The first 25 BMTs at the Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital (Alder Hey) were performed between April 1987 and July 1991. The aim of this report is to evaluate selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) during the first post-BMT month in this series of 14 allografts and 11 autografts. SDD is a method used to abolish carriage of potentially pathogenic microorganisms including yeasts, Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacilli (GNB). Chlorhexidine mouth wash was used to decontaminate the oropharynx, and neomycin, colistin (polymyxin E) and nystatin (NEOCON) were given to eradicate gut carriage. Oropharyngeal decontamination was successful in 48% of patients, gut carriage was abolished in 60%, and eradication of the carrier state at both sites was achieved in 33%. A septic response was seen in 76% of children and 36% developed septicaemia (indigenous Gram-positive cocci only). A low carriage index for the target microorganisms during the study manoeuvre of SDD was associated with negative blood cultures (p
In 1996, the Norwegian Ministry of Health issued regulations on the prevention of nosocomial infections (NIs). The regulations were revised in 2005. As part of the infection control programme, hospitals and long-term care facilities are obliged to have a surveillance system for NIs in place and to report the results to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
In 2003, the Surveillance Provinciale des Infections Nosocomiales (SPIN) program was launched to gather data on incidence rates of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in intensive care units (ICUs) in the Province of Quebec. To improve the generalizability of SPIN benchmarks, in 2007 participation in SPIN became mandatory for all ICUs with =10 beds.
To describe the implementation process, surveillance methods, and overall results of the SPIN program between 2003 and 2009.
SPIN surveillance methods are based on the National Healthcare Safety Network. Participation is open to all Quebec ICUs and as of January 2007 is mandatory for all units with =10 beds. Data include CLABSI incidence rates for 2003-2009 and the epidemiology of CLABSI cases.
Mandatory participation in the SPIN program increased the number of ICUs by 100% (from 30 to 60 units). For 2003-2009, the overall CLABSI incidence rates were 1.67 CLABSIs/1,000 catheter-days for adult ICUs, 2.24 CLABSIs/1,000 catheter-days for pediatric ICUs, and 4.40 CLABSIs/1,000 catheter-days for neonatal ICUs. The patients with CLABSI were predominately female (60%), mean patient age was 44 ± 32 years, and 64% of the patients had a regular central venous line in place.
The implementation of mandatory participation was essential to increase the generalizability of SPIN CLABSI incidence rates, which also improved the quality of these data for use as provincial benchmarks.