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A 3 year follow-up study of health care students' sense of coherence and related smoking, drinking and physical exercise factors.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186071
Source
Int J Nurs Stud. 2003 May;40(4):383-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2003
Author
Merja Kuuppelomäki
Pekka Utriainen
Author Affiliation
Research and Development Centre for Social Welfare and Health, Seinäjoki Polytechnic, Koskenalantie 16 Seinäjoki Fin-60220, Finland. merja.kuuppelomaki@seamk.fi
Source
Int J Nurs Stud. 2003 May;40(4):383-8
Date
May-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Alcohol Drinking - psychology
Attitude of Health Personnel
Attitude to Health
Educational Status
Exercise - psychology
Female
Finland
Follow-Up Studies
Health Behavior
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Internal-External Control
Male
Pilot Projects
Questionnaires
Self Efficacy
Smoking - psychology
Students, Health Occupations - psychology
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to describe the sense of coherence (SOC) of three groups of Finnish polytechnic students (n=287) at the beginning of their studies and to follow it during a period of 3 year amongst the health care students (n=63) of this group. The associations between SOC and smoking, drinking and physical exercise were also studied. The data were collected with a questionnaire which included Antonovsky's (Adv. Nurs. Sci. 1(1983)37) SOC scale. Data analysis was with SPSS statistical software. The students showed a strong sense of coherence at the beginning of their studies. Physical activity was related to the strength of SOC, but no association was found with smoking and drinking. Health care students showed a stronger SOC at the beginning of their studies than the two other groups. During the follow-up focused on the health care students, SOC weakened in 6%, remained unchanged in 65% and strengthened in 32% of the participants. Smoking, drinking and physical exercise showed no association with these changes. Future research should be focused on identifying factors that are related to SOC during education.
PubMed ID
12667515 View in PubMed
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Academic achievement and smoking: is self-efficacy an important factor in understanding social inequalities in Finnish adolescents?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature131629
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2011 Nov;39(7):714-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2011
Author
Marjaana Pennanen
Ari Haukkala
Hein De Vries
Erkki Vartiainen
Author Affiliation
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland. marjaana.pennanen@thl.fi
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2011 Nov;39(7):714-22
Date
Nov-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Achievement
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior
Attitude
Cognition
Educational Status
Female
Finland
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Questionnaires
Self Efficacy
Smoking - adverse effects - prevention & control - psychology
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
Poor academic achievement is strongly related to smoking but studies that examine the mechanism between academic achievement and smoking are lacking. The aim of this study, therefore, was to examine the smoking-related cognitions (i.e. attitude, social influence, self-efficacy and intention to smoke) in relation to academic achievement and determine whether these cognitions explain different patterns of smoking.
The study uses the data of a longitudinal study that was carried out in Finland, and the sample comprised 1,096 students in grades seven to nine.
During the seventh-grade students with poor academic achievement reported more positive attitudes to smoking and a greater social influence of their peers regarding smoking, weaker self-efficacy to refuse smoking and more intentions to smoke in the future compared to students with high academic achievement. Moreover, the follow-up analyses after a 24-month interval revealed that self-efficacy to refuse smoking of students with poor grades had become weaker compared to students with high grades. Furthermore, the influence of seventh-grade academic achievement predicting ninth-grade weekly smoking was partially mediated through the self-efficacy beliefs and the intention to smoke.
Differences in academic achievement may have an impact on adolescents' self-efficacy beliefs and the intention to smoke in the future. To reduce health inequalities a strong input on continuing research to improve smoking prevention methods, especially for students with low academic achievement, is needed.
