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46 records – page 1 of 5.

[Action on the body of the gassing of the synthetic polymeric materials used on board ships].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature254253
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1973 Nov;17(11):15-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1973

Atmospheric transport of radioactive debris to Norway in case of a hypothetical accident related to the recovery of the Russian submarine K-27.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature276214
Source
J Environ Radioact. 2016 Jan;151 Pt 2:404-16
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2016
Author
Jerzy Bartnicki
Ingar Amundsen
Justin Brown
Ali Hosseini
Øystein Hov
Hilde Haakenstad
Heiko Klein
Ole Christian Lind
Brit Salbu
Cato C Szacinski Wendel
Martin Album Ytre-Eide
Source
J Environ Radioact. 2016 Jan;151 Pt 2:404-16
Date
Jan-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Movements
Air Pollutants, Radioactive - analysis
Norway
Radiation monitoring
Radioactive fallout - analysis
Radioactive Hazard Release
Radioisotopes - analysis
Russia
Ships
Abstract
The Russian nuclear submarine K-27 suffered a loss of coolant accident in 1968 and with nuclear fuel in both reactors it was scuttled in 1981 in the outer part of Stepovogo Bay located on the eastern coast of Novaya Zemlya. The inventory of spent nuclear fuel on board the submarine is of concern because it represents a potential source of radioactive contamination of the Kara Sea and a criticality accident with potential for long-range atmospheric transport of radioactive particles cannot be ruled out. To address these concerns and to provide a better basis for evaluating possible radiological impacts of potential releases in case a salvage operation is initiated, we assessed the atmospheric transport of radionuclides and deposition in Norway from a hypothetical criticality accident on board the K-27. To achieve this, a long term (33 years) meteorological database has been prepared and used for selection of the worst case meteorological scenarios for each of three selected locations of the potential accident. Next, the dispersion model SNAP was run with the source term for the worst-case accident scenario and selected meteorological scenarios. The results showed predictions to be very sensitive to the estimation of the source term for the worst-case accident and especially to the sizes and densities of released radioactive particles. The results indicated that a large area of Norway could be affected, but that the deposition in Northern Norway would be considerably higher than in other areas of the country. The simulations showed that deposition from the worst-case scenario of a hypothetical K-27 accident would be at least two orders of magnitude lower than the deposition observed in Norway following the Chernobyl accident.
PubMed ID
25804322 View in PubMed
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A Bayesian network for assessing the collision induced risk of an oil accident in the Gulf of Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature268276
Source
Environ Sci Technol. 2015 May 5;49(9):5301-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-5-2015
Author
Annukka Lehikoinen
Maria Hänninen
Jenni Storgård
Emilia Luoma
Samu Mäntyniemi
Sakari Kuikka
Source
Environ Sci Technol. 2015 May 5;49(9):5301-9
Date
May-5-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents - statistics & numerical data
Bayes Theorem
Estonia
Finland
Models, Theoretical
Oceans and Seas
Oil and Gas Industry - statistics & numerical data
Risk assessment
Russia
Ships
Abstract
The growth of maritime oil transportation in the Gulf of Finland (GoF), North-Eastern Baltic Sea, increases environmental risks by increasing the probability of oil accidents. By integrating the work of a multidisciplinary research team and information from several sources, we have developed a probabilistic risk assessment application that considers the likely future development of maritime traffic and oil transportation in the area and the resulting risk of environmental pollution. This metamodel is used to compare the effects of two preventative management actions on the tanker collision probabilities and the consequent risk. The resulting risk is evaluated from four different perspectives. Bayesian networks enable large amounts of information about causalities to be integrated and utilized in probabilistic inference. Compared with the baseline period of 2007-2008, the worst-case scenario is that the risk level increases 4-fold by the year 2015. The management measures are evaluated and found to decrease the risk by 4-13%, but the utility gained by their joint implementation would be less than the sum of their independent effects. In addition to the results concerning the varying risk levels, the application provides interesting information about the relationships between the different elements of the system.
PubMed ID
25780862 View in PubMed
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Benzene exposure on a crude oil production vessel.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature171429
Source
Ann Occup Hyg. 2006 Mar;50(2):123-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2006
Author
J. Kirkeleit
T. Riise
M. Bråtveit
B E Moen
Author Affiliation
Section for Occupational Medicine, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N-5018 Bergen, Norway. Jorunn.Kirkeleit@isf.uib.no
Source
Ann Occup Hyg. 2006 Mar;50(2):123-9
Date
Mar-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aerosols - analysis
Benzene - analysis
Cohort Studies
Environmental monitoring
Extraction and Processing Industry
Humans
Maximum Allowable Concentration
North Sea
Norway
Occupational Exposure - analysis
Occupations
Petroleum
Ships
Abstract
The aim was to describe the personal exposure to benzene on a typical crude oil production vessel and to identify factors influencing the exposure level.
The study population included process operators, deck workers, mechanics and contractors on a production vessel in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. The personal exposure to benzene during ordinary activity, during a short shutdown and during tank work was monitored using organic vapour passive dosimeter badges (3M 3500). Information on the tasks performed on the day of sampling was recorded. Exposure was assessed by grouping the measurements according to job category, mode of operation and the tasks performed on the sampling day. Univariate analysis of variance was used to test the differences between the groups.
Forty-two workers participated in the exposure assessment, comprising a total of 139 measurements. The arithmetic and geometric mean of benzene exposure for all measurements was 0.43 and 0.02 p.p.m., respectively. Twenty-five measurements (18%) were below the limit of detection (0.001 p.p.m.), while ten samples (7%) exceeded the occupational exposure limit of 0.6 p.p.m. The geometric mean exposure was 0.004 p.p.m. (95% CI 0.003-0.006) during ordinary activity, 0.01 p.p.m. (95% CI 0.005-0.02) during shutdown and 0.28 p.p.m. (95% CI 0.16-0.49) during tank work. Workers performing annual cleaning and maintenance of tanks containing crude oil or residues of crude oil had higher levels of exposure than workers performing other tasks, including work near open hydrocarbon-transport systems (all P
PubMed ID
16371415 View in PubMed
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[Clinical characteristics of the initial manifestations of chronic manganese poisoning].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature243094
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1982 Jul;(7):39-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1982

