Skip header and navigation

Refine By

1005 records – page 1 of 101.

2nd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Copenhagen, Denmark, 20-23 August 1997. Abstracts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature49989
Source
J Sports Sci. 1998 Jul;16(5):387-527
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Date
Jul-1998
Source
J Sports Sci. 1998 Jul;16(5):387-527
Date
Jul-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Article
Keywords
Animals
Exercise
Humans
Physical Conditioning, Animal
Physical Fitness
Sports
PubMed ID
10333867 View in PubMed
Less detail

Abnormal hematologic profiles in elite cross-country skiers: blood doping or?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature71327
Source
Clin J Sport Med. 2003 May;13(3):132-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2003
Author
James Stray-Gundersen
Tapio Videman
Ilkka Penttilä
Inggard Lereim
Author Affiliation
jimsg@singlepoint.net
Source
Clin J Sport Med. 2003 May;13(3):132-7
Date
May-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Doping in Sports - statistics & numerical data
Erythrocyte Indices - drug effects
Erythropoiesis - drug effects - physiology
Female
Hemoglobins - analysis
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Reticulocyte Count
Skiing - physiology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: There is widespread public concern about fairness in sports. Blood doping undermines fairness and places athletes' health at risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of abnormal hematologic profiles in elite cross-country skiers, which may indicate a high probability of blood doping. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Samples were obtained as part of routine International Ski Federation blood testing procedures from participants at the World Ski Championships. Sixty-eight percent of all skiers and 92% of those finishing in the top 10 places were tested. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Using flow cytometry, we analyzed erythrocyte and reticulocyte indices. Reference values were from the 1989 Nordic Ski World Championships data set and the International Olympic Committee Erythropoietin 2000 project. RESULTS: Of the skiers tested and finishing within the top 50 places in the competitions, 17% had "highly abnormal" hematologic profiles, 19% had "abnormal" values, and 64% were normal. Fifty percent of medal winners and 33% of those finishing from 4th to 10th place had highly abnormal hematologic profiles. In contrast, only 3% of skiers finishing from 41st to 50th place had highly abnormal values. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that blood doping is both prevalent and effective in cross-country ski racing, and current testing programs for blood doping are ineffective. It is unlikely that blood doping is less common in other endurance sports. Ramifications of doping affect not only elite athletes who may feel compelled to risk their health but also the general population, particularly young people.
PubMed ID
12792206 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Abuse of doping preparations outside organized sports. A new challenge for health care].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature218841
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1994 Feb 10;114(4):424-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-10-1994
Author
E. Haug
Author Affiliation
Hormonlaboratoriet Aker sykehus, Oslo.
Source
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 1994 Feb 10;114(4):424-5
Date
Feb-10-1994
Language
Norwegian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anabolic Agents - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Doping in Sports
Drug Prescriptions
Drug and Narcotic Control
Growth Hormone - administration & dosage - adverse effects
Humans
Norway
Physician's Role
Risk factors
PubMed ID
8009474 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Accidents among children riding bicycles]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38388
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1988 Oct 3;150(40):2386-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-3-1988

[Accidents caused by winter sports. Injuries and occurrence]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature39288
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1986 Feb 17;148(8):480-1
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-17-1986

Acculturation in elite sport: a thematic analysis of immigrant athletes and coaches.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113774
Source
J Sports Sci. 2013;31(15):1676-86
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Robert Joel Schinke
Kerry R McGannon
Randy Cesar Battochio
Greg D Wells
Author Affiliation
a Laurentian University , School of Human Kinetics , B241 Ben Avery Building, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury , Ontario , P3E2C6 Canada.
Source
J Sports Sci. 2013;31(15):1676-86
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acculturation
Adolescent
Adult
Athletes
Canada
Culture
Emigrants and Immigrants
Emigration and Immigration
Female
Humans
Male
Residence Characteristics
Sports
Young Adult
Abstract
To identify key issues concerning the acculturation of immigrant athletes in sport psychology, a thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2006) was conducted on focus group interview data from immigrant elite athletes relocated to Canada (n = 13) and coaches working with such athletes (n = 10). Two central themes were identified: (a) navigating two world views which referred to acculturation as a fluid process where athletes navigated between cultural norms of the home community and the host community, and (b) acculturation loads, which referred to whether immigrants and those in the host country shared acculturation (i.e., acculturation as a two-way process) or managed the load with or without support from others (i.e., acculturation as one-directional). Each of these central themes comprised sub-themes, which provided further insight into the experiences of acculturation for immigrant elite athletes. From the project, the authors recommend further research utilising case studies to provide a holistic description of the acculturation process from the vantage of various people within the sport context.
PubMed ID
23688005 View in PubMed
Less detail