PubMed ID
21893606 View in PubMed
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Academic self-efficacy mediates the effects of school psychological climate on academic achievement.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature277760
Source
Sch Psychol Q. 2015 Mar;30(1):64-74
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2015
Author
Rune Høigaard
Velibor Bobo Kovac
Nina Cecilie Øverby
Tommy Haugen
Source
Sch Psychol Q. 2015 Mar;30(1):64-74
Date
Mar-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Achievement
Adolescent
Female
Goals
Humans
Male
Norway
Schools
Self Efficacy
Social Behavior
Social Environment
Students - psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
This study investigated the effects of proximal and distal constructs on adolescent's academic achievement through self-efficacy. Participants included 482 ninth- and tenth- grade Norwegian students who completed a questionnaire designed to assess school-goal orientations, organizational citizenship behavior, academic self-efficacy, and academic achievement. The results of a bootstrapping technique used to analyze relationships between the constructs indicated that school-goal orientations and organizational citizenship predicted academic self-efficacy. Furthermore, school-goal orientation, organizational citizenship, and academic self-efficacy explained 46% of the variance in academic achievement. Mediation analyses revealed that academic self-efficacy mediated the effects of perceived task goal structure, perceived ability structure, civic virtue, and sportsmanship on adolescents' academic achievements. The results are discussed in reference to current scholarship, including theories underlying our hypothesis. Practical implications and directions for future research are suggested.
PubMed ID
24708286 View in PubMed
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Access to the world after myocardial infarction: experiences of the recovery process.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature70416
Source
Rehabil Nurs. 2006 Mar-Apr;31(2):63-8; discussion 69
Publication Type
Article
Author
Cathrine Hildingh
Bengt Fridlund
Evy Lidell
Author Affiliation
School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Sweden. hildingh@hos.hh.se
Source
Rehabil Nurs. 2006 Mar-Apr;31(2):63-8; discussion 69
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adaptation, Psychological
Aged
Attitude to Health
Family - psychology
Fear
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Life Change Events
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Motivation
Myocardial Infarction - psychology - rehabilitation
Nurse's Role
Nursing Methodology Research
Qualitative Research
Questionnaires
Recovery of Function
Rehabilitation Nursing - organization & administration
Self Care - methods - psychology
Self Efficacy
Social Support
Sweden
Abstract
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a traumatic health event and at the same time a transition of vital importance in human life. The purpose of this study was to elucidate recovery patterns after myocardial infarction with regard to the content of patients' experiences. The study used a descriptive design and a qualitative method. Interviews with 16 men and women were performed, and data were subjected to a thematic content analysis. The recovery process had a pattern of ability, restraints, and reorientation. Through self-help and help from others, the mutual sharing of burdens, and clarifying restraints to recovery, the recovery process progressed toward reorientation. New values and motivation for change, as well as a new balance within the self and relationships were found. The MI had been integrated into life and, through the recovery process, patients' attitudes were better focused, leading to an enhanced quality of life.
PubMed ID
16526524 View in PubMed
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[A contact person leads to increased satisfaction among new mothers].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139338
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2010 Nov 15;172(46):3178-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-15-2010
Author
Jette Ammentorp
Hanne Irene Jensen
Betty Nørgaard
Poul-Erik Kofoed
Author Affiliation
Syddansk Universitet, Sygehus Lillebaelt/IRS, Forskningsinitiativet for Sundhedstjenesteforskning, Denmark. jette.ammentorp@slb.regionsyddanmark.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2010 Nov 15;172(46):3178-82
Date
Nov-15-2010
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Consumer Satisfaction
Denmark
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care, Neonatal - manpower - standards
Mothers - psychology
Neonatal Nursing - manpower - standards
Nurse Practitioners - standards
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Questionnaires
Self Efficacy
Abstract
The aim of this study was to test a new method for continuous monitoring of the Danish contact person concept and to evaluate the impact of the concept on the mothers' perception of nursing care and on their self-efficacy.
This is a descriptive study, carried out at a neonatal unit forming part of a department of paediatrics. Using an electronic questionnaire, the mothers were asked if they had been given a contact nurse and how they assessed the quality of the care and their own self-efficacy. The correlation between their experience of being given a contact person and having high scores of nursing care and of self-efficacy was analyzed by logistic regression.
A total of 300 (81%) of the mothers answered the questionnaire. Among the mothers who acknowledged having had a contact nurse compared with those who did not, odds ratios were > 1 in 10/11 questions concerning assessment of nursing care. Concerning the mothers' assessment of their self-efficacy, the odds ratios were > 1 in 7/11 questions. None of these were statistically significant.
The study showed a tendency towards a positive impact on nursing care when contact persons were allocated to the mothers who were admitted to a neonatal ward. The findings were statistically significant in 2/11 questions.
