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131 records – page 1 of 14.

A 12-year National Study of Suicide by Jumping From Bridges in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature293093
Source
Arch Suicide Res. 2017 Oct-Dec; 21(4):568-576
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author
Aleksandra Sæheim
Ingebjørg Hestetun
Erlend Mork
Latha Nrugham
Lars Mehlum
Source
Arch Suicide Res. 2017 Oct-Dec; 21(4):568-576
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Environment Design - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Registries
Suicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
Studies from several countries suggest that erecting fences on bridges more commonly used for suicide by jumping may be an effective way of reducing the risk of suicide by jumping from these bridges. Distribution of suicides by jumping off bridges has not yet been studied on a national level in any country. This study included all suicides by jumping from high places registered in the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry (COD) in the period 1999-2010 (n = 319). Combining data from the COD registry and information from police records, 71 cases of suicide by jumping off a bridge were identified involving 36 bridges. This form of suicide constituted approximately 1% of all suicides in Norway in the period 1999-2010. Almost half of these suicides were registered at only 6 bridges. Three Norwegian bridges were secured during the observation period of this study. Two bridges had barriers installed on the full length of the bridge with 11 suicides registered before barriers were installed, and none after. On the 1 bridge that was only partially secured, no change in numbers of suicides was observed after barriers were installed. One-third of jumps from bridges occurred over land. We found that although suicide by jumping off bridges was a relatively rare event, there is a potential for saving lives by installing physical barriers on bridges that are more commonly used for suicide by jumping.
PubMed ID
27309998 View in PubMed
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[About some perspective directions of suicide prophylaxis among the servicemen].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature164140
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2007 Jan;328(1):18-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2007

[A crisis intervention service in an outpatient psychiatric clinic of a general hospital: function and clientele].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221532
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1993 Mar;38(2):96-100
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1993
Author
J P Fournier
F. Gagnon
Author Affiliation
Centre hospitalier de l'Université Laval, Ste-Foy, Québec.
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 1993 Mar;38(2):96-100
Date
Mar-1993
Language
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Crisis Intervention
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emergency Services, Psychiatric - utilization
Female
Hospitals, General - utilization
Humans
Incidence
Male
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Outpatient Clinics, Hospital - utilization
Patient Care Team - utilization
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Quebec - epidemiology
Risk factors
Suicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The authors describe an external crisis intervention service in a general hospital. This service is intended for a clientele presenting acute mental health problems, referred, in the majority of cases, from the emergency department. They present demographic data, diagnostic data, data on the factors precipitating the crises and data which can be used to qualify and quantify the clientele. In addition, they describe the therapeutic approach and the treatment philosophy, the number of follow-up sessions, and the guidance provided to the clientele after follow-up. Finally, the authors suggest prerequisites considered essential to the effective operation of a crisis intervention module in an external psychiatric clinic.
PubMed ID
8467450 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007 Apr 19;127(8):1022
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-19-2007

