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[Analysis of a school timetable, bearing in mind the health status of children].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature175868
Source
Gig Sanit. 2005 Jan-Feb;(1):43-4
Publication Type
Article
Author
V A Vishnevskii
Source
Gig Sanit. 2005 Jan-Feb;(1):43-4
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Health status
Humans
Learning - physiology
Physical Fitness
Russia
Schools - standards
Students
Time Factors
Abstract
A type of medical examination of a school timetable is proposed, by bearing in mind the actual educational price established at a specific educational establishment. The ratio of the physiological and emotional stress in pupils during schooling to their learning progress and physical fitness is the price of schooling. The study has revealed no direct relationship between the level of schooling load and the price of education. There are difficulties in learning within the first days of a week and a need for additional efforts to maintain the pupils' working capacity at the end of a week.
PubMed ID
15751300 View in PubMed
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Associations between plasma concentrations of PCB 28 and possible indoor exposure sources in Danish school children and mothers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275191
Source
Environ Int. 2016 Feb;87:13-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2016
Author
Emilie Lund Egsmose
Elvira Vaclavik Bräuner
Marie Frederiksen
Thit Aarøe Mørck
Volkert Dirk Siersma
Pernille Winton Hansen
Flemming Nielsen
Philippe Grandjean
Lisbeth E Knudsen
Source
Environ Int. 2016 Feb;87:13-9
Date
Feb-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants - blood
Air Pollution, Indoor - analysis
Child
Construction Materials - analysis
Denmark
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Mothers
Polychlorinated biphenyls - blood
Schools - standards
Students
Abstract
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitously present in the environment and are suspected of carcinogenic, neurotoxic and immunotoxic effects. Significantly higher plasma concentrations of the congener PCB 28 occur in children compared to adults. Exposure in schools may contribute to this difference.
To determine whether increased blood plasma concentrations of PCB 28 in Danish school children and mothers are associated with living in homes or attending schools constructed in the PCB period (1959-1977).
PCB 28 was analyzed in plasma samples from 116 children aged 6-11years and 143 mothers living in an urban and a rural area in Denmark and participating in the European pilot project DEMOCOPHES (Demonstration of a study to COordinate and Perform Human Biomonitoring on a European Scale). In Denmark, PCBs were used in construction in the period 1950-1977, and year of construction or renovation of the homes and schools was used as a proxy for indoor PCB exposure. Linear regression models were used to assess the association between potential PCB exposure from building materials and lipid adjusted concentrations of PCB 28 in plasma, with and without adjustment for potential confounders.
Among the 116 children and 143 mothers, we were able to specify home construction period in all but 4 children and 5 mothers leaving 111 children and 138 mothers for our analyses. The median lipid adjusted plasma PCB 28 concentration was 3 (range: 1-28) ng/g lipid in the children and 2 (range: 1-8) ng/g lipid in the mothers. Children living in homes built in the PCB period had significantly higher lipid adjusted plasma PCB 28 concentrations compared to children living in homes built before or after the PCB period. Following adjustment for covariates, PCB 28 concentrations in children were 40 (95% CI: 13; 68) percent higher than concentrations of children living in homes constructed at other times. Furthermore, children attending schools built or substantially refurbished in the PCB period also had significantly higher (46%, 95% CI: 22; 70) PCB 28 concentrations compared to children attending schools constructed before or after the PCB period, while their mothers had similar concentrations. Adjustment for the most prevalent congener, PCB 153, did not change this effect of home or school construction. When both home and school construction year were included in the models, the increase in lipid adjusted plasma PCB 28 for children living in or attending schools from the PCB period was no longer statistically significant. The individual effect of home and school construction periods could not be evaluated further with the available data.
Our results suggest that PCB exposure in the indoor environment in schools and homes constructed during the PCB period may contribute significantly to children's plasma PCB 28 concentration. Efforts to minimize PCB exposure in indoor environments should be considered.
PubMed ID
26638015 View in PubMed
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Children's experiences of school toilets present a risk to their physical and psychological health.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature31167
Source
Child Care Health Dev. 2003 Jan;29(1):47-53
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2003
Author
S. Vernon
B. Lundblad
A L Hellstrom
Author Affiliation
Department of Child Health, Sir James Spence Institute of Child Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. s.j.vernoon@ncl.ac.uk
Source
Child Care Health Dev. 2003 Jan;29(1):47-53
Date
Jan-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Attitude to Health
Child
Comparative Study
England
Female
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Male
Privacy
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Schools - standards
Sweden
Toilet Facilities - standards
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain why children and parents frequently describe problems with school toilets. SETTING: Two contrasting cities in Northern England (Newcastle upon Tyne 394 pupils) and Southern Sweden (Goteborg/Mölndal 157 pupils) METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were given to children aged 9-11 years in England and Sweden. Researchers administered questionnaires to Head teachers and recorded their observations of facilities according to predetermined basic standards. RESULTS: Children from both countries said they found school toilets unpleasant, dirty, smelly, and frightening and that bullying occurred there. Many children avoided using the school toilets (62% of boys and 35% of girls (in the UK site) and 28% boys and girls in Swedish site avoided using the school toilets to defaecate). Results were similar in both centres. CONCLUSION: European standards are needed for school toilets in order to prevent children developing problems such as constipation, urinary tract infections and incontinence.
PubMed ID
12534566 View in PubMed
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[Comparative analysis of morbidity among gymnasium and general educational school students].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature182987
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 Sep-Oct;(5):47-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
E R Valeeva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2003 Sep-Oct;(5):47-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health status
Humans
Morbidity - trends
Russia
Schools - standards
Socioeconomic Factors
Students
Abstract
Gymnasiums and general educational schools have most widely spread in Kazan now. By the end of schooling, the difference in the prevalence of all diseases in the gymnasium and school is 244.22 and 908.11, respectively, i.e. this figure is 3.7 times higher in the general educational school than that in the gymnasium. In the school-leaving forms of a general educational school, the prevalence of different abnormalities is twice higher than in those of gymnasium. Thus, there has been a 2.2-fold decrease in the proportion of apparently healthy children in the past 5 years. In the school-leaving pupils of a general educational school, the prevalence of abnormalities is twice higher than that in gymnasium pupils of the same age and a 13-fold rise in the prevalence of mental disease exacts a very careful attention.
PubMed ID
14598752 View in PubMed
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[Comparative effectiveness of practical training of medical students in the methods of expert hygienic examination of designs of institutions for children and adolescents]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature40903
Source
Gig Sanit. 1980 Nov;(11):51-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1980

