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Changes in physical activity and sedentary time in the Finnish Schools on the Move program: a quasi-experimental study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290447
Source
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2017 Nov; 27(11):1442-1453
Publication Type
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Date
Nov-2017
Author
Henna L Haapala
Mirja H Hirvensalo
Janne Kulmala
Harto Hakonen
Anna Kankaanpää
Kaarlo Laine
Lauri Laakso
Tuija H Tammelin
Author Affiliation
LIKES Research Center for Sport and Health Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland.
Source
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2017 Nov; 27(11):1442-1453
Date
Nov-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Keywords
Actigraphy
Adolescent
Child
Exercise
Female
Finland
Health promotion
Humans
Leisure Activities
Male
Schools
Abstract
The aim of the Finnish Schools on the Move program is to create a more active and pleasant school day through physical activity (PA). In this quasi-experimental design, we compared changes in moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) during the school day and outside school hours for Grades 1-9 over two academic years in four program schools and two reference schools. Altogether 319 girls and boys aged 7-15 participated in the study between 2010 and 2012. MVPA and ST were measured four times over the 1.5-year follow-up period for seven consecutive days, using a hip-worn ActiGraph accelerometer. Linear growth curve modeling was used to examine the effect of the program on MVPA and ST during follow-up. School day MVPA increased (P = 0.010) and school day ST decreased (P = 0.008) in program primary schools (Grades 1-6) more compared with the reference schools. The effect sizes (Cohen's d) for the difference in change (from the first to the last measurement) were small (d = 0.18 and d = -0.27, respectively). No differences in the changes of leisure-time or whole-day MVPA and ST between the program and reference schools were observed during follow-up. In conclusion, the changes in school day MVPA and ST did not translate into positive effects across the whole day. More effective and longer promotion actions are needed for positive changes in PA and ST, especially in lower secondary schools and for all daily segments.
PubMed ID
27781314 View in PubMed
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Addictive behaviors, social and psychosocial factors, and electronic cigarette use among adolescents: a population-based study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290960
Source
Public Health. 2018 Feb; 155:129-132
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Feb-2018
Author
M Lindström
M Rosvall
Author Affiliation
Social Medicine and Health Policy, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, S-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. Electronic address: martin.lindstrom@med.lu.se.
Source
Public Health. 2018 Feb; 155:129-132
Date
Feb-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior - psychology
Alcohol Drinking - epidemiology - psychology
Behavior, addictive - psychology
Cigarette Smoking - epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Narcotics
Risk factors
Schools
Sweden - epidemiology
Vaping - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The aim was to investigate associations between e-cigarette use and social and psychosocial factors and cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and narcotics use among adolescents attending 9th grade in primary school and 2nd grade in secondary school.
Cross-sectional study.
The public health survey among adolescents in Scania in 2016 includes pupils in grades 9 and 2. The associations between e-cigarette use and lifestyle, social and psychosocial factors, and trust were investigated with logistic regressions.
In 9th grade, 32% of male pupils and 27% of female pupils had ever used e-cigarettes, and in 2nd grade, 43% of males and 31% of females had ever used e-cigarettes. E-cigarette use was significantly associated with current smoking, snus (a moist powder tobacco product originating in Sweden) use, water pipe use, intensive alcohol consumption, and narcotics and also with psychosocial conditions related to home and parents, peers, and school.
The prevalence of ever e-cigarette use was high among adolescents attending both grades. E-cigarette use was most strongly associated with health-related lifestyles. It was also associated with psychosocial factors such as study difficulties, school stress, problems talking with parents, and generalized trust.
PubMed ID
29353186 View in PubMed
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Classroom relationship qualities and social-cognitive correlates of defending and passive bystanding in school bullying in Sweden: A multilevel analysis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290991
Source
J Sch Psychol. 2017 Aug; 63:49-62
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Aug-2017
Author
Robert Thornberg
Linda Wänström
Jun Sung Hong
Dorothy L Espelage
Author Affiliation
Linköping University, Sweden. Electronic address: robert.thornberg@liu.se.
Source
J Sch Psychol. 2017 Aug; 63:49-62
Date
Aug-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Bullying
Child
Cognition
Female
Humans
Male
Morals
Multilevel Analysis
Peer Group
Schools
Self Efficacy
Social Behavior
Students - psychology
Sweden
Abstract
Using the social-ecological and social cognitive theories as integrated guiding frameworks, the present study examined whether moral disengagement and defender self-efficacy at the individual level, and moral disengagement, quality of teacher-student relationships and quality of student-student relationships at the classroom level were associated with passive bystanding and defending in bullying situations. Participants were 900 Swedish students from 43 classrooms, ranging in age from 9 to 13years. Multilevel regression analyses revealed that passive reactions by bystanders were associated with greater moral disengagement and less defender self-efficacy. Defending, in turn, was associated with less moral disengagement and greater defender self-efficacy and classroom student-student relationship quality. Furthermore, students who scored high in moral disengagement were even less prone to defend victims when the classroom student-student relationship quality was low, but more prone to act as defenders when the classroom student-student relationship quality was high. In addition, the negative association between defender self-efficacy and passive bystanding was stronger both in classrooms with higher student-student relationship quality and in those with lower class moral disengagement. Implications for prevention are discussed.
