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1759 records – page 1 of 176.

A 57-year follow-up study of occlusion : part 1: oral health and attitudes to teeth among individuals with normal occlusion at the age of 8 years.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature157006
Source
J Orofac Orthop. 2008 May;69(3):201-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2008
Author
Rolf Elling Berg
Arild Stenvik
Lisen Espeland
Author Affiliation
Department of Orthodontics, University of Oslo, Norway. rolfell@start.no
Source
J Orofac Orthop. 2008 May;69(3):201-12
Date
May-2008
Language
English
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Attitude to Health
Dental Occlusion
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norway - epidemiology
Oral Health
Prevalence
Reference Values
Self Concept
Tooth Extraction - statistics & numerical data
Tooth Loss - epidemiology
Abstract
To analyze occlusal changes between the ages of 8 and 65 years in 18 persons with normal occlusion at the age of 8 (N-group), to describe their attitudes toward dental esthetics and their experiences regarding their dentition.
The N-group is considered as the reference group in comparison with malocclusion groups that will be presented in subsequent articles. Documentation is based on intraoral photographs and personal interviews.
In general, the occlusal changes were moderate. The probands were all satisfied with their teeth and tooth position. They were all examined at regular intervals by their dentists and practiced generally good oral hygiene. The average number of missing teeth was 1.4 (0-6) and the number of prosthodontically -restored or replaced teeth was 6.4 (0-24). Fifteen persons reported well-positioned teeth to be important. However, 17 found that visibly poor oral hygiene, discolored or missing teeth or the "total impression", to be more important than malpositioned front teeth.
Generally speaking, occlusal changes were moderate and satisfaction with the dentition was good. Discolored or missing teeth and poor oral hygiene were found to be the most disturbing negative traits with respect to dental esthetics.
PubMed ID
18506405 View in PubMed
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Ability OnLine: children in hospital now in touch with the world.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214112
Source
Leadersh Health Serv. 1995 Nov-Dec;4(6):26-9, 43
Publication Type
Article
Author
A. Lefebvre
M. McClure
Author Affiliation
Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Leadersh Health Serv. 1995 Nov-Dec;4(6):26-9, 43
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Child
Child, Hospitalized - psychology
Chronic Disease - psychology
Communication Aids for Disabled
Computer Communication Networks - utilization
Disabled Persons - psychology
Humans
Organizational Innovation
Peer Group
Self Concept
Social Facilitation
Social Support
Abstract
Health prevention seeks to avoid the onset of disease or symptoms by eliminating or at least minimizing environmental factors that increase the risk of illness. This article describes Ability OnLine, an innovative program designed to reduce the isolation young people can experience in a healthcare facility or when confined to their home. The electronic bulletin board is a friendly platform for disabled and chronically ill children to easily communicate with their peers and adult and teen mentors.
PubMed ID
10172531 View in PubMed
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Ability to solve problems, professionalism, management, empathy, and working capacity in occupational therapy--the professional self description form.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature73247
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 1994;8(3):173-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
M T Gullberg
H M Olsson
G. Alenfelt
A B Ivarsson
M. Nilsson
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 1994;8(3):173-8
Date
1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Empathy
Female
Health Personnel - psychology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational therapy
Problem Solving
Professional Competence
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Self Concept
Abstract
The majority of occupational therapists in Sweden previously worked on large occupational therapy wards. Health care policy has changed over the years and the system has been reorganized accordingly. The employment situation for occupational therapists has also changed. This paper focuses on the perception of professional self among occupational therapists. The objective was to explore the professional self and to suggest components important to the occupational therapist profession. The Professional Self Description Form (PSDF) was used for the exploration of self. The 19 items in the PSDF cover areas relevant to professional functioning and activity. Sixty-eight employed occupational therapists participated. The results of the PSDF were subjected to factor analysis and five factors were obtained; Ability to solve problems, Professionalism, Management, Empathy, and Working capacity. We believe that these five factors can function as improving domains of the role of the professional occupational therapist in Sweden.
