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Adaptation and analysis of psychometric features of the Caregiver Risk Screen: a tool for detecting the risk of burden in family caregivers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116528
Source
Int Psychogeriatr. 2013 May;25(5):755-64
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2013
Author
Silvia Martinez-Rodriguez
Nuria Ortiz-Marqués
Ioseba Iraurgi
María Carrasco
José J Miguel
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain. silvia.martinez@deusto.es
Source
Int Psychogeriatr. 2013 May;25(5):755-64
Date
May-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Canada
Caregivers - psychology
Cost of Illness
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Family - psychology
Female
Health status
Humans
Male
Mass Screening - instrumentation
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Psychometrics - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires - standards
Reproducibility of Results
Risk factors
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Abstract
There are a limited number of scales available in the Spanish language that can be used to detect burden among individuals who care for a dependent family member. The purpose of this work was to adapt and validate the Caregiver Risk Screen (CRS) scale developed by Guberman et al. (2001) (Guberman, N., Keefe, J., Fancey, P., Nahmiash, D. and Barylak, L. (2001). Development of Screening and Assessment Tools for Family Caregivers: Final Report. Montreal, Canada: Health Transition Fund).
The sample was made up of 302 informal caregivers of dependent family members (average age 57.3 years, and 78.9% were women). Scale structure was subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis. Concurrent and convergent validity were assessed by correlation with validated questionnaires for measuring burden (Zarit Burden Inventory (ZBI)) and psychological health (SCL-90-R).
The results show a high level of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.86), suitable fit of the one-dimensional model tested via confirmatory factor analysis (GFI = 0.91; CFI = 0.91; RMSEA = 0.097), and appropriate convergent validity with similar constructs (r = 0.77 with ZBI; and r-values between 0.45 and 0.63 with SCL-90-R dimensions).
The findings are promising in terms of their adaptation of the CRS to Spanish, and the results enable us to draw the conclusion that the CRS is a suitable tool for assessing and detecting strain in family caregivers. Nevertheless, new research is required that explores all the psychometric features on the scale.
PubMed ID
23388522 View in PubMed
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Appraisals of stress in child-rearing in Swedish mothers pre-schoolers with ADHD. A questionnaire study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature31274
Source
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002 Aug;11(4):185-95
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2002
Author
Christina Kadesjö
Hans Stenlund
Paul Wels
Christopher Gillberg
Bruno Hägglöf
Author Affiliation
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Umeå, Sweden. kadesjo@telia.com
Source
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002 Aug;11(4):185-95
Date
Aug-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity - psychology
Child
Child Rearing - psychology
Child, Preschool
Comparative Study
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Male
Mothers - psychology
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
Dutch self-report questionnaire for measuring parental: i) subjective stress, ii) global appraisal of the child-rearing situation, iii) attribution of child-rearing outcomes, and iv) expectation for help was translated into Swedish and applied to mothers of two groups of 3- to 7-year-olds: one with DSM-IV ADHD (n = 131) and one without DSM-IV ADHD (n = 131). The suggested factor structure of the original Dutch report was tested with confirmatory analysis on data from the mothers of children with ADHD [131]. There was no perfect fit to the data, but close enough to judge the factors as applicable to this sample. Factor reliability testing was performed. Results indicated good psychometric properties. Highly significant differences on all the measures in the four different sections (i) through (iv) were found between the ADHD group and the comparison group. The questionnaire is suggested to be useful in clinical work and research projects on problematic child-rearing situations.
PubMed ID
12444428 View in PubMed
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Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Danish consensus version of the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature273384
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2015 Sep 1;41(5):486-90
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-1-2015
Author
Anita Eskildsen
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard
Kent Jacob Nielsen
Johan Hviid Andersen
Robert Zachariae
Lis Raabæk Olsen
Anders Jørgensen
David Høyrup Christiansen
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2015 Sep 1;41(5):486-90
Date
Sep-1-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cultural Competency
Denmark
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - diagnosis
Occupational Health
Perception
Psychometrics
ROC Curve
Reproducibility of Results
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
The aims of the present study were to (i) cross-culturally adapt a Danish consensus version of the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and (ii) evaluate its psychometric properties in terms of agreement, reliability, validity, responsiveness, and interpretability among patients with work-related stress complaints.
A consensus-building process was performed involving the authors of the three previous Danish translations and the consensus version was back-translated into English and pilot-tested. Psychometric properties of the final version were examined in a sample of 64 patients with work-related stress complaints.
The face validity, reliability, and internal consistency of the Danish consensus version of the PSS-10 were satisfactory, and convergent construct validity was confirmed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of the change scores showed that the ability of the PSS-10 to correctly classify patients as improved or unchanged according to the patients' own judgment was acceptable. The estimates of minimal clinically important change were 11 points and 28% for absolute and relative change scores, respectively.
