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A 5-year follow-up study of suicide attempts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46467
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1996 Mar;93(3):151-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1996
Author
E. Johnsson Fridell
A. Ojehagen
L. Träskman-Bendz
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Lund University Hospital, Sweden.
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1996 Mar;93(3):151-7
Date
Mar-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adjustment Disorders - mortality - psychology - therapy
Adult
Anxiety Disorders - mortality - psychology - therapy
Cause of Death
Child of Impaired Parents - psychology
Depressive Disorder - mortality - psychology - therapy
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Personality Disorders - mortality - psychology - therapy
Recurrence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Suicide - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Seventy-five patients were admitted to the ward of the Lund Suicide Research Center following a suicide attempt. After 5 years, the patients were followed up by a personal semistructured interview covering sociodemographic, psychosocial and psychiatric areas. Ten patients (13%) had committed suicide during the follow-up period, the majority within 2 years. They tended to be older at the index attempt admission, and most of them had a mood disorder in comparison with the others. Two patients had died from somatic diseases. Forty-two patients were interviewed, of whom 17 (40%) had reattempted during the follow-up period, most of them within 3 years. Predictors for reattempt were young age, personality disorder, parents having received treatment for psychiatric disorder, and a poor social network. At the index attempt, none of the reattempters had diagnoses of adjustment disorders or anxiety disorders. At follow-up, reattempters had more psychiatric symptoms (SCL-90), and their overall functioning (GAF) was poor compared to those who did not reattempt. All of the reattempters had long-lasting treatment ( > 3 years) as compared to 56% of the others. It is of great clinical importance to focus on treatment strategies for the vulnerable subgroup of self-destructive reattempters.
PubMed ID
8739657 View in PubMed
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Adolescent suicide attempters: what predicts future suicidal acts?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature79019
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2006 Dec;36(6):638-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Groholt Berit
Ekeberg Øivind
Haldorsen Tor
Author Affiliation
Sogn Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Oslo, Norway. berit.groholt@medisin.uio.no
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2006 Dec;36(6):638-50
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Comorbidity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Father-Child Relations
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Norway
Recurrence - prevention & control
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Statistics
Suicide - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Predictors for repetition of suicide attempts were evaluated among 92 adolescent suicide attempters 9 years after an index suicide attempt (90% females). Five were dead, two by suicide. Thirty-one (42%) of 73 had repeated a suicide attempt. In multiple Cox regression analysis, four factors had an independent predictive effect: comorbid disorders, hopelessness, having ever received treatment for mental or behavior problems, and having a father exerting control without affection. Prediction on an individual level was difficult. Since almost half repeated a suicidal act, the best strategy is to evaluate all adolescent suicide attempters thoroughly and provide treatment as needed.
PubMed ID
17250468 View in PubMed
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Anorexia Nervosa, Major Depression, and Suicide Attempts: Shared Genetic Factors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286785
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2016 Oct;46(5):525-534
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2016
Author
Laura M Thornton
Elisabeth Welch
Melissa A Munn-Chernoff
Paul Lichtenstein
Cynthia M Bulik
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2016 Oct;46(5):525-534
Date
Oct-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Anorexia Nervosa - diagnosis - epidemiology - genetics
Comorbidity
Depressive Disorder, Major - diagnosis - epidemiology - genetics
Female
Gene-Environment Interaction
Humans
Middle Aged
Phenotype
Prevalence
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Risk factors
Statistics as Topic
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
The extent to which genetic and environmental factors influenced anorexia nervosa (AN), major depressive disorder (MDD), and suicide attempts (SA) were evaluated. Participants were 6,899 women from the Swedish Twin Study of Adults: Genes and Environment. A Cholesky decomposition assessed independent and overlapping genetic and environmental contributions to AN, MDD, and SA. Genetic factors accounted for a substantial amount of liability to all three traits; unique environmental factors accounted for most of the remaining liability. Shared genetic factors may underlie the coexpression of these traits. Results underscore the importance of assessing for signs of suicide among individuals with AN.
