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337 records – page 1 of 34.

Accessibility effects on implicit social cognition: the role of knowledge activation and retrieval experiences.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature171536
Source
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2005 Nov;89(5):672-85
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2005
Author
Bertram Gawronski
Galen V Bodenhausen
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada. bgawrons@uwo.ca
Source
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2005 Nov;89(5):672-85
Date
Nov-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
African Americans
Analysis of Variance
Association
Cognition
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Humans
Judgment
Male
Memory
Ontario
Psychological Theory
Race Relations
Reaction Time
Semantics
Social Perception
Stereotyping
United States
Abstract
Performance on measures of implicit social cognition has been shown to vary as a function of the momentary accessibility of relevant information. The present research investigated the mechanisms underlying accessibility effects of self-generated information on implicit measures. Results from 3 experiments demonstrate that measures based on response compatibility processes (e.g., Implicit Association Test, affective priming with an evaluative decision task) are influenced by subjective feelings pertaining to the ease of retrieving relevant information from memory, whereas measures based on stimulus compatibility processes (e.g., semantic priming with a lexical-decision task) are influenced by direct knowledge activation in associative memory. These results indicate that the mediating mechanisms underlying context effects on implicit measures can differ as a function of the task even when these tasks show similar effects on a superficial level. Implications for research on implicit social cognition and the ease-of-retrieval effect are discussed.
PubMed ID
16351361 View in PubMed
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Accessing health services while living with HIV: intersections of stigma.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature147943
Source
Can J Nurs Res. 2009 Sep;41(3):168-85
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2009
Author
Judy Mill
Nancy Edwards
Randy Jackson
Wendy Austin
Lynne MacLean
Frances Reintjes
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Source
Can J Nurs Res. 2009 Sep;41(3):168-85
Date
Sep-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Focus Groups
HIV Infections - psychology - therapy
Health Services Accessibility
Humans
Stereotyping
Abstract
AIDS stigma has serious consequences. This study explored those practices within health-care organizations that persons with HIV perceive as stigmatizing. It used an exploratory, descriptive design using a participatory action research approach. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with 16 Aboriginal and 17 non-Aboriginal persons living with HIV as well as with 27 health-care providers. The AIDS stigma perceived by many participants often intersected with other forms of stigma, related to behaviour, culture, gender, sexual orientation, or social class. In addition, policies at the organizational level contributed to AIDS stigma and at times intersected with stigma at the individual level. Participants' experiences of stigma and discrimination were shaped by the organizational policies (universal precautions, models of care) and design (physical layout) under which care was provided. Several paradoxes associated with secrecy, health-care settings, and the layering of stigma emerged in the reported experiences.
PubMed ID
19831060 View in PubMed
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Accuracy, consensus, in-group bias, and cultural frame shifting in the context of national character stereotypes.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104583
Source
J Soc Psychol. 2014 Jan-Feb;154(1):40-58
Publication Type
Article
Author
Jan-Erik Lönnqvist
Kenn Konstabel
Nellystiina Lönnqvist
Markku Verkasalo
Source
J Soc Psychol. 2014 Jan-Feb;154(1):40-58
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Character
Consensus
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Culture
Ethnic Groups
Female
Finland
Group Processes
Humans
Male
Multilingualism
Prejudice - psychology
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Stereotyping
Students - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
We examined Finns' and bilingual Swedish-Finns' stereotypes regarding personality differences between Finns and Swedish-Finns and compared them with their respective self-ratings. Stereotype ratings by both groups converged on depicting Swedish-Finns as having a more desirable personality. In-group bias also influenced stereotypes. Contrary to predictions based on the Stereotype Content Model, out-group stereotypes were not compensatory. Consistent with the kernel of truth hypothesis of national stereotypes, Swedish-Finns' aggregate self-ratings resembled their stereotype of personality differences between the two groups, and their personality self-ratings were more desirable than Finns' self-ratings. Tentatively suggesting the occurrence of cultural frame shifting, the resemblance between Swedish-Finns' self-ratings and their stereotype of Swedish-Finns was, although only marginally statistically significantly, somewhat stronger when the self-ratings were provided in Swedish.
PubMed ID
24689336 View in PubMed
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Addiction is a disease: we must change our attitudes toward addicts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature128919
Source
CMAJ. 2012 Feb 7;184(2):155
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-7-2012
Author
Matthew B Stanbrook
Source
CMAJ. 2012 Feb 7;184(2):155
Date
Feb-7-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel
Canada
Drug Users - psychology
Humans
Stereotyping
Substance-Related Disorders - psychology
Notes
Cites: Clin Neuropharmacol. 2009 Sep-Oct;32(5):269-7619834992
Cites: CMAJ. 2011 Dec 13;183(18):E1334-4422042991
Cites: CMAJ. 2011 Dec 13;183(18):2085-622042997
Comment In: CMAJ. 2012 Sep 18;184(13):149922988291
Comment In: CMAJ. 2012 Apr 3;184(6):67922473931
PubMed ID
22158399 View in PubMed
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[Adolescents denied HIV testing at adolescent health centers. Lack of knowledge and interest according to a study with simulated client study].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature124104
Source
Lakartidningen. 2012 Mar 21-27;109(12):625-8
Publication Type
Article

