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[Accidents and accident mortality in Denmark--a comparison with Scandinavia and Europe]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature11630
Source
Nord Med. 1994;109(10):265-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Author
T B Hansen
N D Röck
A. Poulstrup
S. Sabroe
J. Steensberg
B. Netterstrøm
Author Affiliation
Ortopaedkirurgisk afd 0 og Ulykkes Analyse Gruppen, Odense Universitets Hospital.
Source
Nord Med. 1994;109(10):265-8
Date
1994
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents - mortality - statistics & numerical data
Accidents, occupational - mortality
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alcoholic Intoxication - mortality
Comparative Study
Denmark - epidemiology
English Abstract
Europe - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Life expectancy
Male
Middle Aged
Poisoning - mortality
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Abstract
As the development in mean age of the population and life expectancy has been less favourable in Denmark than in the rest of Western Europe, the Ministry of Health decided to investigate statistics for the period, 1972-1990, for the main areas where Danish life expectancy was poorer. A sharp increase in the incidence of accidental poisoning with medical drugs and alcohol during the period was found to be a factor contributing to the poorer Danish statistics during the period. In the subcategory, death after a fall, there was an increase in incidence among the elderly, but the loss of life-years remained constant. The subcategory, fatal road accidents, manifested a marked reduction in incidence, despite the increase in traffic density during the period, and there was a reduction in the loss of life-years. Thus, in the category, accidental deaths, the increase in the incidence of accidental poisonings would appear to be the only factor contributing to the poorer development in mean age and life expectancy in Denmark.
PubMed ID
7937021 View in PubMed
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[Cancer in siblings of children with cancer]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature19061
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Jun 3;164(23):3073-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-3-2002
Author
Jeanette Falck Winther
Risto Sankila
John D Boice
Hrafn Tulinius
Andrea Bautz
Lotti Barlow
Eystein Glattre
Frøydis Langmark
Torgil Möller
John J Mulvihill
Gudridur H Olafsdottir
Annukka Ritvanen
Jørgen H Olsen
Author Affiliation
Institut for Epidemiologisk Kraeftforskning, Kraeftens Bekaempelse, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100 København ø. jeanette@cancer.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Jun 3;164(23):3073-9
Date
Jun-3-2002
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
English Abstract
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Male
Neoplasms - epidemiology - genetics
Nuclear Family
Odds Ratio
Registries
Risk factors
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: In some rare inherited disorders, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, relatives of children with cancer are at increased risk of cancer. We aimed to assess relations between childhood cancer and sibling risk, and evaluate the influence of recessive conditions in cancer causation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We did a population-based cohort study in the Nordic countries of 42,277 siblings of 25,605 children with cancer. Children with cancer were identified from records in the five Nordic cancer registries, and their siblings from nationwide population registries. Cancers in siblings were documented through record linkage with cancer registries and compared with national incidence rates. We also assessed cancer incidence in parents to identify familial cancer syndromes. RESULTS: 284.2 cancers were expected in siblings, whereas 353 were diagnosed (standardised incidence ratio 1.24 95% CI, 1.12-1.38). Risk ratios for siblings were highest in the first decade of life (2.59; 1.89-3.46). We excluded 56 families with genetic syndromes linked to cancer, which reduced this ratio from 1.7 to 1.0 (0.7-1.3) for siblings younger than 20 years and from 1.3 to 1.0 (0.8-1.3) for those aged 20-29 years. We found no new patterns of familial cancer that indicated inherited susceptibility, or evidence that recessive conditions might contribute to cancers not explained by syndromes. 40% of cancers in siblings that occurred before age 20 years could be attributed to known genetic factors, whereas 60% remained unexplained. DISCUSSION: Apart from rare cancer syndromes, paediatric cancer is not an indicator of increased risk in siblings.
PubMed ID
12082866 View in PubMed
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[Causes of cancer in Scandinavia and possible preventive measures]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature10793
Source
Nord Med. 1998 Oct;113(8):257-65
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1998
Author
J F Winther
L. Dreyer
J H Olsen
Author Affiliation
Institut for Epidemiologisk Kraeftforskning, Kraeftens Bekaempelse, København O.
Source
Nord Med. 1998 Oct;113(8):257-65
Date
Oct-1998
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Carcinogens - adverse effects
English Abstract
Environmental Exposure
Female
Humans
Male
Neoplasms - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Occupational Exposure
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Abstract
The purpose of this work is to address future possibilities for avoiding cancer. We elucidate the most important known causes of cancer in the Nordic countries during the second half of this century and provide estimates of the numbers of cancer cases that might be avoided by the year 2000 if those causes were effectively eliminated. Information on the pattern of carcinogenic exposures in each of the five Nordic countries and the associated relative risk estimates from the scientific literature were obtained. The numbers of avoidable cancers were assessed on the basis of this information together with the associated population attributable risk percent, PAR%, i.e. the proportion of a given cancer that can be avoided upon elimination of the causative factor. The main causes of cancer include smoking, alcohol consumption, exposure to occupational carcinogens, radiation, obesity and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) and Helicobacter pylori. Annually, more than 18,000 cancers in men and 11,000 in women in the Nordic populations could be avoided by eliminating exposure to known carcinogens which is equivalent to 33 percent and 20 percent of all cancers arising in men and women, respectively, around the year 2000. Smoking habits account for a little more than half of these avoidable cases. Exposure to solar radiation, HPV and Helicobacter pylori, diagnostic and therapeutic radiation and consumption of alcohol play important roles in the causation of cancer, as each of these factors is linked with 1-5 percent of all cancers in men and women. Occupational exposures are also substantial causes in men (3 percent), and obesity is important in women (1 percent). In contrast, current knowledge is insufficient to give reliable estimates of the numbers of cancers that could be avoided by well-described modifications of dietary habits. These figures indicate that the most efficient way of reducing cancer morbidity would be to reduce the prevalence of exposure of the population to cancer-causing agents.