Notes
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PubMed ID
26916469 View in PubMed
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The association between homelessness and suicidal ideation and behaviors: results of a cross-sectional survey.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187229
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2002;32(4):418-27
Publication Type
Article
Date
2002
Author
Rahel Eynan
John Langley
George Tolomiczenko
Anne E Rhodes
Paul Links
Donald Wasylenki
Paula Goering
Author Affiliation
St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. eynanr@smh.toronto.on.ca
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2002;32(4):418-27
Date
2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Homeless Persons - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - prevention & control
Middle Aged
Ontario - epidemiology
Risk
Sex Factors
Suicide - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
This study was carried out with three goals: (1) to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among the homeless; (2) to determine what aspects of homelessness predict suicidality, and (3) to determine which aspects remain predictive after controlling for key covariates, such as mental illness. A sample of 330 homeless adults were interviewed. Sixty-one percent of the study sample reported suicidal ideation and 34% had attempted suicide. Fifty-six percent of the men and 78% of the women reported prior suicidal ideation, while 28 percent of the men and 57% of the women had attempted suicide. Childhood homelessness of at least 1 week without family members and periods of homelessness longer than 6 months were found to be associated with suicidal ideation. Psychiatric diagnoses were also associated with suicidality in this sample.
PubMed ID
12501966 View in PubMed
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The association between relationship markers of sexual orientation and suicide: Denmark, 1990-2001.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146506
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011 Feb;46(2):111-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2011
Author
Robin M Mathy
Susan D Cochran
Jorn Olsen
Vickie M Mays
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Sciences and Kellogg College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011 Feb;46(2):111-7
Date
Feb-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Bisexuality - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Cause of Death - trends
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Homosexuality - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Homosexuality, Female - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Homosexuality, Male - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Minority Groups - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Sexual Behavior - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Minority sexual orientation has been repeatedly linked to elevated rates of suicide attempts. Whether this translates into greater risk for suicide mortality is unclear. We investigated sexual orientation-related differences in suicide mortality in Denmark during the initial 12-year period following legalization of same-sex registered domestic partnerships (RDPs).
Using data from death certificates issued between 1990 and 2001 and population estimates from the Danish census, we estimated suicide mortality risk among individuals classified into one of three marital/cohabitation statuses: current/formerly in same-sex RDPs; current/formerly heterosexually married; or never married/registered.
Risk for suicide mortality was associated with this proxy indicator of sexual orientation, but only significantly among men. The estimated age-adjusted suicide mortality risk for RDP men was nearly eight times greater than for men with positive histories of heterosexual marriage and nearly twice as high for men who had never married.
Suicide risk appears greatly elevated for men in same-sex partnerships in Denmark. To what extent this is true for similar gay and bisexual men who are not in such relationships is unknown, but these findings call for targeted suicide prevention programs aimed at reducing suicide risk among gay and bisexual men.
Notes
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PubMed ID
20033129 View in PubMed
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[Attempted suicide among children and adolescents--therapeutic possibilities within the health care]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37750
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1990 Mar 19;152(12):832-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-19-1990

Attempted suicide among young people: risk factors in a prospective register based study of Danish children born in 1966.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature9617
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2003 Nov;108(5):350-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2003
Author
M N Christoffersen
H D Poulsen
A. Nielsen
Author Affiliation
The Danish National Institute of Social Research, Copenhagen K, Denmark. mc@sfi.dk
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2003 Nov;108(5):350-8
Date
Nov-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Causality
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Prospective Studies
Registries - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: In order to prevent suicidal behaviour among adolescents and young adults it would be valuable to know if altering the conditions of their upbringing could reduce their suicidal behaviour. The study surveys possible risk factors. METHOD: Population-based registers covering children born in Denmark in 1966 at the age span of 14-27 years and their parents for: health, education, family dissolution, suicidal behaviour, substance abuse, criminality and unemployment. A discrete-time proportional hazard modelling was used to analyse the longitudinal observations. RESULTS: First-time suicide attempts were associated with parental psychiatric disorder, suicidal behaviour, violence, child abuse and neglect. Increased risks were also found among adolescents and young adults who suffered from psychiatric disorder or physical handicap, had been legally imprisoned, were addicted to drugs, or without graduation, vocational training or employment. CONCLUSION: Stigmatization, social exclusion, and mental disorders in the adolescents or young adults and parents increased risks for attempted suicide.
