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1092 records – page 1 of 110.

[10-year dynamics of attitude to health problems in the male population of Novosibirsk (epidemiological study based on the WHO MONICA program)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature74937
Source
Ter Arkh. 2003;75(1):27-30
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
V V Gafarov
V A Pak
I V Gagulin
T D Babina
Source
Ter Arkh. 2003;75(1):27-30
Date
2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
English Abstract
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance
Siberia - epidemiology
World Health Organization
Abstract
AIM: To evaluate changes for a decade in the attitude of men in Novosibirsk to health problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: WHO program MONICA has covered males aged 25-64 years (a representative sample from the population in one of the districts of Novosibirsk city). A total of 3 trials were made (in 1984, 1988 and 1994) which included questioning, registration of ECG, arterial pressure, height, body mass, biochemical tests of the blood. RESULTS: Attitude of men to their health depended on their age. There was a trend to evaluate their health as more and more poor in men at the age of 25-43 and 35-44 years. In the group of 45-54-year-olds positive assessment of health was encountered 1.9 times more frequently, but the difference was not significant. At the age 55-64 years a growing number of men tend to assess their health as good. Since 1994 alcoholics among the elderly men grew in number as a response to the social and economic crisis. CONCLUSION: The change in health evaluation from negative to positive in older men may relate to less intensive work.
PubMed ID
12652951 View in PubMed
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[10-year monitoring of morbidity, mortality and lethality from myocardial infarct and stroke]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature55059
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(4):9-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
1993
Author
V V Gafarov
N G Kozel
I A Arkhipenko
N S Khrushcheva
S V Voitsitskaia
V L Feigin
T E Vinogradova
Source
Ter Arkh. 1993;65(4):9-13
Date
1993
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Age Distribution
Cerebrovascular Disorders - epidemiology - mortality
English Abstract
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction - epidemiology - mortality
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The data on the studies using WHO programs "Register of Acute Myocardial Infarction", "Register of Brain Apoplexy", "MONICA" in one of the districts of Novosibirsk have been pooled and analyzed. The studies have established objective trends in the incidence, mortality, lethality of myocardial infarction and brain apoplexy in the population aged 25-64 for 10 years.
PubMed ID
8059418 View in PubMed
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[20-year monitoring of acute cardiovascular diseases in population of large industrial city in West Siberia (epidemiological study)]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54128
Source
Ter Arkh. 2000;72(1):15-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
2000
Author
V V Gafarov
Source
Ter Arkh. 2000;72(1):15-21
Date
2000
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
Comparative Study
English Abstract
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Health
Population Surveillance
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Siberia - epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Survival Rate
Urban Population
Abstract
AIM: To reveal trends in incidence rates of acute cardiovascular diseases (ACD) in a large industrial city of the West Siberia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Studies on WHO programs "Acute Myocardial Infarction Register" and "MONICA" have been performed in three districts of Novosibirsk. The diagnostic categories were detected without difference. The observation covered stable population of 500,000 residents aged 25-64 years. Trends in the myocardial infarction (MI) mortality, morbidity and lethality were analysed for 1977-1996. RESULTS: The above trends were stable except for 1986 when MI mortality, morbidity and lethality decreased and 1988 and 1994 when they went up. The reduction was due to 7-year prevention program while the rise was consequent to discontinuation of the preventive measures. Major risk factors of ischemic heart disease, according to screenings conducted in 1984, 1988 and 1994 remained at about the same level. Social stress closely correlates with a rise in MI morbidity and mortality. The latter in 1994 grew owing to higher rates of MI mortality and morbidity among the oldest men and females of different age groups. CONCLUSION: Urgent intensification of prophylactic measures is needed both at the populational level and the level of high risk strategy.
PubMed ID
10687199 View in PubMed
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ABO and Rh blood groups in relation to ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancer risk among the population of South-East Siberia.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature118032
Source
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(10):5091-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
Arseniy E Yuzhalin
Anton G Kutikhin
Author Affiliation
Research Institute for Complex Issues of Cardiovascular Diseases under Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Kemerovo, Russian Federation.
Source
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(10):5091-6
Date
2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
ABO Blood-Group System - adverse effects
Adult
Aged
Case-Control Studies
Endometrial Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Ovarian Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Prognosis
Rh-Hr Blood-Group System - adverse effects
Risk factors
Siberia - epidemiology
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology
Abstract
There is a large amount of evidence that the ABO blood group system may play a role in disease etiology. A relationship between ABO and Rhesus blood groups and cancer risk has been demonstrated in a number of studies. However, in relation to gynecological malignancies, these findings are inconsistent and contradictory.
To perform a case-control study for analysis of the distribution of ABO and Rh blood antigens among women from South-East Siberia who suffered from ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancer, and to assess the potential role of these antigens in carcinogenesis.