PubMed ID
28633938 View in PubMed
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Pain prevalence in nine- to 13-year-old schoolchildren.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166216
Source
Pain Res Manag. 2006;11(4):234-40
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
Author
Adam van Dijk
Patricia A McGrath
William Pickett
Elizabeth G VanDenKerkhof
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Source
Pain Res Manag. 2006;11(4):234-40
Date
2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Male
Ontario - epidemiology
Pain - classification - epidemiology - psychology
Pain Measurement - methods
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Schools
Sex Factors
Students
Abstract
Despite significant progress in the epidemiology of chronic pain in adults, major gaps remain in our understanding of the epidemiology of chronic pain in children. In particular, the incidence, prevalence and sensory characteristics of many types of pain in Canadian children are unknown.
A study to obtain the lifetime and point prevalence of common acute pains, recurrent pain syndromes and chronic pains was conducted in a cohort of 495 school children, nine to 13 years of age, in eastern Ontario.
Children reported their pain experiences and described the intensity, affect and duration of the pains experienced over the previous month by completing the Pain Experience Interview -- Short Form.
The majority of children (96%) experienced some acute pain over the previous month, with headache (78%) being most frequently reported. Lifetime prevalence for certain acute pains differed significantly by sex (P
Notes
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PubMed ID
17149456 View in PubMed
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The role played by a former federal government residential school in a First Nation community's alcohol abuse and impaired driving: results of a talking circle.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166335
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Sep;65(4):347-56
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2006
Author
J Peter Rothe
Patricia Makokis
Lorna Steinhauer
William Aguiar
Lena Makokis
George Brertton
Author Affiliation
Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research, Public Health Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. peter.rothe@ualberta.ca
Source
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2006 Sep;65(4):347-56
Date
Sep-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Alberta - epidemiology
Alcoholism - ethnology
Automobile Driving - psychology
Family - psychology
Federal Government
Female
Health Education - organization & administration
Humans
Indians, North American - psychology
Intergenerational Relations
Male
Schools - organization & administration
Abstract
The study's objective was to better understand alcohol abuse and impaired driving behaviors in a First Nations community as it reflects systemic issues linked to historical, family and community experiences.
Fifteen 18- to 29-year-old drivers participated in an exploratory eight-hour Talking Circle held according to traditional cultural practice. Four First Nations researchers, trained in Talking Circle protocol, and a Band Elder facilitated the data collection, data analysis according to emerging themes, and data verification.
Federal government residential schools contribute to intergenerational effects which impact impaired driving in a northern First Nations community. Traditional parental role modeling has changed dramatically. Rather than guide children through a communally shared development process, many parents now expect their children to assume adult roles by expecting them to take care of their guardians when they drink excessive amounts of alcohol. Because a wall of silence exists between the young and old, many young people seek refuge with friends and peers, who subsequently influence them to abuse alcohol and engage in impaired driving. Many older Band members no longer serve as leaders for young people. Instead, they behave like peers and engage in activities that facilitate alcohol abuse and impaired driving.
Historical institutions like federal government residential schools have contributed to systemic socio cultural problems which influence alcohol abuse and impaired driving. Hence there is a need for community-based intervention strategies that promote cultural healing. The healing journey can start with First Nations communities providing their people opportunities to share their stresses and traumas in supporting and nurturing environments.
PubMed ID
17131973 View in PubMed
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School health nurses and substance use among adolescents - towards individual identification and early intervention.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166439
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2006 Dec;20(4):439-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Marjatta Pirskanen
Anna-Maija Pietilä
Pirjo Halonen
Eila Laukkanen
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing Science, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland. marjatta.pirskanen@uku.fi
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2006 Dec;20(4):439-47
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Alcohol Drinking - prevention & control - psychology
Counseling
Finland
Humans
Questionnaires
Risk factors
School Nursing
Social Environment
Substance-Related Disorders - nursing - prevention & control - psychology
Abstract
Adolescents' health is today threatened by the use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances. It is therefore important to develop interventions related to substance use in school health care. The aim of this study was to examine the empowering or risk background factors related to substance use among adolescents, and the ability of school nurses (PHN) to identify these factors and to provide needed individual early intervention. The data were collected by semistructured questionnaires completed by 14- to 18-year-old adolescents (n = 326, response rate 79) and PHNs (n = 10) in 2004. The adolescent questionnaire consisted of items related to the respondents' background and Adolescents' Substance Use Measurement (ADSUME). Following individual consent, adolescents' ADSUME responses were sent to the PHNs for intervention. The PHNs assessed the adolescents' empowering background factors and intervention using the questionnaire, and 70% (n = 228) of their answers matched the adolescents' answers. The data were analysed with the SPSS software using the chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test, kappa coefficient and agreement percentages. Substance use among adolescents was associated with parental support, mother's education and smoking, the adolescents' knowledge about substances, peer support and hobbies. The PHNs' assessments regarding supportive background were not in agreement with the assessments of adolescents who were using hazardous substances. One-fifth of the adolescents received the brief intervention, although many of them might have needed extra support and follow-up on the basis of their ADSUME results. The research findings can be generalized only for alcohol use, because only 3% of the study informants used substances other than alcohol. Further research is warranted concerning PHNs' ability to identify hazardous substance use and to ensure preventive early intervention and requisite support among substance-using adolescents in order to improve evidence-based health promotion.