The Danish consensus version of the PSS-10 appears to be feasible for use in clinical research settings and has good psychometric properties in terms of agreement, reliability, validity, responsiveness, and interpretability.
PubMed ID
26111225 View in PubMed
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The effect of the work environment and performance-based self-esteem on cognitive stress symptoms among Danish knowledge workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature138221
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2010 Feb;38(3 Suppl):81-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2010
Author
Karen Albertsen
Reiner Rugulies
Anne Helene Garde
Hermann Burr
Author Affiliation
National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark. kal@nrcwe.dk
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2010 Feb;38(3 Suppl):81-9
Date
Feb-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cognition
Cohort Studies
Conflict (Psychology)
Denmark
Female
Humans
Knowledge Management
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Health
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Self Concept
Social Support
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Workload - psychology
Workplace - psychology
Abstract
Interpersonal relations at work as well as individual factors seem to play prominent roles in the modern labour market, and arguably also for the change in stress symptoms. The aim was to examine whether exposures in the psychosocial work environment predicted symptoms of cognitive stress in a sample of Danish knowledge workers (i.e. employees working with sign, communication or exchange of knowledge) and whether performance-based self-esteem had a main effect, over and above the work environmental factors.
349 knowledge workers, selected from a national, representative cohort study, were followed up with two data collections, 12 months apart. We used data on psychosocial work environment factors and cognitive stress symptoms measured with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), and a measurement of performance-based self-esteem. Effects on cognitive stress symptoms were analyzed with a GLM procedure with and without adjustment for baseline level.
Measures at baseline of quantitative demands, role conflicts, lack of role clarity, recognition, predictability, influence and social support from management were positively associated with cognitive stress symptoms 12 months later. After adjustment for baseline level of cognitive stress symptoms, follow-up level was only predicted by lack of predictability. Performance-based self-esteem was prospectively associated with cognitive stress symptoms and had an independent effect above the psychosocial work environment factors on the level of and changes in cognitive stress symptoms.
The results suggest that both work environmental and individual characteristics should be taken into account in order to capture sources of stress in modern working life.
PubMed ID
21172774 View in PubMed
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[Evaluation of health harm severity in psychogenic psychiatric disorders in victims of sexual offence].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature148445
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2009 Jul-Aug;52(4):11-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
E Iu Iakovleva
Source
Sud Med Ekspert. 2009 Jul-Aug;52(4):11-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Child Abuse, Sexual - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology
Child, Preschool
Crime Victims - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology
Expert Testimony
Female
Forensic Psychiatry - legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Mental Disorders - diagnosis - psychology
Russia
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Offenses - legislation & jurisprudence
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Abstract
The notion of 'psychic trauma" is defined. Medical criteria and characteristic clinical manifestations are discussed that may be used for expert estimation of the degree of health hazard in the form of psychogenic psychic disorder. It is shown that they are applicable to the evaluation of the consequences of a psychic trauma as exemplified by the results of forensic psychiatric expert examination of sexual offence victims carried out at V.P. Serbsky Research Centre of Social and Forensic Psychiatry by clinical and psychopathological methods.
PubMed ID
19769309 View in PubMed
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Evaluation of the Norwegian version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-N): factorial validity across samples.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131732
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2011 Dec;52(6):601-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2011
Author
Unni K Moksnes
Geir A Espnes
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Nursing, Sør-Trøndelag University College, Trondheim, Norway. unni.moksnes@svt.ntnu.no
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2011 Dec;52(6):601-8
Date
Dec-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Anxiety - diagnosis - psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression - diagnosis - psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Norway
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Self Concept
Sex Factors
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Abstract
In spite of the potential significance of stressors, the past decades have yielded only limited and incremental progress in the field of the development of valid and reliable stress inventories for adolescents. The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-N) was developed to address the domain of stressors specific to adolescent experience. The present study reports an evaluation of factorial validity, as well as the construct validity of the Norwegian version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-N) across two samples, with the use of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Gender and age differences on the ASQ-N sub-dimensions are also evaluated. The CFA supported a seven-factor structure, where all sub-dimensions showed adequate internal consistency. The sub-dimensions were correlated positively with measures of depression and anxiety, and were correlated negatively with self-esteem, supporting the construct validity of the ASQ-N. Significant gender differences in self-reported adolescent stress were found in five of the seven scales, where girls had higher mean scores than boys. The correlation between each stress scale and age was weak, with significant correlations found in four of the seven scales. It is suggested that the ASQ-N is a measure of adolescent stress that is adequate for the research context, as well as for clinical investigation.
