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25 records – page 1 of 3.

Air contaminants in a submarine equipped with air independent propulsion.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166824
Source
J Environ Monit. 2006 Nov;8(11):1111-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2006
Author
Ola Persson
Christina Ostberg
Joakim Pagels
Aleksandra Sebastian
Author Affiliation
Division of Heat Transfer, Department of Heat and Power Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, Box 118, 221 00, Lund, Sweden.
Source
J Environ Monit. 2006 Nov;8(11):1111-21
Date
Nov-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollutants, Occupational - analysis - standards
Carbon Dioxide - analysis - standards
Ecological Systems, Closed
Environmental Monitoring - standards
Gram-Negative Bacteria - isolation & purification
Humans
Hydrogen - analysis - standards
Life Support Systems
Organic Chemicals - analysis - standards
Oxygen - analysis - standards
Ozone - analysis - standards
Pressure
Submarine Medicine
Sweden
Temperature
Volatilization
Abstract
The Swedish Navy has operated submarines equipped with air independent propulsion for two decades. This type of submarine can stay submerged for periods far longer than other non-nuclear submarines are capable of. The air quality during longer periods of submersion has so far not been thoroughly investigated. This study presents results for a number of air quality parameters obtained during more than one week of continuous submerged operation. The measured parameters are pressure, temperature, relative humidity, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, formaldehyde and other volatile organic compounds, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter and microbiological contaminants. The measurements of airborne particles demonstrate that air pollutants typically occur at a low baseline level due to high air exchange rates and efficient air-cleaning devices. However, short-lived peaks with comparatively high concentrations occur, several of the sources for these have been identified. The concentrations of the pollutants measured in this study do not indicate a build-up of hazardous compounds during eight days of submersion. It is reasonable to assume that a substantial build-up of the investigated contaminants is not likely if the submersion period is prolonged several times, which is the case for modern submarines equipped with air independent propulsion.
PubMed ID
17075617 View in PubMed
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[A method for evaluating the safety of decompression regimens for divers].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature211110
Source
Voen Med Zh. 1996 Sep;317(9):48-50, 80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1996
Author
L K Volkov
I A Voitsekhovich
V M Liapin
A A Miasnikov
Source
Voen Med Zh. 1996 Sep;317(9):48-50, 80
Date
Sep-1996
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Decompression - adverse effects - methods - statistics & numerical data
Decompression Sickness - prevention & control - ultrasonography
Diving - adverse effects
Embolism, Air - ultrasonography
Humans
Male
Military Personnel
Probability
Russia
Safety
Submarine Medicine
Veins - ultrasonography
Abstract
The authors offer a way of estimation of safety modes of decompression, based on definition of intensity of venous gas embolism (VGE) at each decompression and account of probability of illness of divers in series of tests. Intensity of VGE was determined with the help of ultrasonic gas bubbles Doppler radar. Comparative safety of standard modes of decompression of divers of the Navy was estimated, and also the modes, designed in accordance with mathematical model of decompression, offered by I. A. Voitsekhovich (1990), were done. The results testify, that use of ultrasonic radar for estimation of intensity of VGE at decompression and account of average and maximum probability of decompression illness in series of tests of modes permit to receive the comparative characteristic of safety of modes at small number of decompressions.
PubMed ID
8992750 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Change of functional form of organism of submariner during the organized rest in conditions of European North].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature158505
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2007 Dec;328(12):36-9, 96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2007
Author
I L Myznikov
V N Solov'ev
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2007 Dec;328(12):36-9, 96
Date
Dec-2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Europe
Health Resorts
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Military Personnel
Physical Fitness - physiology
Rest
Russia
Submarine Medicine
Abstract
The article presents the results of researches of 156 submariners of the first age-related group from crews of a-submarine during first several days on rest and in the end of the rest? Which was allowed after a long (2,5 months and more) autonomous float. Researches showed the effectiveness of reductive rest for the crews of a-submarines in conditions of Kolskoye Zapolyarye. Defined that in the 1st age-lated group ought to attend 1,9% of submariners with signs of non-adaptation and overpressure of physiological systems of organism. It's confirmed that good exponents of health condition could be attained by overpressure of functional systems. Authors propose to examine the submariner's organism functions by different diagnostics axis.
PubMed ID
18314786 View in PubMed
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[Determination of the content of common protein in biological samples using chemical stabilizers].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature211081
Source
Ukr Biokhim Zh. 1996 Sep-Oct;68(5):103-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
H M Iarmol'chuk
Source
Ukr Biokhim Zh. 1996 Sep-Oct;68(5):103-5
Language
Ukrainian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Altitude
Arctic Regions
Blood Donors
Blood Proteins - analysis
Cryopreservation
Desert Climate
Excipients
Humans
Space Flight
Submarine Medicine
Abstract
Proteins of biological samples in the process of storage are subject to microbe contamination as well as the destruction by their own lipoprotein lipases. It is established that N-thymol compounds of formulas 52 and 82 stabilize blood serum samples of donors and preserve the content of total protein in them unchanged for 7, 15 and 40 days, respectively. The obtained stabilizers can be used when studying protein metabolism in the organism of cosmonauts performing long-term space flight, depots of nuclear submarines, participants of long-term Alpine, desert, polar and other expeditions.