PubMed ID
21073832 View in PubMed
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Activism among older women in Quebec, Canada: changing the world after age 65.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature154406
Source
J Women Aging. 2008;20(3-4):343-60
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Michèle Charpentier
Anne Quéniart
Julie Jacques
Author Affiliation
Social Work School, Université du Québec, Montréal, P.O. Box 8888, Station Centre-ville Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3P8 Canada. charpentier.michele@uqam.ca
Source
J Women Aging. 2008;20(3-4):343-60
Date
2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Attitude to Health
Female
Health Behavior
Humans
Life Style
Quality of Life
Quebec - epidemiology
Self Efficacy
Social Environment
Social Support
Socioeconomic Factors
Women's health
Abstract
The aim of this article is to examine senior women's involvement experience in Quebec, Canada. Study results are based on a qualitative methodology, and shed light on family history and continuity in the involvement trajectory, diversity in terms of group type and involvement practices, and gender differences in involvement. The meaning that older women attribute to their involvement is also addressed, including attitudes toward feminism. The discussion highlights the extent to which older women's involvement has been marked by their life trajectories, above and beyond their age. In sum, their involvement in the private and public spheres is quite impressive.
PubMed ID
18983116 View in PubMed
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Acupuncture treatment for women with concurrent substance use and anxiety/depression: an effective alternative therapy?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature164364
Source
Fam Community Health. 2007 Apr-Jun;30(2):112-20
Publication Type
Article
Author
Christine M A Courbasson
Alicia Araujo de Sorkin
Berit Dullerud
Lucy Van Wyk
Author Affiliation
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Christine_Courbasson@camh.net
Source
Fam Community Health. 2007 Apr-Jun;30(2):112-20
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acupuncture, Ear
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcoholism - psychology - therapy
Anxiety Disorders - complications - prevention & control
Depressive Disorder - complications - prevention & control
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Ontario
Personality Inventory
Self Efficacy
Substance Abuse Treatment Centers
Substance-Related Disorders - psychology - therapy
Treatment Outcome
Young Adult
Abstract
This exploratory study evaluated the benefits of adding auricular acupuncture to a 21-day outpatient structured psychoeducational treatment program for women with concurrent substance use problems, anxiety, and depression. Women receiving acupuncture (n = 185) reported having reduced physiological cravings for substances, felt significantly less depressed, less anxious, and were better able to reflect on and resolve difficulties than women in the control group (n = 101). It was found that auricular acupuncture, as an adjunct therapy to a comprehensive psychoeducational treatment program for women with addictions, shows promise in being an effective, more viable treatment alternative to anxiolytics.
PubMed ID
19241647 View in PubMed
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Acute whiplash-associated disorders (WAD): the effects of early mobilization and prognostic factors in long-term symptomatology.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature49911
Source
Clin Rehabil. 2000 Oct;14(5):457-67
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2000
Author
A. Söderlund
C. Olerud
P. Lindberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Source
Clin Rehabil. 2000 Oct;14(5):457-67
Date
Oct-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Early Ambulation
Exercise Therapy
Female
Hospitals, University
Humans
Immobilization
Male
Neck - physiopathology
Pain - etiology - rehabilitation
Pain Measurement
Prognosis
Random Allocation
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Self Efficacy
Shoulder - physiopathology
Sweden
Treatment Outcome
Whiplash Injuries - complications - rehabilitation
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To compare two different home exercise programmes for patients with acute whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). A further aim was to describe the initial prognostic variables related to self-reported pain at six months follow-up. DESIGN: A randomized treatment study with a follow-up period of six months. SETTINGS: The study was undertaken in an orthopaedic clinic at a university hospital. SUBJECTS: A total of 59 symptomatic (neck pain, stiffness, etc.) patients with acute whiplash injury. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized to a regular treatment group (RT group) and an additional-exercise treatment group (AT group). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain Disability Index (PDI), Self-Efficacy Scale (SES), Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ), neck range of motion (ROM), head posture, kinaesthetic sensibility, visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS: Patients given an additional exercise did not improve more than patients with regular treatment. Only one CSQ item, 'Ability to decrease pain', showed a significant difference between the groups in its pattern of change over time: the AT group had a significant increase between three and six months whilst values in the RT group decreased. Nonsymptomatic patients at six months follow-up were characterized by initially better self-efficacy, lower disability and significantly different patterns in the use of 'behavioural coping strategies' when compared with symptomatic patients. The nonsymptomatic patients also reported more frequent training than symptomatic patients, i.e. they complied better with the treatment regime. CONCLUSION: This home exercise programme, including training of neck and shoulder ROM, relaxation and general advice seems to be sufficient treatment for acute WAD patients when used on a daily basis. Additionally, patients reporting low self-efficacy and high disability levels may profit from more attention initially, as these psychological factors are significant predictors of pain at long-term follow-up.