[Acute poisonings in Norway 1999-2004--morbidity and mortality]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature77921
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007 Apr 19;127(8):1023-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-19-2007
Author
Lilleeng Grethe Helen Bøe
Berg Knut Joachim
Gjertsen Finn
Andrew Erik
Author Affiliation
Avdeling for giftinformasjon (Giftinformasjonen), Sosial- og helsedirektoratet, Postboks 7000 St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007 Apr 19;127(8):1023-7
Date
Apr-19-2007
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Cause of Death
Homicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Norway - epidemiology
Overdose
Poisoning - diagnosis - epidemiology - mortality - prevention & control
Psychotropic Drugs - poisoning
Registries
Suicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of acute poisoning is important for health authorities. There have been local studies and national studies in limited areas such as drug poisoning, but morbidity and mortality associated with acute poisoning has not been presented collectively at a national level. The aim of the study is to establish morbidity and mortality associated with acute poisoning in Norway. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material comprised data from the Norwegian Patient Register and the Norwegian Causes of Death Register on patients with acute poisoning from 1999 through 2004. Data from somatic hospitals include patients who were discharged after 5 hours. RESULTS: Almost 11,000 discharges with acute poisoning, coded as main or other condition (ICD-10 F and T codes), were recorded from somatic hospitals annually. The hospital mortality was 0.8 %. About 500 acute poisoning deaths occurred annually, 20 % within and 80 % of them outside hospitals. INTERPRETATION: The results show increased morbidity and stable mortality by acute poisoning in Norway, 1999-2004. Information in the Cause-of-Death and especially the Patient Register should be improved. More detailed information by type of drugs and substances and external causes are needed for monitoring and prevention.
PubMed ID
17457385 View in PubMed
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Adolescent suicide in Quebec and prior utilization of medical services.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature177876
Source
Can J Public Health. 2004 Sep-Oct;95(5):357-60
Publication Type
Article
Author
Lambert Farand
Johanne Renaud
François Chagnon
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Administration, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC. lambert.farand@umontreal.ca
Source
Can J Public Health. 2004 Sep-Oct;95(5):357-60
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Health Services - utilization
Child
Death Certificates
Family Practice - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Psychiatry - statistics & numerical data
Quebec - epidemiology
Suicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Psychopathology is the main risk factor for adolescent suicide but several studies have shown that only a small proportion of suicide victims receive mental health care during the months preceding their suicide. The goal of this study is to describe the utilization of medical services by Quebec adolescent suicide victims during the year preceding their suicide.
All suicides of persons aged 19 or less that occurred during a five-year period were retrieved from the Quebec Coroner's database. Corresponding medical services utilization data were retrieved from the Quebec physician payment database (RAMQ) and the Quebec hospitalization database (MED-ECHO). Data were analyzed in terms of types and intensity of medical services (physical or psychiatric), types of providers (general practitioners, psychiatrists, and other medical specialists), and timing of interventions relative to the date of suicide.
78% of all Quebec adolescent suicide victims utilized medical services during the year before their suicide. However, only 12% of all victims received medical attention for psychiatric problems, and only 9.9% met with a psychiatrist during that same period of time. General practitioners and non-psychiatric medical specialists provided medical attention for psychiatric problems to only 5.6% and 0.7% of those future suicide victims with whom they met in outpatient settings, and the intensity of their interventions was low.
These results suggest that the level of recognition and treatment of psychopathology in Quebec adolescents who later commit suicide is low, despite the fact that a large proportion of them meet with physicians during the year preceding their suicide. This suggests that information and training programs pertaining to adolescent suicide and psychopathology should be implemented for GPs and non-psychiatric medical specialists as well.
PubMed ID
15490925 View in PubMed
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[Antidepressive treatment is the best prevention against suicide among young people]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature45694
Source
Lakartidningen. 2005 Apr 4-10;102(14):1076; discussion 1076, 1078
Publication Type
Article
Author
Goran Isacsson
Author Affiliation
Psykiatriska kliniken, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset, Huddinge. goran.lsacsson@neurotec.ki.se
Source
Lakartidningen. 2005 Apr 4-10;102(14):1076; discussion 1076, 1078
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Depression - therapy
Humans
Suicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
United States - epidemiology
PubMed ID
15892481 View in PubMed
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Are suicides by jumping off bridges preventable? An analysis of 50 cases from Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature68280
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 2004 Jul;36(4):691-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2004
Author
Per Lindqvist
Anders Jonsson
Anders Eriksson
Annika Hedelin
Ulf Björnstig
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University, Umeå SE-907 12, Sweden. per.lindqvist@spo.sll.se
Source
Accid Anal Prev. 2004 Jul;36(4):691-4
Date
Jul-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Environment Design
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Safety Management
Suicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Abstract
This is a community-based sequential case series of 50 individuals who committed suicide by jumping from bridges in two regions of Sweden. Of the 50 subjects, 32 were men and 18 women, with a median age of 35 years. At least 40 had psychiatric problems. The frequency of suicide was highest during the summer months and during the weekends. A total of 27 bridges were used, with a total length of just under 9 km. Three bridges accounted for almost half of all suicides. Limiting the availability of one method of committing suicide is reported to reduce the overall suicide rate; why suicide and injury suicide preventive measures might be considered. Since this study demonstrates that few bridges attract suicide candidates, this injury mechanism needs to be acknowledged by the road system owners and included in the safety work.
PubMed ID
15094424 View in PubMed
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The art and science of evidence-based decision-making ... epidemiology can help!

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature190776
Source
Can J Public Health. 2002 Jan-Feb;93(1):I1-8, I1-8
Publication Type
Article

Association between medication and risk of suicide, attempted suicide and death in nationwide cohort of suicidal patients with schizophrenia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature158363
Source
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2008 Jul;17(7):686-96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2008
Author
Jari Haukka
Jari Tiihonen
Tommi Härkänen
Jouko Lönnqvist
Author Affiliation
Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, FIN-00300 Helsinki, Finland. jari.haukka@ktl.fi
Source
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2008 Jul;17(7):686-96
Date
Jul-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Antidepressive Agents - therapeutic use
Antipsychotic Agents - therapeutic use
Bayes Theorem
Benzodiazepines - therapeutic use
Citalopram - therapeutic use
Cohort Studies
Drug Therapy, Combination
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Follow-Up Studies
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Proportional Hazards Models
Risk factors
Schizophrenia - complications - drug therapy
Suicide - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Mortality among schizophrenia patients is substantially higher than in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate, in a nationwide cohort of suicidal schizophrenic individuals, how the risks of suicide, severe suicide attempts and death are associated with usage of antidepressant or antipsychotic treatment.
The study population included all individuals in Finland who were hospitalised with a diagnosis of attempted suicide between 1 January 1997 and 31 December 2003, who also had at least one hospitalisation due to schizophrenia diagnosis (ICD-10 F20), and were at least 16 years old when the index hospitalisation began. Cox's proportional hazards modelling and Bayesian intensity estimation were used in the analysis.
There were 1611 patients with a mean follow-up time of 4.3 years. Current use of antipsychotics was associated with decreased mortality due to suicide (HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.34-0.81, p = 0.004), but no significant decrease in mortality was observed during current use of antidepressants (0.66, 0.41-1.08, p = 0.099), when compared to past use. In more detailed analysis when current users were compared to non-users, olanzapine, and mixed use of antipsychotics, were associated with reduced all-cause mortality, and mixed use also with reduced risk of suicide mortality. Current use of citalopram was associated with decreased all-cause and suicide mortality.
In a population of suicidal schizophrenic individuals antipsychotic medication, treatment was associated with lower mortality from suicide and all-causes. Antidepressive medication was associated with lower all-cause mortality when used in combination with antipsychotics.
Notes
Erratum In: Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2011 Oct;20(10):1113
PubMed ID
18327869 View in PubMed
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131 records – page 1 of 14.