A total of 1,163 cases with ovarian cancer (n=551), endometrial cancer (n=440) and cervical cancer (n=172) were involved in the study. The control group was formed from 22,581 female blood donors. Blood groups were determined through patients medical records and blood donor records. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. The blood group O was defined as the referent group, as it has the greatest frequency in the populations of Southern Siberia. P values less than 0.05 were regarded as statistically significant.
We found that carriage of non-O blood types increased the risk of ovarian cancer by 40-60%, and the magnitude of this relationship was strongest in women with the AB (IV) blood group. Carriage of the A (II) blood group strongly correlated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer in premenopausal, but not in postmenopausal women. No statistically significant correlations were obtained for endometrial cancer and cervical cancer. Additionally, we did not observe a relationship between Rhesus factor and cancer risk.
We suggest that carriage of non-O blood groups may elevate risk of ovarian cancer and can play a role in its development.
PubMed ID
23244116 View in PubMed
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[A case of human infection with brucellosis from a cat]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature36213
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1993 Jul-Aug;(4):66-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
L P Repina
A I Nikulina
I A Kosilov
Source
Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1993 Jul-Aug;(4):66-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Animals
Brucella - isolation & purification - pathogenicity
Brucellosis - epidemiology - microbiology - transmission - veterinary
Cat Diseases - epidemiology - microbiology - transmission
Cats
Child
Child, Preschool
Disease Vectors
English Abstract
Female
Guinea Pigs
Humans
Male
Mice
Rural Population - statistics & numerical data
Siberia - epidemiology
Virulence
Abstract
The epidemiological study of a focus of Brucella infection revealed that an outbreak of brucellosis occurred in a small town, and the source of this infection was a domestic cat. As the result of contacts with this cat, six persons, among them three children aged 3, 8 and 12 years, had brucellosis. In all these patients acute brucellosis was diagnosed. Simultaneously with the clinical manifestations of the disease, a rise in antibody titer from 1:50 to 1:1,600 was observed. Brucella cultures isolated from the blood of one of the patients and from the internal organs of the cat exhibited the properties, similar to those of "rodent" strains, i. e. their differential signs permit their classification with B. suis, serovar 5.
PubMed ID
8067119 View in PubMed
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[A clinico-epidemiological study of opisthorchiasis in the Altai Territory].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223502
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 1992 Jul-Aug;(4):13-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
V V Nikitin
R T Kuimova
Source
Med Parazitol (Mosk). 1992 Jul-Aug;(4):13-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Carps - parasitology
Disease Reservoirs - veterinary
Fish Diseases - epidemiology - parasitology
Humans
Opisthorchiasis - drug therapy - epidemiology - transmission - veterinary
Praziquantel - therapeutic use
Siberia - epidemiology
Abstract
Eighty-eight patients with opisthorchiasis were treated with biltricide in an anthropurgic and natural focus of opisthorchiasis in the Altai Territory. A one-day course of drug therapy, in a total dose of 60 mg/kg, was administered. Forty-two patients developed side effects in the course of therapy. Complete elimination of the helminths was achieved in 83 (94.3 +/- 2.3%; p less than 0.05) patients in 6 months after therapy.
PubMed ID
1435572 View in PubMed
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[A comparative analysis of tuberculosis susceptibility genetic make-up in Tuvinians and Russians]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature82359
Source
Mol Biol (Mosk). 2006 Mar-Apr;40(2):252-62
Publication Type
Article
Author
Freidin M B
Rudko A A
Kolokolova O V
Ondar E A
Strelis A K
Puzyrev V P
Source
Mol Biol (Mosk). 2006 Mar-Apr;40(2):252-62
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alleles
Ethnic Groups
Female
Gene Frequency - genetics
Genetic Predisposition to Disease - epidemiology - genetics
Haplotypes
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Siberia - epidemiology - ethnology
Tuberculosis - epidemiology - ethnology - genetics
Abstract
The results of the first Russian study of polymorphisms of tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility genes SLC11A1, VDR, IL12B, IL1B, IL1RN in Tuvinians from Tuva Republic and Russians from Tomsk city are presented. In Tuvinians, as compared with Russians, the significantly higher prevalence of potentially disease-associated alleles of the genes studied was shown: SLC11A1*543N (0.139 and 0.043, respectively, p = 4.6E-5), IL12B*1188C (0.378 and 0.174, respectively, p = 1.1E-8), VDR*b (0.825 and 0.532, respectively, p = 3.2E-16), IL1B*(+3953A1) (0.865 and 0.806, respectively, p = 0.035). However, no one of these alleles was associated with TB in Tuvinians, whereas, in Russians TB patients, in comparison with the controls, there was a higher prevalence of the following markers: IL1RN*A2 (0.258 and 0.186, respectively, p = 0.024), SLC11A1*274T (0.251 and 0.164, respectively, p = 0.009), IL12B*1188C (0.240 and 0.174, respectively, p = 0.044), ILIB*(+3953A2) (0.259 and 0.194, respectively, p = 0.044). Distinct patterns of linkage disequilibrium between pairs of the polymorphisms studied in Tuvinians and Russians were shown. At whole, the data obtained demonstrate the ethnic specificity of the distribution and pathogenetic significance of the alleles of the TB susceptibility genes.