[Comparative hygienic evaluation of school buildings in different positions with picture windows].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature255948
Source
Gig Sanit. 1971 Dec;36(12):44-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-1971

Cross-Cultural Content Validity of the Autism Program Environment Rating Scale in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature301125
Source
J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 May; 49(5):1853-1862
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Date
May-2019
Author
Hampus Bejnö
Lise Roll-Pettersson
Lars Klintwall
Ulrika Långh
Samuel L Odom
Sven Bölte
Author Affiliation
Department of Special Education, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. hampus.bejno@specped.su.se.
Source
J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 May; 49(5):1853-1862
Date
May-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Keywords
Autism Spectrum Disorder - rehabilitation
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Early Intervention (Education) - methods - standards
Environment
Female
Humans
Male
Schools - standards
Sweden
Translations
Abstract
Increasing rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and younger age at diagnosis pose a challenge to preschool intervention systems. In Sweden, most young autistic children receive intervention service in community-based preschool programs, but no tool is yet available to assess the quality of the preschool learning environment. This study adapted the Autism Program Environment Rating Scale Preschool/Elementary to Swedish community context (APERS-P-SE). Following translation and a multistep modification process, independent experts rated the content validity of the adaptation. Findings indicate high cross-cultural validity of the adapted APERS-P-SE. The cultural adaption process of the APERS-P-SE highlights similarities and differences between the American and Swedish preschool systems and their impact on early ASD intervention.
PubMed ID
30617551 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Current problems of school education and ways of its hygienic optimization].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature150476
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2009;(5):30-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
2009
Author
M I Stepanova
Z I Sazaniuk
B Z Voronova
M A Polenova
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2009;(5):30-3
Date
2009
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Health Services - trends
Child
Child Health Services - trends
Education - organization & administration
Humans
Hygiene - standards
Russia
Schools - standards
Abstract
The aim of the study was to analyse effects of various innovative forms of school education on the health status and functional abilities of children and adolescents. Enhanced academic loads are shown to be the most unfavourable factor of the school environment. The main consequences of excess teaching load are shortened motor and outdoor activities of the children, smaller duration of night sleep. Optimization of academic routine (alternation of studies and holidays), modular structure of school calendar might help to reduce fatigue during school hours. Hygienic estimates of different variants of specialized education are obtained. Scientifically sound hygienic requirements are proposed to be applied to the organization of academic activities in a new type of educational institutions, full-day schools.
PubMed ID
19507350 View in PubMed
Less detail

Disorienting Dilemmas - the Significance of Resistance and Disturbance in an Intercultural Program within Kindergarten Teacher Education.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297607
Source
Integr Psychol Behav Sci. 2018 09; 52(3):377-387
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Date
09-2018
Author
Åsta Birkeland
Siv Ødemotland
Author Affiliation
Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway. abi@hvl.no.
Source
Integr Psychol Behav Sci. 2018 09; 52(3):377-387
Date
09-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Review
Keywords
Cultural Competency
Cultural Diversity
Curriculum - standards
Humans
Norway
Professional Competence
School Teachers - psychology - standards
Schools - standards
Teacher Training - methods - standards
Abstract
As the Norwegian society, and thereby the kindergartens, have become more multicultural, the need for cultivating teachers capable of operating in an ever diversified and global world is highlighted as an important educational strategy within teacher education. The purpose of the specific intercultural program in kindergarten teacher education discussed in this article refers to competences needed as a professional teacher in a multicultural kindergarten. Teachers often have various assumptions and beliefs taken for granted. Therefore, reflexivity appears in intercultural education as a crucial asset. However, the article argues that the notion of self-contemplation and self-reflection that can give the subject freedom as a thinking being needs to be challenged. Questioning beliefs and assumptions includes an examination of one's emotional experiences, values and perspectives. This examination can threaten one's core beliefs and create powerful feelings such as anger, shame or resentment. Introducing the concept of disorienting dilemmas, the article problematizes the rationalist intellectual orientation in teacher education and discusses the need to focus on intercultural experiences as sensuous, intellectual and affective. The article illustrates some disorienting dilemmas with narratives from students who have attended the program. Finally, the article considers the conditions and pedagogical means that might support a more holistic approach to learning in intercultural experiences.
PubMed ID
29779150 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Effect of lighting conditions during visual work on the development of vision disorders in schoolchildren]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature37984
Source
Gig Sanit. 1989 Nov;(11):89-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1989

50 records – page 1 of 5.