This article contrasts values associated with the delivery of housing programs for people with serious mental illness with the typical topics pertaining to housing that are studied by researchers. Six values were identified through a search and content analysis of the literature on housing for people with serious mental illness. A second review of the literature was conducted to identify research on housing for this population. A comparison of findings from the two reviews suggested that whereas values concerned with the therapeutic benefits of housing had received considerable research attention, those concerned with a citizenship dimension had received relatively little. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for the delivery of housing services and for housing research.
This article presents findings from a phenomenological study exploring experience of time by patients living close to death. The empirical data consist of 26 open-ended interviews from 23 patients living with severe incurable disease receiving palliative care in Norway. Three aspects of experience of time were revealed as prominent: (i) Entering a world with no future; living close to death alters perception of and relationship to time. (ii) Listening to the rhythm of my body, not looking at the clock; embodied with severe illness, it is the body not the clock that structures and controls the activities of the day. (iii). Receiving time, taking time; being offered - not asked for - help is like receiving time that confirms humanity, in contrast to having to ask for help which is like taking others time and thereby revealing own helplessness. Experience of time close to death is discussed as an embodied experience of inner, contextual, relational dimensions in harmony and disharmony with the rhythm of nature, environment and others. Rhythms in harmony provide relief, while rhythms in disharmony confer weakness and limit time.
Burnout is a common problem of psychic well-being associated with work also in Finland. Mild burnout of a strongly work-oriented person may cause temporary symptoms, from which recovery may take place rapidly. Severe burnout is mostly a condition of long duration, and the symptoms can vary in their degree of severity. In clinical practice it is important for a doctor to recognize burnout and be able to distinguish it from other causes yielding similar symptoms. Treatment of burnout involves measures to prevent and treat symptoms, in combination with rehabilitating procedures.
Surgical classification of the diabetic foot syndrome was proposed, permitting to formulate pathogenetic diagnosis with working out in detail the foot pathologic process depth and expansion, taking into account the microflora presence in the purulent-necrotic affection zone, basing on own experience of treatment of 490 patients. This permits to formulate tactic and volume of necessary pathogenetic surgical and conservative treatment.
Eye movements, alternating movements, rapid pointing movements, and various tremors were measured on patients with Parkinson's disease (n = 21), on Cree subjects exposed to methylmercury (n = 36), and on healthy control subjects (n = 30). Neuromotor profiles were created according to thirty characteristics extracted from test results of four subgroups matched for age and composed of six subjects each. Z scores were calculated with respect to the mean and standard deviation of the control group for each of the 30 characteristics. The subgroup with the lower methylmercury blood level had larger z scores than the control subgroup and with a few positive values above one standard deviation. The subgroup with the higher methylmercury blood level had several z scores above two standard deviations. Interestingly, the abnormal values for the subgroup with Parkinson's disease were mostly limited to static tremor recorded with no visual feedback and reached up to 5 standard deviations. These results indicate that neuromotor profiles can be used to summarize information extracted from different neuromotor tests and to differentiate neurological conditions.
BACKGROUND: Climate and sunlight (ultraviolet radiation) influence activity of atopic eczema. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of moving from a subarctic/temperate climate to a sunny subtropical climate on children's atopic eczema. METHODS: Children, 4-13 years, with severe atopic eczema were randomized to stay 4 weeks in Gran Canary (index patients = 30) and home in Norway (controls = 26), with a follow up of 3 months. SCORing of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) was primary variable, and secondary were Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), Staphylococcus aureus skin colonization and pharmacological skin treatment. RESULTS: SCORing of Atopic Dermatitis decreased from 37.2 (29.4-44.9) to 12.2 (9.0-15.4) [mean (95% confidence intervals)] after 4 weeks and 21.2 (17.2-25.1) 3 months thereafter in index patients (P