[Current approach to zoning atomic shipbuilding plants].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature173813
Source
Gig Sanit. 2005 May-Jun;(3):33-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
A Ia Blekher
Source
Gig Sanit. 2005 May-Jun;(3):33-5
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution - prevention & control
City Planning
Environmental health
Facility Design and Construction
Humans
Industry - standards
Nuclear Energy
Russia
Ships
Vehicle Emissions - prevention & control
Abstract
The paper discusses the currently introduced radiation-and-hygienic system for zoning atomic shipbuilding plants, in accordance with which three radiation-and-hygienic zones (a strict regime zone, a controlled approach zone, and a free regime zone) are established at the plant site and two zones (a sanitary-and-protective zone and a follow-up zone) are also established outside the plant site.
PubMed ID
16022252 View in PubMed
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[Diurnal energy expenditures and nutrition of sailors in coastwide cruises on board the vessels of the Baltic steamship line].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature110215
Source
Vopr Pitan. 1969 Mar-Apr;28(2):36-40
Publication Type
Article

[Experience with passenger motor ship re-equipment used for evacuation of the wounded and sick].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature183239
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2003 Aug;324(8):8-10, 96
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2003
Author
N A Sokolovskii
A V Grishchuk
A N Tsymbal
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2003 Aug;324(8):8-10, 96
Date
Aug-2003
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Hospitals, Military - history
Humans
Military Medicine
Military Personnel
Russia
Russia (Pre-1917)
Ships - history
Transportation of Patients - history - methods
USSR
War
Wounds and Injuries - therapy
Abstract
In September 2002 the mobilization headquarters training was conducted on the base of Volga-Baltic steamship. During this training the passenger motor-vessel (the project 301) was re-equipped into sanitary-and-transport ship. The sanitary treatment coast post and the elements of evacuation receiving-room were developed by the personnel on the shore near the mooring wall. On the 3rd day the ship's sanitary treatment post, medical department (60 beds) with the wards for psychic patients (4 critical patients/ward), post for nurse on duty, room of physician on duty, dressing room, drugstore, autoclave room, clinical laboratory and collective defense post were created in the re-equipped rooms of the ship. The training has confirmed the advantages of casualty and patient transportation using the inner water-ways over the other types of transport. The following defects should be noted: the season work of river transport; frequent discrepancy of river trend with evacuation ways; comparatively low rate of transportation; different types of river ships used for medical evacuation.
PubMed ID
14564951 View in PubMed
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Hospital contacts for chronic diseases among danish seafarers and fishermen: a population-based cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature84751
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2007;35(5):481-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Kaerlev Linda
Dahl Søren
Nielsen Per Sabro
Olsen Jørn
Hannerz Harald
Jensen Anker
Tüchsen Finn
Author Affiliation
Research Unit of Maritime Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark. L.kaerlev@dadlnet.dk
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2007;35(5):481-9
Date
2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Chronic Disease - epidemiology - mortality
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Employment
Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hospitalization - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Naval Medicine
Registries
Risk factors
Ships
Workplace