PubMed ID
17116153 View in PubMed
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Possible transmission of hepatitis A in a school setting.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166445
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2006 Nov 15;32(22):263-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-15-2006
Author
E. Brodkin
M. Lindegger
S. Kassam
R. Gustafson
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada.
Source
Can Commun Dis Rep. 2006 Nov 15;32(22):263-5
Date
Nov-15-2006
Language
English
French
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
British Columbia - epidemiology
Child
Hepatitis A - epidemiology - transmission
Humans
Male
Schools
PubMed ID
17115509 View in PubMed
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Reforming hospital nursing: the experiences of Maria Machin.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166572
Source
Nurs Inq. 2006 Dec;13(4):249-58
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Carol Helmstadter
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. Carol.helmstadter@rogers.com
Source
Nurs Inq. 2006 Dec;13(4):249-58
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Faculty, Nursing - history
Great Britain
Health Care Reform - history
History, 19th Century
Hospitals, General - history
Humans
Missions and Missionaries - history
Nurse Administrators - history
Nursing Service, Hospital - history
Professional Autonomy
Quebec
Schools, Nursing - history
Social Values
South Africa
Women's Rights - history
Women, Working - history
Abstract
The reform of hospital nursing in the last quarter of the nineteenth century brought nursing leaders into conflict with the gendered and class bound structure of Victorian society. The experiences of Maria Machin are used in this article as an example of the barriers nursing leaders had to overcome in order to establish a competent nursing service. While Machin was eminently successful in improving patient care and expanding the knowledge base of her nurses, she could not change the perceptions of nursing which the public at large held. At the beginning of the nineteenth century hospital nurses had been essentially cleaning women who gave some of the less important nursing care. They formed a cheap service which many hospital governors considered a relatively low priority in the overall operation of the hospital. This view of nursing persisted long after the reformers had made nursing into something quite different. Machin's nursing career also illustrates how nursing participated in a major aspect of British imperialism, the export of professional expertise and administrative skills as well as the way nursing fitted into the rise of the new professionalism.
PubMed ID
17100799 View in PubMed
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From novice to informed educator: the teaching scholars program for educators in the health sciences.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature166882
Source
Acad Med. 2006 Nov;81(11):969-74
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2006
Author
Yvonne Steinert
Peter J McLeod
Author Affiliation
Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. yvonne.steinert@mcgill.edu
Source
Acad Med. 2006 Nov;81(11):969-74
Date
Nov-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Curriculum
Education, Medical, Graduate - methods
Faculty, Medical - standards
Fellowships and Scholarships
Humans
Leadership
Middle Aged
Organizational Case Studies
Professional Competence
Program Development
Quebec
Schools, Medical - organization & administration
Staff Development - methods
Total Quality Management
Abstract
The Teaching Scholars Program for Educators in the Health Sciences at McGill University, in Montreal, Quebec, was designed to promote the professional development of health science educators by increasing their expertise in developing and implementing educational programs and taking on leadership roles in education. This program, which was initiated in 1997 and is tailored to the individual needs of the participants, consists of participation in: two university courses; a monthly seminar; a research study or an educational project, consisting of curriculum design and evaluation; and faculty-wide faculty development activities. As of 2006, 34 scholars have completed this program. Outcome data indicate that the majority of teaching scholars have taken on new roles and responsibilities in medical education; maintained the changes implemented in their teaching practices; continued to participate in faculty development activities; and presented their work at educational meetings. A number of scholars have also applied successfully for educationally related grants and have published their educational projects. Five of the scholars have pursued advanced studies. This program, which aims to move beyond the improvement of teaching skills by providing a foundation for educational leadership and scholarship, resembles many others in its emphasis on independent study, peer support, and the maintenance of ongoing responsibilities. It is innovative in that scholars participate in university courses and are encouraged to attend an "outside" conference or course. The overall benefits of this program, as noted by the scholars, include increased knowledge and skills, introduction to a "community of practice," and new career paths and opportunities.
PubMed ID
17065858 View in PubMed
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3778 records – page 1 of 378.