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Identity status measurement across contexts: variations in measurement structure and mean levels among White American, Hispanic American, and Swedish emerging adults.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82849
Source
J Pers Assess. 2006 Feb;86(1):61-76
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Schwartz Seth J
Adamson Lena
Ferrer-Wreder Laura
Dillon Frank R
Berman Steven L
Author Affiliation
Center for Family Studies, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami, FL 33136, USA. SSchwartz@med.miami.edu
Source
J Pers Assess. 2006 Feb;86(1):61-76
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Ethnic Groups
Female
Humans
Male
Psychometrics - instrumentation
Questionnaires - standards
Social Identification
Sweden
United States
Abstract
We conducted this study to examine measurement equivalence and mean differences in identity status across 3 ethnic/cultural contexts: White American, Hispanic American, and Swedish. We used the Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status II (EOM-EIS-II; Bennion & Adams, 1986), a commonly used instrument in the identity status literature. We conducted analyses to ascertain the extent to which the EOM-EIS-II functioned equivalently in 3 ethnically/culturally different samples. The internal structure of the measure was consistent across contexts. When we statistically controlled effects of age and gender, mean differences tended to be largely cross-cultural at the observed level of analysis but to be both cross-ethnic and cross-cultural at the latent level of analysis. This divergence in findings was found despite the limited age range represented in each of the samples. We therefore concluded that measurement error may have played a role in these differences and that data gathered using the EOM-EIS-II should be analyzed using latent variable methods. We discuss results in terms of using the EOM-EIS-II with diverse populations.
PubMed ID
16436021 View in PubMed
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