PubMed ID
14531755 View in PubMed
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Attempted suicide and contact with the primary health authorities.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46533
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1994 Aug;90(2):109-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1994
Author
E N Stenager
K. Jensen
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Odense University, Denmark.
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1994 Aug;90(2):109-13
Date
Aug-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Denmark - epidemiology
Depressive Disorder - drug therapy - epidemiology - psychology
Family Practice - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Patient satisfaction
Psychotherapy
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Sick Role
Social Welfare - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
In a study describing suicide attempters' approach to the health and social welfare authorities prior to a suicide attempt, it was found that one-fourth of the patients seeking help requested therapeutic consultations and only a few asked for medicinal treatment. Forty-four percent had taken newly prescribed medicine for the parasuicide. It is concluded that the availability of psychological support and a more restrictive prescription of medicine could have a preventive effect on parasuicidal behaviour. Patients suffering from depression and pain have more often than other patients been in contact with their general practitioner prior to the suicide attempt. Postgraduate courses for practitioners on depression diagnostics and suicidal behaviour are proposed as a measure in suicide prevention.
PubMed ID
7976455 View in PubMed
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Attempted suicide in Denmark. IV. A five-year follow-up.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature12210
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1990 Mar;81(3):250-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1990
Author
B. Nielsen
A G Wang
U. Brille-Brahe
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry, Odense University Hospital, Denmark.
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1990 Mar;81(3):250-4
Date
Mar-1990
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cause of Death
Cross-Sectional Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Male
Recurrence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk factors
Suicide - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
From October 1, 1980 to April 20, 1981, 207 patients were admitted to the Department of Psychiatry, Odense University Hospital, after attempting suicide. Information on physical, mental and social conditions was collected. The patients were then followed for 5 years, to register subsequent suicidal behaviour and to try to identify relevant factors for evaluation of future suicide risk. During the follow-up period 11.6% of the attempters committed suicide, the majority within the first year after the index attempt. Seventy-five percent of the suicides were committed less than 6 months after the last contact with the psychiatric ward. Predictors for future suicide were chronic somatic disease, depression, abuse of medicine, and chronic alcohol abuse. The authors emphasize the need for a thorough medical evaluation of patients attempting suicide, to be able to identify and eventually treat these conditions.
PubMed ID
2343748 View in PubMed
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Attempted suicide predicts suicide risk in mood disorders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature46483
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1995 Nov;92(5):345-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1995
Author
P. Nordström
M. Asberg
A. Aberg-Wistedt
C. Nordin
Author Affiliation
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1995 Nov;92(5):345-50
Date
Nov-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Bipolar Disorder - diagnosis - mortality
Cause of Death
Depressive Disorder - diagnosis - mortality - psychology
Female
Hospitals, University
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patient Admission - statistics & numerical data
Psychiatric Department, Hospital
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Risk
Suicide - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Survival Analysis
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Suicide risk was studied in a sample of 346 mood disorder inpatients, 92 of whom were admitted after a current suicide attempt. The overall suicide mortality after a mean observation period of 6 years was 8%. The potential of attempted suicide to predict suicide risk in hospitalized patients with mood disorders was studied by survival analysis after subgrouping on the basis of whether a current suicide attempt had occurred or not. The suicide risk the first year after attempting suicide was 12% (11/92), compared with 2% (4/254) in the mood disorder subgroup with no current suicide attempt. The long-range suicide risk after a current suicide attempt in depression was 15% (14/92) as compared with 5% (13/254) among those without a current suicide attempt. It is concluded that a current suicide attempt in mood disorder inpatients predicts suicide risk particularly within the first year and should be taken very seriously.
PubMed ID
8619338 View in PubMed
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47 records – page 1 of 5.