In a long-term series analysis the study had the aim of detecting how the used socioeconomic variables were related to the caries status development in the year group leaving the organised dental care. The study included caries epidemiological records of individuals at the Public Dental Service of Göteborg, leaving the organised dental care during 1986-2000. The City of Göteborg was divided into four districts. One incidence and one prevalence caries index was used, each presented in two subgroups: individuals with no caries record and patients with 20% of the highest index values. The socio-economical variable was individuals 18-64 years of age, seeking employment, as a percentage of the corresponding group of all inhabitants. The registered values were divided into three time sections of five years each. In the first, the socio-economic value curves were almost horizontal, in the second they showed a considerable increasing and in the third a declining tendency. The result curves for the caries-free patient groups and for patients with 20% of the highest caries index values compared to the three socioeconomical time sector results, showed an almost horizontal level concerning the incidence index values, and for the prevalence index values an inclined curve structure to the incidence curves. The result curves for the incidence index with respect to the caries-free patient group showed an almost horizontal structure, while the prevalence curves inclined towards the incidence curves during the study period. The linear structure of these curves deviated considerably from the result curves for the socio-economic time series. No correlation existed between the socio-economic data and the studied caries index values. The need for determining the time length concerning caries index observations was discussed. It must be of special interest to maintain the dental health of the studied patient group and the individuals' relation to regular dental care, when as adults they meet the dental care economy.
It is interesting and often useful to compare and contrast individuals from different countries who decide on careers in dentistry. Such data can help provide a broadened perspective from which inferences about future patterns of specialization and distribution of manpower in America may be made. This study compares the backgrounds and plans for dental practice of dental students in the United States and Sweden. The similarities that American and Swedish dental students share relate to strong parental influence, time of decision to attend dental school, origins in urbanized areas, interest in direct patient care, uncertainty about specialty training, and a lack of prior health-related experience among males in both countries. The differences in the dental students of the two nations are more pervasive and may be explained in part by the ways the two countries have organized and financed dental education and dental care.
Since 1973, Alberta's dental plan for the elderly has made government-sponsored, premium-free comprehensive care by dentists and denturists available to all residents of the province over age 64. Details on the numbers and types of different services provided were previously unavailable from the annual reports. However, an examination of the plan's six-million records, covering nearly 260,000 different patients from 1978 to 1992, has now made it possible, for the first time, to conduct a detailed analysis of these dental services. Many time-related changes have occurred in the types of services provided. The number of removable prosthodontic services declined from 14 per cent of all services offered by dentists in 1978-79 to five per cent of these services in 1991-1992, but the services provided by denturists increased by a factor of four. The relative number of surgical and restorative dentistry services offered by dentists also declined. Preventive services grew modestly, but periodontal services grew dramatically from three per cent of all services provided by dentists to 22 per cent. These shifts in services from prosthodontics, restorative dentistry and oral surgery to preventive and periodontic services have important implications for the planning and administration of dental plans for the elderly.
To evaluate the longitudinal utilization of Alberta's Extended Health Benefits dental plan for the elderly, its use over the preceding 13 years by patients over age 64, who had used the plan in 1991-92, was examined. Of these 96,596 patients, over half (56 per cent) were female and about two-thirds (68 per cent) received their dental care from a dentist only. However, for the older elderly and for those living outside Calgary and Edmonton, the percentage attending a denturist only or both a denturist and a dentist was greater. Only individuals over age 77, or about 20 per cent of plan participants in 1991-92, were eligible to use the plan over the entire 14-year period examined in this study. However, the regularity of previous annual utilization of the plan was high. About 60 per cent of 70-74 year olds had used the plan for five or more years, while close to 50 per cent of the 80-84 year olds--who were eligible to use the plan for the entire period of the study--had done so in eight or more of the previous 14 years. Despite varying plan eligibility according to patient age, the 96,596 patients who used the plan over the 14-year period made nearly 1.2-million patient visits, at which they received about 3.1-million dental services. The high continuity of annual usage demonstrates that this group is not under-utilizing dental services.
This paper aims to describe the cultural and communicational traits of Finnish oral health care. First, employees' views and experiences regarding their organization and their position within it are investigated and, second, relations between different individual and organizational factors are analyzed. Finally, a conceptual framework of organizational coherence is constructed.
The paper shows that data collection (n = 58, 84 percent response rate) was carried out in 2002 at a Finnish dental clinic by using a semi-structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed statistically by using, among other things, non-parametric tests and a structural equation model (LISREL) and qualitatively by using content analysis.
The paper finds that the organization was described as role-dependent and task-centered. Unidirectional chain of communication and responsibility for interaction were observed as the descriptive traits of communication, regardless of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the communication. Developmental challenges involved opportunities to exert influence in the organization as well as giving and receiving feedback in leadership relations. It was found that a good sense of one's position in the organization was positively associated with several essential experiences (e.g. confidence, openness and equality), regarding organizational factors.
It appears in this paper likely that, by adopting the perspective of organizational coherence, it will be possible to approach the reality of an oral health care organization. As such a new and informative perspective is added.
Orientation to priority utilization of economic and medical legal approaches to reformation of dental service is an obligatory condition for effective solution of the problems of Russian dentistry. The priority tasks are: creation of economic and legal models of a dental profession and improvement of its normative and legal basis; development and realization of general Russian and regional programs of transformation of state dental centers into other than state ones and privatization of dental institutions; practical reformation of economic mechanisms of dental service; development of methods for state regulation of dental activities during the transition period; determination of directions and choice of social measures to modify dentistry service; creation of a system of guarantee of high quality of dental care; improvement of legally-based professional protection of dentists.
To document deep carious lesions and other consequences of caries (DCL-CC) in molars of 18-year olds leaving the free-of-charge Public Dental Health Service (PDHS). To explore the association between background factors and DCL-CC.
The final study sample (n=1876) comprised 95% of individuals born in 1993 and registered in the PDHS in Troms County, Northern Norway. The most recent digital bitewing radiographs of each subject were examined for DCL-CC (deep untreated carious lesions, deep restorations, root canal obturations or extractions due to caries). Inter- and intra-observer kappa scores were 0.62 and 0.87, respectively. Information on background factors (gender, clinic location, history of medical problems, bitewing examination interval, DMFT score and planned recalls) were retrieved from dental records.
About one-quarter of subjects (488) had at least one molar with DCL-CC. There were 848 molars in total with DCL-CC; the majority were deep restorations (70%), but 4% were deep untreated carious lesions. More than a quarter of DCL-CC were either root canal obturations (14%) or extractions (12%). Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that a 1-unit increase in DMFT score was associated with deep untreated carious lesions and extractions due to caries. There was no association between urban/rural clinic location, which indicated socio-economic status, and either DMFT score or DCL-CC.
Despite the existence of a free-of-charge dental service, more than one-quarter of the subjects in the present study had at least one molar with DCL-CC.