A study was made on the moisture-exuding function of the lungs in healthy persons who smoke and in patients with different forms of tuberculosis, who abuse and do not abuse alcohol. It has been ascertained that the moisture-exuding function of the lungs is time-related, dynamic and changeable, and dependent upon certain environmental factors. Smoking and alcohol enhance the moisture-exuding function of the lungs, secondary to which fact they can be regarded as those factors facilitating the development of pathological processes in the lungs, tuberculosis included.
An analysis of risk factors (kitchen salt overconsumption, smoking, overweight, stress, alcohol abuse, hypokynesia) affecting the development and course of arterial hypertension was carried out. Consideration of these risk factors in the treatment of patients with arterial hypertension makes pharmacotherapy of this disease more effective.
Anonymous questioning was done among military personnel to study their attitude to healthy way of living and smoking. 80 military persons aged from 18 till 30 participated in the study (40 officers and 40 soldiers). Obtained results showed that 72,5% of soldiers and 42,5% of officers smoked it in connection with compromised heredity may lead to the development of chronic non-infectious disease. Military personnel realize their own responsibility in relation to their health and have all necessary knowledge of healthy way of living but apply their knowledge not in full extent to maintain and strengthen their health. Revealed discrepancy shows that military personnel underestimate bad effect of smoking on health. It necessitates enhancing sanitary and educational measures and individual responsibility of military personal toward their health and providing influence on motivation to lead healthy way of living.
The level of micronuclei in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of Kyiv residents and its dependence on age, sex and smoking status were studied. Analysis of lymphocytes of 102 healthy Kyiv residents showed that the spontaneous frequency of micronuclei in individuals at the age of 21 to 67 (mean age of 42.6) was 10.5 +/- 0.5@1000. The frequency of micronuclei depends on individual age and increases by 3% per year, and also depends on smoking habits (the micronucleus frequency in smokers was 1.3 times higher then nonsmokers). There is no dependence of the micronucleus frequency on the sex of persons.