Skip header and navigation

2 records – page 1 of 1.

Gender differences in the prosecution of police assault: Evidence from a natural experiment in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature305219
Source
PLoS One. 2020; 15(7):e0235894
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
2020
Author
Kristine Eck
Charles Crabtree
Author Affiliation
Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Source
PLoS One. 2020; 15(7):e0235894
Date
2020
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Female
Human Rights - legislation & jurisprudence - standards
Humans
Judicial Role
Male
Police - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Sexism - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Violence - legislation & jurisprudence - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
States often seek to regulate the use of police force though citizen complaint systems. This paper examines these systems, specifically, whether patterns of bias found in other juridical contexts are mirrored in the adjudication of police assault. The analysis focuses on prosecutors as the first instance of adjudication who determine whether to move forward with investigation, effectively deciding the majority of cases. We ask whether prosecutor sex is associated with the probability that a police assault claim will be investigated. We leverage a natural experiment in Sweden where prosecutors are assigned through a modified lottery system, effectively randomizing appointment. Our findings suggest that prosecutor gender plays a role in judicial outcomes: women prosecutors are 16 percentage points more likely to investigate claims of police assault than their male counterparts. These findings have implications for scholars interested in state human rights abuses, democratic institutions, and judicial inequality.
PubMed ID
32697775 View in PubMed
Less detail

Patterns of gender equality at workplaces and psychological distress.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117186
Source
PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e53246
Publication Type
Article
Date
2013
Author
Sofia Elwér
Lisa Harryson
Malin Bolin
Anne Hammarström
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Source
PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e53246
Date
2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Cohort Studies
Confidence Intervals
Female
Humans
Male
Odds Ratio
Sex Factors
Sexism - statistics & numerical data
Stress, Psychological - epidemiology
Sweden - epidemiology
Workplace - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
Research in the field of occupational health often uses a risk factor approach which has been criticized by feminist researchers for not considering the combination of many different variables that are at play simultaneously. To overcome this shortcoming this study aims to identify patterns of gender equality at workplaces and to investigate how these patterns are associated with psychological distress. Questionnaire data from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n?=?715) have been analysed and supplemented with register data about the participants' workplaces. The register data were used to create gender equality indicators of women/men ratios of number of employees, educational level, salary and parental leave. Cluster analysis was used to identify patterns of gender equality at the workplaces. Differences in psychological distress between the clusters were analysed by chi-square test and logistic regression analyses, adjusting for individual socio-demographics and previous psychological distress. The cluster analysis resulted in six distinctive clusters with different patterns of gender equality at the workplaces that were associated to psychological distress for women but not for men. For women the highest odds of psychological distress was found on traditionally gender unequal workplaces. The lowest overall occurrence of psychological distress as well as same occurrence for women and men was found on the most gender equal workplaces. The results from this study support the convergence hypothesis as gender equality at the workplace does not only relate to better mental health for women, but also more similar occurrence of mental ill-health between women and men. This study highlights the importance of utilizing a multidimensional view of gender equality to understand its association to health outcomes. Health policies need to consider gender equality at the workplace level as a social determinant of health that is of importance for reducing differences in health outcomes for women and men.
Notes
Cites: Scand J Work Environ Health. 2009 Mar;35(2):127-3319294318
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 2009 Apr;68(8):1388-9519243869
Cites: Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009 Nov;82(10):1229-3919756696
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 2010 Aug;71(3):576-8320538394
Cites: Scand J Public Health. 2011 Aug;39(6):618-2621733963
Cites: BMC Public Health. 2011;11:54821745375
Cites: Int J Epidemiol. 2012 Dec;41(6):1545-5221828110
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 2002 Feb;54(4):481-9211848269
Cites: Occup Environ Med. 2004 Feb;61(2):e714739391
Cites: Dev Psychopathol. 1997 Spring;9(2):291-3199201446
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 1998 Mar;52(3):153-609616419
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Jul;60(7):616-2016790834
Cites: Soc Sci Med. 2007 May;64(9):1892-90317339070
Cites: J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007 Dec;61 Suppl 2:ii39-4518000116
Cites: BMC Public Health. 2008;8:15918477384
Cites: Subst Use Misuse. 2008 Jul;43(8-9):1151-6918649236
Cites: J Occup Health. 2009;51(3):223-3119336968
PubMed ID
23326404 View in PubMed
Less detail