PubMed ID
21883256 View in PubMed
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Factor analysis of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form with parents of young children with autism spectrum disorders.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131738
Source
Autism Res. 2011 Oct;4(5):336-46
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2011
Author
Anat Zaidman-Zait
Pat Mirenda
Bruno D Zumbo
Stelios Georgiades
Peter Szatmari
Susan Bryson
Eric Fombonne
Wendy Roberts
Isabel Smith
Tracy Vaillancourt
Joanne Volden
Charlotte Waddell
Lonnie Zwaigenbaum
Eric Duku
Ann Thompson
Author Affiliation
University of British Columbia, Vancouver. anat.zaidman@ubc.ca
Source
Autism Res. 2011 Oct;4(5):336-46
Date
Oct-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Canada
Child
Child Behavior - psychology
Child Development Disorders, Pervasive - psychology
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Infant
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Parent-Child Relations
Parenting - psychology
Parents - psychology
Psychometrics
Questionnaires
Severity of Illness Index
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Young Adult
Abstract
The primary purpose of this study was to examine the underlying factor structure of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) in a large cohort of parents of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A secondary goal was to examine relationships between PSI-SF factors and autism severity, child behavior problems, and parental mental health variables that have been shown to be related to parental stress in previous research. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the three-factor structure described in the PSI-SF manual [Abidin, 1995]: parental distress, parent-child dysfunctional interaction, and difficult child. Results of the CFA indicated that the three-factor structure was unacceptable when applied to the study sample. Thus, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted and suggested a six-factor model as the best alternative for the PSI-SF index. Spearman's correlations revealed significant positive correlations with moderate to large effect sizes between the revised PSI-SF factors and autism severity, externalizing and internalizing child behaviors, and an index of parent mental health. The revised factors represent more narrowly defined aspects of the three original subscales of the PSI-SF and might prove to be advantageous in both research and clinical applications. Autism Res 2011,4:336-346. © 2011 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
PubMed ID
21882359 View in PubMed
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Gender differences in the relationship between school problems, school class context and psychological distress: results from the Young-HUNT 3 study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature259173
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2014 Feb;49(2):183-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2014
Author
Joakim D Dalen
Source
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2014 Feb;49(2):183-91
Date
Feb-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Achievement
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Male
Norway
Peer Group
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Schools
Sex Characteristics
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Students - psychology
Abstract
Few studies have examined the relationship between shared school classroom environment and psychological distress. The aim of this study is to investigate whether there are gender differences in the clustering of psychological distress within school classes as well as to assess individual and contextual effects of school problems.
Data were obtained from the Young-HUNT 3 study (2006-2008), a population study of adolescents attending school in the Norwegian county of Nord-Trøndelag. A total of 6,379 pupils were analysed using multilevel models.
The results suggest that the amount of variation in psychological distress attributable to school class context was higher among girls (4.5%) compared to boys (1.0%). Furthermore, individual school problems were associated with psychological distress for both genders, although the effects were greater for girls. The effects of school class variables were limited for both genders, although gender composition was associated with higher levels of psychological distress among girls.
This study suggests that researchers should account for possible gender differences when examining the association between classroom environment and psychological distress.
PubMed ID
23912194 View in PubMed
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Immigrant girls perceive less stress.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature93231
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2008 Jul;97(7):889-93
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2008
Author
Lindblad F.
Backman L.
Akerstedt T.
Author Affiliation
Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. frank.lindblad@stressforskning.su.se
Source
Acta Paediatr. 2008 Jul;97(7):889-93
Date
Jul-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Emigrants and Immigrants - psychology
Female
Humans
Questionnaires
Stress, Psychological - diagnosis - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
AIM: To develop a new stress scale and use it for investigating impact of ethnicity on perception of stress. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One thousand one hundred and twenty-four students (grades 6-9) from 14 schools filled in a questionnaire at school with questions about age, sex, use of language at home (proxy for cultural background), stress and stressors. Factor analysis and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Two-stress dimensions were identified, 'pressure'(7 items, Cronbach's alpha 0.862) and 'activation'(4 items, Cronbach's alpha 0.767). Scores on the two scales and a separate 'stress' item were higher in girls and increased with grade. Use of another language than Swedish at home showed a significant effect only for activation, with lower scores in girls. The interaction effect between sex and language was significant for all variables and was due mainly to lower stress in girls using another language than Swedish at home. CONCLUSION: This new stress scale has some promising qualities like a condensed format, basis in a specific stress concept and formulated to be as age and culture independent as possible. Immigrant girls seem to perceive less stress than Swedish born girls, which opens up for questions about protective mechanisms.
PubMed ID
18460041 View in PubMed
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25 records – page 1 of 3.