Accumulation of lead (Pb) in brown trout (Salmo trutta) from a lake downstream a former shooting range.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature279581
Source
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017 Jan;135:327-336
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2017
Author
Espen Mariussen
Lene Sørlie Heier
Hans Christian Teien
Marit Nandrup Pettersen
Tor Fredrik Holth
Brit Salbu
Bjørn Olav Rosseland
Source
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2017 Jan;135:327-336
Date
Jan-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Antimony - analysis
Bone and Bones - chemistry
Copper - analysis
Firearms
Geologic Sediments - analysis
Gills - chemistry
Kidney - chemistry
Lakes
Lead - analysis
Norway
Sports
Trout - blood - metabolism
Water Pollutants, Chemical - analysis
Zinc - analysis
Zygote - chemistry - drug effects
Abstract
An environmental survey was performed in Lake Kyrtj?nn, a small lake within an abandoned shooting range in the south of Norway. In Lake Kyrtj?nn the total water concentrations of Pb (14?g/L), Cu (6.1?g/L) and Sb (1.3?g/L) were elevated compared to the nearby reference Lake Stitj?nn, where the total concentrations of Pb, Cu and Sb were 0.76, 1.8 and 0.12?g/L, respectively. Brown trout (Salmo trutta) from Lake Kyrtj?nn had very high levels of Pb in bone (104mg/kg w.w.), kidney (161mg/kg w.w.) and the gills (137mg/kg d.w), and a strong inhibition of the ALA-D enzyme activity were observed in the blood (24% of control). Dry fertilized brown trout eggs were placed in the small outlet streams from Lake Kyrtj?nn and the reference lake for 6 months, and the concentrations of Pb and Cu in eggs from the Lake Kyrtj?nn stream were significantly higher than in eggs from the reference. More than 90% of Pb accumulated in the egg shell, whereas more than 80% of the Cu and Zn accumulated in the egg interior. Pb in the lake sediments was elevated in the upper 2-5cm layer (410-2700mg/kg d.w), and was predominantly associated with redox sensitive fractions (e.g., organic materials, hydroxides) indicating low potential mobility and bioavailability of the deposited Pb. Only minor amounts of Cu and Sb were deposited in the sediments. The present work showed that the adult brown trout, as well as fertilized eggs and alevins, may be subjected to increased stress due to chronic exposure to Pb, whereas exposure to Cu, Zn and Sb were of less importance.
PubMed ID
27770648 View in PubMed
Less detail

Active or passive journeys and low back pain in adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature49730
Source
Eur Spine J. 2003 Dec;12(6):581-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2003
Author
Astrid N Sjolie
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway. asjolie@hotmail.com
Source
Eur Spine J. 2003 Dec;12(6):581-8
Date
Dec-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living - psychology
Adolescent
Automobiles - statistics & numerical data
Bicycling - physiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise - physiology
Female
Humans
Low Back Pain - epidemiology - etiology - physiopathology
Male
Norway
Physical Fitness - physiology
Quality of Life - psychology
Questionnaires
Risk factors
Sports - physiology
Vibration - adverse effects
Walking - physiology
Abstract
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to study associations between low back pain (LBP) and modes of transport to school and leisure activities among adolescents. The study population included all adolescents in eighth and ninth grade in two geographic areas in eastern Norway. Eighty-eight adolescents participated (mean age 14.7 years), making the response rate 84%. Data concerning active (walking/bicycling) and passive (bus/car) journeys were obtained from lists and maps from local authorities, and from the pupils, using a questionnaire that also included LBP, activities and wellbeing. Distance walked/bicycled to school was slightly shorter among those reporting LBP in bivariate analyses. Walking/bicycling more than 8 km weekly to regular activities was inversely associated with LBP in multivariate analysis (OR 0.3; 95% confidence interval 0.1-1.0). No associations were found between passive journeys and LBP. The results raise the question for future research of whether lack of active transport may be one cause behind the increase in juvenile LBP.
PubMed ID
12928857 View in PubMed
Less detail

Active spirit, active history: A culture of sports, activity and well-being among BC First Nations

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature100784
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Date
2010
  1 website  
Author
First Nations Health Council
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Canada
Publication Type
Book/Book Chapter
Keywords
First Nations
Health
Physical activity
Recreation
Sports
Well-being
Abstract
The First Nations Health Council created this book to collect the stories from First Nations people who have triumphed, mentored, or lead in traditional and non-traditional sports, recreation, fitness, or physical activity. The stories are heartwarming and honest, and are told with pride and triumph. Being physically active brings success over so many challenges and each story is valuable for it reflects our nature to be strong, endure, and to respect others, ourselves and the land.
Online Resources
Less detail

Acute and overuse injuries among sports club members and non-members: the Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club (FHPSC) study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299711
Source
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Jan 19; 20(1):32
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Date
Jan-19-2019
Author
L Ristolainen
K Toivo
J Parkkari
S Kokko
L Alanko
O J Heinonen
R Korpelainen
K Savonen
H Selänne
T Vasankari
L Kannas
J Villberg
U M Kujala
Author Affiliation
Orton Orthopaedic Hospital, Orton, Helsinki, Finland. leena.ristolainen@hotmail.fi.
Source
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2019 Jan 19; 20(1):32
Date
Jan-19-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Adolescent
Athletic Injuries - diagnosis - epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Cumulative Trauma Disorders - diagnosis - epidemiology
Exercise - physiology
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Health Promotion - methods
Humans
Male
Risk factors
Sports - physiology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
Physical activity in adolescence is promoted for its multi-dimensional health benefits. However, too intensive sports participation is associated with an increased injury risk. Our aim was to compare the occurrence of acute and overuse injuries in Finnish sports club members and non-members and to report training and competing habits associated with a higher injury risk in sports club members.
In this cross-sectional survey targeted at 14-16-year-old adolescents, a structured questionnaire was completed by 1077 sports club members and 812 non-members. The main outcome measures were self-reported acute and overuse injuries, their location and type.
At least one acute injury in the past year was reported by 44.0% of sports club members and 19.8% of non-members (P?
PubMed ID
30660197 View in PubMed
Less detail

1005 records – page 1 of 101.