PubMed ID
7724926 View in PubMed
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Acceptability of dental appearance in a group of Finnish 16- to 25-year-olds.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature151199
Source
Angle Orthod. 2009 May;79(3):479-83
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-2009
Author
Anna-Liisa Svedström-Oristo
Terttu Pietilä
Ilpo Pietilä
Tero Vahlberg
Pentti Alanen
Juha Varrela
Author Affiliation
Department of Oral Development and Orthodontics, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Lemminkäisenkatu 2, 20520 Turku, Finland. anlisve@utu.fi
Source
Angle Orthod. 2009 May;79(3):479-83
Date
May-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Area Under Curve
Diastema - pathology
Esthetics, Dental
Female
Finland
Humans
Incisor - pathology
Male
Malocclusion - classification - psychology
Needs Assessment
Orthodontics, Corrective - psychology
Personal Satisfaction
ROC Curve
Self Concept
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Abstract
To define a grade in the Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) that would differentiate between esthetically acceptable and unacceptable occlusions and that would also be both subjectively and objectively meaningful.
Dental appearance and self-perceived orthodontic treatment need were analyzed in a group of Finnish young adults (171 males, 263 females, age range 16-25 years). Subjective data were gathered using a questionnaire, and the respondents were requested to score their dental appearance on a visual analog type 10-grade scale. Professional assessment of dental appearance was performed by two orthodontists using the AC of the IOTN. The cutoff value between esthetically acceptable and unacceptable occlusions was defined using receiver operating characteristic curves.
Sixty-six percent of orthodontically treated and 74% of the untreated respondents were satisfied with their own dental appearance. Every third respondent reported one or more disturbing traits in their dentition. The most frequently expressed reason for dissatisfaction was crowding; girls expressed dissatisfaction more often than boys did (P = .005). A self-perceived treatment need was reported infrequently by 8% of orthodontically treated and 6% of untreated respondents. In the logistic regression analysis, self-perceived need for orthodontic treatment was the only significant factor explaining dissatisfaction with own dental esthetics. On the applied scales, grades 1 and 2 fulfilled the criteria for satisfactory dental esthetics.
The results suggest that the AC grade 3 could serve as a cutoff value between esthetically acceptable and unacceptable occlusions.
PubMed ID
19413382 View in PubMed
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The acceptability of physical activity programming within a smoking cessation service for individuals with severe mental illness.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165975
Source
Patient Educ Couns. 2007 Apr;66(1):123-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2007
Author
Guy Faulkner
Adrian Taylor
Shelly Munro
Peter Selby
Chris Gee
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Physical Education and Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. guy.faulkner@utoronto.ca
Source
Patient Educ Couns. 2007 Apr;66(1):123-6
Date
Apr-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Decision Making
Depressive Disorder - epidemiology - psychology - rehabilitation
Exercise Therapy
Female
Health Services Accessibility
Health services needs and demand
Humans
Life Style
Male
Middle Aged
Motivation
Nursing Methodology Research
Ontario - epidemiology
Patient Acceptance of Health Care - psychology
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk Reduction Behavior
Schizophrenia - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Schizophrenic Psychology
Self Concept
Severity of Illness Index
Smoking - epidemiology - prevention & control - psychology
Smoking Cessation - psychology
Social Support
Abstract
There is a high prevalence of smoking and physical inactivity among individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). The current study assessed the acceptability of introducing physical activity, including perceived advantages and disadvantages, as an adjunct to a smoking cessation service within this population.
109 participants with SMI who were receiving smoking cessation treatment completed a survey assessing perceived interest in physical activity and a 24-item decisional balance questionnaire reflecting potential advantages and disadvantages of becoming more physically active.
The majority of the participants reported being interested in assistance in becoming more active [63% (69/109)]. The highest rated advantages reported were 'It would improve my health or reduce my risk of disease' and 'It would improve how I feel about myself'. Cost, and being active by oneself were the most frequently reported barriers.
This study suggests that many individuals with SMI seeking treatment for smoking cessation may also be receptive to assistance in becoming more physically active. Such individuals endorse both advantages and disadvantages more frequently than those not interested.