PubMed ID
9229844 View in PubMed
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[D.P.Zuikhin and his contribution to the establishment and development of the system of medical maintenance of nuclear submarines personnel].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature261747
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2014 Dec;335(12):59-62
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2014
Author
O I Petrov
V S Sukhorukov
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2014 Dec;335(12):59-62
Date
Dec-2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Delivery of Health Care - history - organization & administration
History, 20th Century
Nuclear Energy - history
Russia
Submarine Medicine - history - organization & administration
Abstract
A highly qualified physician, an outstanding leader, a scientist Dmitry Zuikhin (1924-1988) was directly involved into establishment of a system of medical support for submariners in the sea and on shore, he proved the necessity of forces and means for the medical service fleet. He was a pioneer in this challenging and new field of naval medicine. His energy, perseverance and determination helped to establish in the early 1960 a system of medical support for nuclear submarines personnel, which was subsequently implemented in all associations and connections of nuclear submarines of the Northern and Pacific fleets.
PubMed ID
25804085 View in PubMed
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[Dynamics of functional status of submarine personnel during the pre-deployment period].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature260925
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2014 Sep;335(9):55-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2014
Author
Iu R Khankevich
I A Bloshchinskii
A V Val'skii
N L Nabokov
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2014 Sep;335(9):55-60
Date
Sep-2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological
Adult
Cardiovascular Physiological Processes
Electrocardiography
Health status
Humans
Male
Military Personnel
Russia
Stress, Physiological - physiology
Submarine Medicine
Abstract
Authors came to conclusions that during the pre-deployment period submarine personnel are stressed out. During this period submarine personnel .usually resupply, conduct maintenance and other monitoring-and-checkout measures, which leads to functional stress. Authors came to conclusion that it is necessary to use simple and easy, but at the same time informative methods for early diagnosis of worsen functional health status. One of these methods is evaluation of indicators of cardiovascular system. This method is a base for functional health status prophylaxis.
PubMed ID
25546968 View in PubMed
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[Epidemiology of mycoses in submariners based on the Kola Peninsula].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature183595
Source
Aviakosm Ekolog Med. 2003;37(4):23-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
I N Vakulova
I L Myznikov
G M Kutelev
N S Kopylova
Source
Aviakosm Ekolog Med. 2003;37(4):23-6
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Candidiasis, Cutaneous - diagnosis - epidemiology
Dermatomycoses - diagnosis - epidemiology
Foot Dermatoses - diagnosis - epidemiology
Humans
Military Personnel
Occupations
Onychomycosis - diagnosis - epidemiology
Russia
Submarine Medicine
Tinea - diagnosis - epidemiology
Tinea Pedis - diagnosis - epidemiology
Tinea Versicolor - diagnosis - epidemiology
Abstract
Subject of the study was spreading of mycoses in the troops based on the Kola Peninsula. Examined were the military serving on atomic submarines, maintenance crews of deactivated atomic submarines awaiting disposal, and coastal units. Spreading of skin lesions among the submariners was not same as among the coastal military. Signs of clinical mycoses were observed in 41.2% of submariners of the active unit, in 66.9% of the maintenance crews, and in 38.1% of the coastal military. Infection agents were fungi g. Candida (albicans, guilliermondii, krusei, pseudotropicalis), Epidermophytia plicarum, Ptyriasis versicolor, Trichophyton interdigitale. Among the fighters on active submarines, 53.8% of the clinical observations were accounted for onychomycosis and foot skin lesions and 38.5%--for erythema, maceration and suppuration. Among the maintenance crews 51.8% of the observations were accounted for onychomycosis and foot skin lesions and maceration; hyperkeratosis and fissures prevailed in the coastal military (31.1%). For submariners most common were Candida albicans (80.7%) and guilliermondii (11.6%), and Trichophyton interdigitale (7.7%). In the maintenance crew those were Candida albicans (84.1%) and guilliermondii (11.6%) and in the coastal military, Candida albicans (70.6%), guilliermondii (11.8%) and krusei (14.7%).
PubMed ID
14503184 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Medical-physiological characteristics of combat training of nuclear-power submarine crews].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature146631
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2009 Oct;330(10):46-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2009
Author
V V Dovgusha
I L Myznikov
S A Shalabodov
O K Bumai
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2009 Oct;330(10):46-53
Date
Oct-2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological
Disease - etiology - psychology
Health status
Humans
Male
Military Personnel - psychology
Nuclear Energy
Russia
Submarine Medicine
Abstract
The article presents an observe of general questions of peculiarities of military-professional activity of submarine staff These questions are defining value in ideology of medical supply of submarine troops of NAVY in now-days conditions. The article also presents the statistics of morbidity in long termed sails for last forty years, it's dynamics by different categories of sail staff, on different stages of combat training activity in dependence of perioditation of work cycle of submarine staff The authors have examined modern condition of medical supply of submarines; have presented statistics of quality indexes of health of submarine staff The authors have formed main problems of medical supply of submarines and have proposed ways of their solving on modern stage.
PubMed ID
20017370 View in PubMed
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25 records – page 1 of 3.