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Seafarers' and fishermen's working conditions may impact on their lifestyle and health. Standardized hospital contact ratios (SHCRs) were compared in two time periods and the relative risks of hospital contact as a function of employment time were estimated. METHODS: Cohorts of all Danish seafarers (officers and non-officers) registered by the Danish Maritime Authority (DMA) 1989-98 and fishermen retrieved from a pension registry 1989-98 were linked to the nationwide Occupational Hospitalization Registry (OHR) and followed up for incident diseases in two five-year time periods, from 1 January 1994 and 1 January 1999, respectively, using rates specific for age and calendar time for the entire Danish workforce as a reference. RESULTS: The SHCRs for lung and cardiovascular diseases were high for non-officers. Among male officers, the SHCR for diabetes was high in the 1999 cohort and the SHCR for chronic heart diseases was statistically significantly higher in the 1999 than in the 1994 cohort. For both time periods high SHCR values were found for bronchitis, emphysema, cancer of the lung, alcohol-related liver diseases, and diabetes among male non-officers, and lung cancer among male officers. Among female non-officers, a high SHCR for skin melanomas was seen. Among fishermen high SHCRs for bronchitis, emphysema, lung cancer, and Raynaud's syndrome were found in both cohorts. No duration-response pattern was observed in any of the analyses, which may reflect health- and lifestyle-related selection into the trades or a healthy worker effect. CONCLUSIONS: Danish seafarers, especially short-term employees, had an elevated risk of hospitalization for lifestyle-related diseases.
PubMed ID
17852993 View in PubMed
Less detail

Hospital contacts for noise-related hearing loss among Danish seafarers and fishermen: a population-based cohort study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature92896
Source
Noise Health. 2008 Apr-Jun;10(39):41-5
Publication Type
Article
Author
Kaerlev Linda
Jensen Anker
Nielsen Per Sabro
Olsen Jørn
Hannerz Harald
Tüchsen Finn
Author Affiliation
Research Unit of Maritime Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark. L.kaerlev@dadlnet.dk
Source
Noise Health. 2008 Apr-Jun;10(39):41-5
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Cohort Studies
Denmark - epidemiology
Fisheries
Hearing Loss - epidemiology - etiology - genetics
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Noise, Occupational - adverse effects
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
Oceans and Seas
Population Surveillance
Prospective Studies
Registries
Risk
Risk factors
Ships - statistics & numerical data
Time Factors
Abstract
AIMS: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a leading occupational disease and some seafarers and fishermen may be at high risk. We present here standardized hospital contact ratios (SHCRs) for hearing loss among Danish seafarers and fishermen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cohorts of all Danish seafarers registered by the Danish Maritime Authority (DMA) and fishermen retrieved from a 1989-1998 pension registry were linked to the nationwide Occupational Hospitalisation Registry (OHR) with follow-up for NIHL from 1994 to 2003, using rates specific for age and calendar time for the entire Danish workforce as a reference. RESULTS: We found high SHCRs for NIHL: 165 [95% confidence interval (CI) 131-206] among officers, 113 (79-157) for nonofficers and 119 (85-162) for fishermen. The increased SHCR for hearing impairment among seafarers was solely found in engine room personnel (SHCR = 222; 95% CI 178-277). Compared to other seafarers, the engine room personnel had a relative risk ratio of 2.39 (95% CI: 1.74-3.26). Short-term employment is common in many trades. No duration response pattern was observed which may suggest a secondary healthy worker effect. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that hearing problems are frequent among men who work in the engine rooms on ships. Long-term cumulative effects of employment were not shown.
PubMed ID
18580037 View in PubMed
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46 records – page 1 of 5.