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The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine for invasive pneumococcal disease in Alaska native children: results of a clinical trial.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature120452
Source
Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Mar;32(3):257-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2013

Microbial carriage, sepsis, infection and acute GVHD in the first 25 BMT at the Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature221330
Source
Bone Marrow Transplant. 1993 Apr;11(4):261-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-1993
Author
L E Rhodes
H K van Saene
S. White
S. Fairclough
L M Ball
J. Martin
Author Affiliation
Department of Haematology/Oncology, Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital, UK.
Source
Bone Marrow Transplant. 1993 Apr;11(4):261-9
Date
Apr-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Bone Marrow Transplantation - adverse effects - mortality
Carrier State - drug therapy
Child
Child, Preschool
Chlorhexidine - administration & dosage
Colistin - administration & dosage
Digestive System - microbiology
Disease Susceptibility
Drug Therapy, Combination - administration & dosage
England - epidemiology
Female
Graft vs Host Disease - epidemiology - prevention & control
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Male
Neomycin - administration & dosage
Neutropenia - complications
Nystatin - administration & dosage
Premedication
Retrospective Studies
Sepsis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Survival Analysis
Abstract
The first 25 BMTs at the Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital (Alder Hey) were performed between April 1987 and July 1991. The aim of this report is to evaluate selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) during the first post-BMT month in this series of 14 allografts and 11 autografts. SDD is a method used to abolish carriage of potentially pathogenic microorganisms including yeasts, Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacilli (GNB). Chlorhexidine mouth wash was used to decontaminate the oropharynx, and neomycin, colistin (polymyxin E) and nystatin (NEOCON) were given to eradicate gut carriage. Oropharyngeal decontamination was successful in 48% of patients, gut carriage was abolished in 60%, and eradication of the carrier state at both sites was achieved in 33%. A septic response was seen in 76% of children and 36% developed septicaemia (indigenous Gram-positive cocci only). A low carriage index for the target microorganisms during the study manoeuvre of SDD was associated with negative blood cultures (p
PubMed ID
8485474 View in PubMed
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Prevalence surveillance system of nosocomial infections in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature83795
Source
Euro Surveill. 2007 Aug;12(8):E070830.2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2007
Author
Bruun T.
Loewer H L
Author Affiliation
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. tone.bruun@fhi.no
Source
Euro Surveill. 2007 Aug;12(8):E070830.2
Date
Aug-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross Infection - epidemiology - prevention & control
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Population Surveillance
Prevalence
Respiratory Tract Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control
Sepsis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Soft Tissue Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control
Surgical Wound Infection - epidemiology - prevention & control
Urinary Tract Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control
Abstract
In 1996, the Norwegian Ministry of Health issued regulations on the prevention of nosocomial infections (NIs). The regulations were revised in 2005. As part of the infection control programme, hospitals and long-term care facilities are obliged to have a surveillance system for NIs in place and to report the results to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
PubMed ID
17868618 View in PubMed
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Surveillance Provinciale des Infections Nosocomiales (SPIN) Program: implementation of a mandatory surveillance program for central line-associated bloodstream infections.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature137698
Source
Am J Infect Control. 2011 May;39(4):329-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2011
Author
Patricia S Fontela
Robert W Platt
Isabelle Rocher
Charles Frenette
Dorothy Moore
Élise Fortin
David Buckeridge
Madhukar Pai
Caroline Quach
Author Affiliation
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
Source
Am J Infect Control. 2011 May;39(4):329-35
Date
May-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Catheter-Related Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross Infection - epidemiology - prevention & control
Female
Health Services Research
Humans
Infant
Infection Control - methods
Intensive Care Units
Male
Middle Aged
National Health Programs
Quebec - epidemiology
Sentinel Surveillance
Sepsis - epidemiology - prevention & control
Young Adult
Abstract
In 2003, the Surveillance Provinciale des Infections Nosocomiales (SPIN) program was launched to gather data on incidence rates of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in intensive care units (ICUs) in the Province of Quebec. To improve the generalizability of SPIN benchmarks, in 2007 participation in SPIN became mandatory for all ICUs with =10 beds.
To describe the implementation process, surveillance methods, and overall results of the SPIN program between 2003 and 2009.
SPIN surveillance methods are based on the National Healthcare Safety Network. Participation is open to all Quebec ICUs and as of January 2007 is mandatory for all units with =10 beds. Data include CLABSI incidence rates for 2003-2009 and the epidemiology of CLABSI cases.
Mandatory participation in the SPIN program increased the number of ICUs by 100% (from 30 to 60 units). For 2003-2009, the overall CLABSI incidence rates were 1.67 CLABSIs/1,000 catheter-days for adult ICUs, 2.24 CLABSIs/1,000 catheter-days for pediatric ICUs, and 4.40 CLABSIs/1,000 catheter-days for neonatal ICUs. The patients with CLABSI were predominately female (60%), mean patient age was 44 ± 32 years, and 64% of the patients had a regular central venous line in place.
The implementation of mandatory participation was essential to increase the generalizability of SPIN CLABSI incidence rates, which also improved the quality of these data for use as provincial benchmarks.
PubMed ID
21255873 View in PubMed
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