This study provides preliminary support for the acceptability of adding physical activity as a smoking cessation strategy with SMI individuals. Addressing salient barriers will be critical to integrating physical activity within this smoking cessation service.
PubMed ID
17184957 View in PubMed
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Acceptance of disability and sense of coherence in individuals with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature47367
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2003 Sep;12(5):770-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2003
Author
Britta Berglund
Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson
Gun Nordström
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. britta.berglund@omv.ki.se
Source
J Clin Nurs. 2003 Sep;12(5):770-7
Date
Sep-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Attitude to Health
Chronic Disease - psychology
Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome - psychology
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health status
Humans
Internal-External Control
Male
Questionnaires
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Self Concept
Sickness Impact Profile
Sweden
Abstract
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a relatively rare, inherited connective tissue disorder and skin hyperextensibility, joint hypermobility, chronic joint and limb pain, blood vessel and tissue fragility are frequent symptoms. The aims of this study were to describe the degree to which individuals with EDS accept and cope with perceived limitations related to the syndrome, and to determine the relationships between acceptance of disability (AD), sense of coherence (SOC), functional health status and background data. Four questionnaires were mailed: the AD scale Modified (ADM), the SOC Scale, the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) and a background form. The respondents with EDS were recruited through the EDS National Association in Sweden and the response rate was 74% (69 females and eight males). The Ethical Committee at Huddinge University Hospital (ref. no. 152/95) approved the study. This study has shown that the level of AD and SOC in individuals with EDS is similar to other patient groups, e.g. individuals with ostomy and with diabetes. Further, the SOC was in concordance with that of the general population. Those working full-time accepted their disability to a greater degree than those on sick leave or disability pension. A multiple regression analysis showed that a greater AD was associated with a higher level of SOC and a better functional health status. The SOC and SIP together accounted for 50% of the variance in the ADM. For health promotion in nursing practice it is important to have insight into the problem areas which may influence the overall life situation for an individual with EDS. A key issue for nurses is to identify individuals with low acceptance of their disease and/or low SOC in order to support these persons' adaptation process. Future research on EDS may be directed towards projects focusing on the development and implementation of models to strengthen the level of AD and SOC in this group.
PubMed ID
12919224 View in PubMed
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[Acclimatization of relocated children and adolescents]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature38186
Source
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr. 1989 Mar;17(1):10-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1989
Author
I. Moilanen
A. Myhrman
Author Affiliation
Kinderklinik, Universität Oulu, Finnland.
Source
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr. 1989 Mar;17(1):10-6
Date
Mar-1989
Language
German
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acculturation
Adolescent
Child
Child Reactive Disorders - psychology
Emigration and Immigration
English Abstract
Female
Finland
Humans
Learning Disorders - psychology
Male
Personality Development
Psychological Tests
Self Concept
Sweden - ethnology
Abstract
The effects of return migration on emotional well-being were studied in those school-aged children and adolescents who had returned to northern Finland from Sweden during 1984 and 1985. Each of the 320 returning children and adolescents was assigned a control from the same class at school, matched for age and sex, who had not emigrated. According to a parent questionnaire, the returning boys were irritable more often than the control boys, and they also scored higher on the self-report scale "Children's Depression Inventory." In the teachers' evaluations (Rutter B2 Scale), the returning boys had psychiatric disorders more often than their controls. For both returning boys and girls, overall scholastic achievement was poorer than in the controls, but performance in foreign languages (mainly English) was better. If the father was absent from the family, this was reflected in the scholastic achievement and emotional well-being of both the returnees and the control subjects. How well the children coped with their return to Finland was also affected by what the language of instruction had been in Sweden, whether there had been a language change upon returning to Finland and how much mental preparation there had been for moving.