PubMed ID
11043871 View in PubMed
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The adaptation of a Danish version of the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire: reliability and construct validity in a population of patients with fibromyalgia in Denmark.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature280720
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2016 Mar;30(1):202-10
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2016
Author
Marianne U Rasmussen
Susan Rydahl-Hansen
Kirstine Amris
Bente Danneskiold Samsøe
Erik L Mortensen
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2016 Mar;30(1):202-10
Date
Mar-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Denmark
Female
Fibromyalgia - physiopathology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pain Measurement
Self Efficacy
Abstract
The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) in a population of patients with fibromyalgia in Denmark. The study sample included 102 patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia referred to a specialist clinic. The PSEQ was translated and adapted to a Danish setting using a standard stepwise forward-backward translation procedure, followed by initial testing and focus group interview. Reliability was examined by analysing internal consistency and test-retest agreement. Construct validity was examined by investigating dimensionality, targeting, local independence, category functioning and differential item functioning (DIF). Reliability was high: Cronbach's alpha 0.88, test-retest correlation 0.93, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) 0.89 and item-total correlations 0.44-0.70. Factor analyses and item response (IRT) models indicated unidimensionality, and the PSEQ-DK was well targeted to the sample. High interitem correlation was observed between two items, indicating local dependence, and item misfit and DIF were observed for a few items. However, the overall fit of the scale to a single-factor model and IRT models supported acceptable construct validity. The PSEQ-DK showed acceptable psychometric properties and can therefore represent a reliable and valid measure for evaluating self-efficacy in patients with fibromyalgia in Denmark.
PubMed ID
25924021 View in PubMed
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The added value of a brief self-efficacy coaching on the effectiveness of a 12-week physical activity program.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature117957
Source
J Phys Act Health. 2014 Jan;11(1):18-29
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2014
Author
Jan Seghers
Ann-Sophie Van Hoecke
Astrid Schotte
Joke Opdenacker
Filip Boen
Author Affiliation
Dept of Kinesiology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
Source
J Phys Act Health. 2014 Jan;11(1):18-29
Date
Jan-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Body mass index
Exercise - physiology
Female
Finland
Health Education - methods
Humans
Leisure Activities
Male
Metabolic Equivalent - physiology
Middle Aged
Patient compliance
Physical Fitness - physiology - psychology
Program Evaluation
Questionnaires
Sedentary lifestyle
Self Efficacy
Socioeconomic Factors
Time Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
Self-efficacy has been found to be an important precondition for behavioral change in sedentary people. The current study examined the effectiveness and added value of including a 15-minute self-efficacy coaching at the start of a 12-week lifestyle physical activity (PA) program.
Participants were randomly assigned to a standard-intervention group (without additional self-efficacy coaching, N = 116) or extra-intervention group (with additional self-efficacy coaching, N = 111). Body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular fitness, self-reported PA, and self-efficacy beliefs were assessed at baseline and immediately after the intervention period. Perceived adherence to the PA program was assessed postintervention.
At posttest, a significant increase in cardiovascular fitness and decrease in BMI were found in both groups. Significant intervention effects emerged on PA behavior, self-efficacy, and program adherence, in favor of the extra-intervention group. Self-efficacy mediated the intervention effect on program adherence whereas no evidence was found for its role as mediator of PA change.
Adding a 15-minute self-efficacy coaching at the start of a lifestyle PA program is a promising strategy to enhance the intervention effects on PA behavior, self-efficacy beliefs, and program adherence. However, the role of self-efficacy as mediator of the intervention effect on in PA was not fully supported.
PubMed ID
23249643 View in PubMed
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857 records – page 1 of 86.