Ageism, age relations, and garment industry work in Montreal.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature195607
Source
Gerontologist. 2001 Feb;41(1):111-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2001
Author
J A McMullin
V W Marshall
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. mcmullin@julian.uwo.ca
Source
Gerontologist. 2001 Feb;41(1):111-22
Date
Feb-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Factors
Emigration and Immigration
Female
Focus Groups
Humans
Industry - economics - manpower
Male
Middle Aged
Personnel Management
Prejudice
Quebec
Retirement
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Sex Factors
Stereotyping
Abstract
This study examined the complexities of age relations at work. Garment workers believed that their fate was linked to ageism and that their work experience was discounted by management. Managers wanted to be rid of older workers because they commanded higher wages than younger workers. The issue was cost reduction, and age was implicated unintendedly. Still, managers seemed to use stereotypical images to discourage older workers and they did not organize work routines to facilitate the adaptation of them. Instead, they subcontracted the easy jobs, relying on the experience of the older employees for difficult work while not adapting the workplace. Theoretically, the authors argue that ageism and age discrimination can best be understood through a recognition of the importance of structured age relations and human agency.
PubMed ID
11220808 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Can J Public Health. 1997 Sep-Oct;88(5):293-6
Publication Type
Article

Aging: It's Interpersonal! Reflections From Two Life Course Migrants.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature284172
Source
Gerontologist. 2017 Feb;57(1):136-144
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2017
Author
Gunhild O Hagestad
Richard A Settersten
Source
Gerontologist. 2017 Feb;57(1):136-144
Date
Feb-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aging
Family
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Norway
Stereotyping
Transients and Migrants - history
United States
Abstract
We start with the observation that aging gerontologists often engage in two distinct discourses on aging-one public and one private. This separation entails "othering," which reproduces agism and stigma. Based on personal experience, insight from colleagues and writers, and concepts from symbolic interaction perspectives, we argue that becoming old to some degree involves becoming a stranger. Before reaching old age, both of us have been in the position of strangers due to social experiences that left us "off the line" or "on the margins." Examples are crossing social borders related to nations, class structures, gender, race, health status, and generations. Our stories illustrate how aging is more than personal. It is interpersonal-shaped by social history, policies, interdependence in relationships, and the precariousness of old age. Such phenomena often show sharp contrasts in the interpersonal worlds and social experiences of women and men. Reflecting on our own journeys as life course migrants leaves us acutely aware of both the social problems and potential promises of aging.
PubMed ID
27605328 View in PubMed
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337 records – page 1 of 34.