PubMed ID
2728619 View in PubMed
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Acculturation mode, identity variation, and psychosocial adjustment.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature211379
Source
J Soc Psychol. 1996 Aug;136(4):493-500
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1996
Author
T. Damji
R. Clément
K A Noels
Author Affiliation
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Source
J Soc Psychol. 1996 Aug;136(4):493-500
Date
Aug-1996
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acculturation
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Canada
Depressive Disorder - ethnology
England - ethnology
Female
France - ethnology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Self Concept
Social Adjustment
Stress, Psychological - ethnology
Abstract
The hypothesis that it is the variability of a person's identity--as opposed to the particular combinations of identities--that produces stress during the acculturation process was examined. Two hundred ninety-five native Anglophone students at the University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, provided demographic data and completed the following measures: the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck & Beck, 1972), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (1965), the Situated Identity Measure (Clément & Noels, 1992), and the Psychological Stress Measure (Lemyre, Tessier, & Fillion, 1990). Results of ANOVAs contrasting level of identification and variability of identification indicated that an exclusively Anglophone identity was related to a higher level of depression, lower self-esteem, and a higher level of stress than the other modes of acculturation, but only when the variability in identity with the English group was high. Thus, the participants who identified strongly with the English group but were not committed to this identity experienced more psychological adjustment problems.
PubMed ID
8855379 View in PubMed
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Active and Passive Social Media Use and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depressed Mood Among Icelandic Adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature310209
Source
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2019 Aug; 22(8):535-542
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Aug-2019
Author
Ingibjorg Eva Thorisdottir
Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir
Bryndis Bjork Asgeirsdottir
John P Allegrante
Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Author Affiliation
1Department of Psychology, Reykjavik University, Reykjavik, Iceland.
Source
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2019 Aug; 22(8):535-542
Date
Aug-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Anxiety - epidemiology - psychology
Depression - epidemiology - psychology
Emotions
Female
Humans
Iceland - epidemiology
Male
Prevalence
Self Concept
Self Report
Social Media - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Adolescent use of social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat has increased dramatically over the last decade and now pervades their everyday social lives. Active and passive social media use may impact emotional health differently, but little is known about whether and to what extent either type of social media use influences emotional distress among young people. We analyzed population survey data collected from Icelandic adolescents (N?=?10,563) to document the prevalence of social media use and investigate the relationship of both active and passive social media use with self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood. A hierarchical linear regression model revealed that passive social media use was related to greater symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood among adolescents and active social media use was related to decreased symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood, even after controlling for time spent on social media. When adding known risk and protective factors, self-esteem, offline peer support, poor body image, and social comparison to the model, active use was not related to emotional distress; however, passive use was still related to adolescent symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood. The effect of social media on emotional distress differed by gender as time spent on social media had a stronger relationship with emotional distress among girls. In addition, passive use was more strongly related to symptoms of depressed mood among girls. Future research should include risk and protective factors as mediators of different types of social media use and adolescent emotional distress.
PubMed ID
31361508 View in PubMed
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Activities of daily living among St Petersburg women after mild stroke.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature162564
Source
Occup Ther Int. 2007;14(3):170-82
Publication Type
Article
Date
2007
Author
Ann Johansson
Ekaterina Mishina
Andrey Ivanov
Anita Björklund
Author Affiliation
School of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation, Jönköping, Sweden.
Source
Occup Ther Int. 2007;14(3):170-82
Date
2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living
Adult
Employment
Family - psychology
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Russia
Self Concept
Stroke - physiopathology - psychology - rehabilitation
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to determine how women living in St Petersburg, Russia, who have had a mild stroke, describe their performance in activities of daily living (ADL) and to elicit possible causes of their occupational dysfunction. Thirty-six women who had experienced a mild stroke and been referred to a rehabilitation centre participated in the study. Data collection was conducted through interviews, including the 'ADL Staircase' and a modified 'Frenchay Activities Index for Stroke Patients'. Additional data were collected through field notes and information from team members and relatives. The results showed that women who have had a mild stroke and ADL limitations experience occupational dysfunction in ADL that is most often caused by a combination of overprotection from relatives, the women's own feelings of anxiety and insecurity, and an overemphasizing of their disability. The results are limited, based on the small sample and restricted geographic area. There is a need to further investigate how individuals who have had a mild stroke can be physically and socially rehabilitated and reintegrated into the community in countries with developing economies such as Russia.
PubMed ID
17621375 View in PubMed
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1759 records – page 1 of 176.