PubMed ID
16637265 View in PubMed
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[A comparative study of the evolution of atherosclerosis in men over a 25-year period in 11 European and Asiatic cities]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature54287
Source
Arkh Patol. 1998 Nov-Dec;60(6):3-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
A M Vikhert
V S Zhdanov
N H Sternby
J. Dusková
I E Galakhov
Author Affiliation
A. L. Myasnikov Institute of Clinical Cardiology, Russian Cardiologic Scientific Centre, Moscow.
Source
Arkh Patol. 1998 Nov-Dec;60(6):3-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aorta - pathology
Arteriosclerosis - ethnology - pathology
Asia, Central - epidemiology
Autopsy - statistics & numerical data
Comparative Study
Continental Population Groups
Coronary Vessels - pathology
Disease Progression
English Abstract
Europe - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oceanic Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Repeated epidemiologic study of atherosclerosis in males on the basis of autopsy material with 25-year interval (1963-66 and 1985-89) has been performed in 7 European cities (Malmö, Praha, Riga, Tallinn, Tartu, Kharkov, Yalta) and 4 Asia cities (Ashkhabad, Bishkek, Irkutsk, Yakutsk). Accelerated development of atherosclerosis in the 2nd study has been revealed in males in the majority of cities except Malmö and Praha. No significant differences in atherosclerosis of aorta and coronary arteries were found in these two cities. An increase of the calcinosis surface in the coronary arteries combined with a higher incidence of coronary stenosis was typical for the 2nd study. Atherosclerosis was less pronounced in the indigenous population of Ashkhabad, Bishkek and Yakutsk in both studied than in non-indigenous populations. There was a positive correlation in males between lethality of coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases and the degree of coronary atherosclerosis. Thus, the course of atherosclerosis can change within the life of one generation.
PubMed ID
9949896 View in PubMed
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[A cross-sectional study of lipid metabolism in postmenopausal women]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature93656
Source
Kardiologiia. 2007;47(6):37-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Izmozherova N V
Popov A A
Andreev A N
Source
Kardiologiia. 2007;47(6):37-40
Date
2007
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dyslipidemias - blood - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Lipid Metabolism - physiology
Lipids - blood
Middle Aged
Postmenopause - blood
Prevalence
Risk factors
Siberia - epidemiology
Urban Population
Abstract
AIM: To assess frequency of atherogenic dyslipidemia in postmenopausal residents of Ekateringurg. METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 1100 female patients of outpatient menopausal clinic. All were residents of Ekaterinburg aged from 28 to 64 years. The participants of the study were divided into 3 groups; the 1st group consisted of women younger than 45 years, the 2nd group included persons aged between 45 and 54 years, in the 3rd group comprized patients aged from 55 to 64 years. RESULTS: Normal lipid metabolism parameters were found in 18% of women. Most frequent dyslipidemias were 2A (44%) and 2B (26%) types. Frequencies of stable angina on exertion, transitory cerebral ischemic attacks, and myocardial infarction increased after the age of 45 years. CONCLUSION: More than 80% of symptomatic postmenopausal women had atherogenic dyslipidemias. The percentage of postmenopausal women who had indication for lipid lowering therapy was high.
PubMed ID
18260873 View in PubMed
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[Acute and chronic alcoholic intoxication as a cause of modified immunological reactivity in patients with generalized peritonitis]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature94540
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2009;(6):19-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
Loktin E M
Firsov S A
Pliaskin A E
Shpagina L A
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2009;(6):19-23
Date
2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acute Disease
Alcoholic Intoxication - complications - epidemiology - immunology
Chronic Disease
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Immunity, Cellular
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Peritonitis - epidemiology - etiology - immunology
Retrospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Siberia - epidemiology
T-Lymphocytes - immunology
Abstract
The importance of assessment of immunological reactivity in patients with generalized peritonitis suffering alcoholic intoxication ensues from the possibility to use it for the prediction of abdominal inflammation dynamics and thereby for the optimization of organ-protective therapy in critical situations.
PubMed ID
19645100 View in PubMed
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1092 records – page 1 of 110.