psychology
Cause of Death
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Military Personnel - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Norway
Prospective Studies
Risk factors
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Suicide mortality among alcohol abusers and the prevalence of alcohol abusers among suicides were assessed in a 40-year follow-up study of 40,000 Norwegian military conscripts. Alcohol abuse was operationalized as either admission to alcohol treatment clinic, alcohol related cause of death, or both. The relative risk of suicide among alcohol abusers was estimated to 6.9. The relative risk of committing suicide among alcohol abusers appeared to be higher in middle age (more than 40 years) than in younger age groups (RR = 12.8 and 4.5, respectively). The life-time risk of suicide, i.e. before the age of 60 years, was estimated to 0.63% for those not categorized as alcohol abusers and 4.76% for those categorized as alcohol abusers.
PubMed ID
7795504 View in PubMed
Less detail

Alcohol dependence and misuse in elderly suicides.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9743
Source
Alcohol Alcohol. 2003 May-Jun;38(3):249-54
Publication Type
Article
Author
Margda Waern
Author Affiliation
Section of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg University, SE 413 45 Göteborg, Sweden.
Source
Alcohol Alcohol. 2003 May-Jun;38(3):249-54
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Alcohol-Related Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Comorbidity
Depressive Disorder - diagnosis - epidemiology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Female
Humans
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Social Isolation - psychology
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Abstract
AIMS: To assess suicide risk associated with alcohol use disorder in elderly men and women, and to examine the role of social stressors in elderly suicides with and without alcohol use disorders. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 85 suicide cases aged 65 years and above (46 men, 39 women) and 153 randomly selected population controls (84 men, 69 women). Interviews were carried out with control persons and with informants for the suicide cases. Mental disorders were diagnosed in accordance to DSM-IV. RESULTS: A history of alcohol dependence or misuse was observed in 35% of the elderly men who died by suicide and in 18% of the women. This disorder was uncommon among persons in the control group (2% of the men and 1% of the women). Alcohol use disorder remained an independent predictor of suicide risk in the regression models for both sexes. Among suicide cases, those with alcohol use disorders were younger and less likely to be suffering from severe physical illness (35 vs 63%) than those without this disorder. CONCLUSION: Alcohol use disorder is associated with suicide in elderly men and women. Prevention programmes need to target this important subgroup.
PubMed ID
12711660 View in PubMed
Less detail

Alcohol factors in suicide mortality rates in Manitoba.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature157189
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 2008 Apr;53(4):243-51
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2008
Author
Mann RE
Zalcman RF
Rush BR
Smart RG
Rhodes AE
Author Affiliation
Social, Prevention and Health Policy Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario. robert_mann@camh.net
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 2008 Apr;53(4):243-51
Date
Apr-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Alcoholics Anonymous
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Demography
Female
Humans
Male
Manitoba - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Suicide - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Unemployment - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
To identify alcohol-related factors that influence mortality rates from suicide.
We examined the impact of per capita consumption of total alcohol, spirits, beer, and wine; unemployment rate; and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) membership rate on total, male and female suicide mortality rates in Manitoba during 1976 to 1997. Time series analyses with autoregressive integrated moving average modelling were applied to total, male and female suicide rates. The analyses performed included total alcohol consumption, spirits consumption, beer consumption, and wine consumption. Missing AA membership data were interpolated with cubic splines.
Total alcohol consumption, and consumption of beer, spirits, and wine individually, were significantly and positively related to female suicide mortality rates. Spirits and wine were positively related to total and male mortality rates. AA membership rates were negatively related to total and female suicide rates. Unemployment rates were positively related to male and total suicide rates.
The data confirm the important relations between per capita consumption measures and suicide mortality rates. Additionally, the results for AA membership rates are consistent with the hypothesis that AA membership and alcohol abuse treatment can exert beneficial effects observable at the population level.
PubMed ID
18478827 View in PubMed
Less detail

272 records – page 1 of 28.