PubMed ID
9801469 View in PubMed
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[Diagnosis of fibromyalgia. A critical review of the Scandinavian literature].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature210695
Source
Nord Med. 1996 Nov;111(9):308-12
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1996
Author
J. Hilden
Author Affiliation
Afdelingen for Almen medicin, Københavns Universitet, Panuminstituttet.
Source
Nord Med. 1996 Nov;111(9):308-12
Date
Nov-1996
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Analgesia - methods
Female
Fibromyalgia - diagnosis - epidemiology - etiology - psychology
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Psychotherapy
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Social Conditions
Abstract
A critical review of Nordic literature on fibromyalgia (FMA), undertaken to test the hypothesised inadequacy of the diagnosis, shows the diagnostic criteria to be entirely subjective and arbitrary, and their use to give rise to problems even in controlled studies. Studies have not only shown even small differences in the diagnostic criteria to have profound impact on prevalence figures and to produce apparent fluctuations on the patient population, but also that the prevalence is higher in areas where many cases have already been diagnosed. No common aetiology or pathogenetic mechanism can be identified, and the massive overrepresentation of women remains unexplained. The patient group is characterised by heterogeneity, and no treatment has shown to be specifically beneficial. Papers offering alternative explanations of FMA are concerned with the reasons why FMA is diagnosed, rather than its cause.
PubMed ID
8966114 View in PubMed
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[Did pneumococcal endocarditis come back?].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature205166
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Jun 29;160(27):4047-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-29-1998
Author
J A Lindberg
J. Prag
Author Affiliation
Viborg Sygehus, klinisk mikrobiologisk afdeling.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Jun 29;160(27):4047-9
Date
Jun-29-1998
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Endocarditis, Bacterial - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Humans
Incidence
Pneumococcal Infections - diagnosis - drug therapy - epidemiology
Prognosis
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Abstract
Endocarditis caused by pneumococci represents 1-5% of all cases of endocarditis according to publications from different western countries. Necropsy studies show frequencies of up to 14% of all cases of endocarditis. It usually occurs as a complication to a pneumococcal pneumonia but other foci might be seen. Concomitant meningitis is seen in 20-85% of patients suffering from pneumococcal endocarditis. By knowing this disease entity there is a good possibility for treatment with antibiotics and valve replacement, but if overlooked the mortality is high. The frequency of pneumococcal endocarditis might be underestimated. Careful stethoscopic examination for heart murmurs should be a part of the clinical examination in case of invasive pneumococcal disease, especially with concomitant meningitis. Since bacteriaemia due to pneumococci is diagnosed with increasing frequency in many Northern European countries, special attention should be paid to pneumococcal endocarditis. The literature is reviewed with reference to pathology, pathogenesis, frequency, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.
PubMed ID
9659832 View in PubMed
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[D-vitamin and vitamin D deficiency among Asian immigrants].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature206626
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Jan 5;160(2):162-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-5-1998
Author
E H Nielsen
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1998 Jan 5;160(2):162-5
Date
Jan-5-1998
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Asia - ethnology
Emigration and Immigration
Female
Humans
Male
Scandinavia - epidemiology - ethnology
Vitamin D Deficiency - epidemiology
Abstract
Vitamin D deficiency, often complicated by osteomalacia, among Asian immigrants (especially females) is now also recognized in the Nordic countries. The article reviews the history of vitamin D featuring its discovery as well as a contemporary perspective, and describes the complex etiology of the disease. The symptoms, diagnostic approach and recommended treatment are also summarized.
PubMed ID
9458701 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Epstein-Barr virus and Hodgkin's lymphoma].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature186896
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Dec 9;164(50):5924-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-9-2002
Author
Henrik Hjalgrim
Lars Munksgaard
Mads Melbye
Author Affiliation
Afdeling for Epidemiologisk Forskning, Statens Serum Institut, DK-2300 København S. hhj@ssi.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2002 Dec 9;164(50):5924-7
Date
Dec-9-2002
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Causality
Child
Comorbidity
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections - epidemiology - virology
Female
Hodgkin Disease - epidemiology - virology
Humans
Incidence
Male
Risk factors
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
The suspicion that Hodgkin's lymphoma, previously known as Hodgkin's disease, may have an infectious etiology has existed for many years. The assumption rests on epidemiological characteristics, in particular a strong correlation between socio-economic status and risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma in young adults, as well as both serological and molecular biological evidence that the Epstein-Barr virus is involved in the development of up to 50% of all cases of Hodgkin's lymphoma. We present the current epidemiological, serological and molecular biological evidence for an infectious etiology to Hodgkin's lymphoma with emphasis on the association with Epstein-Barr virus.
PubMed ID
12553111 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1996 Aug 12;158(33):4652-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-12-1996
Author
K B Andersen
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1996 Aug 12;158(33):4652-3
Date
Aug-12-1996
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Humans
Lung Neoplasms - mortality - prevention & control
Mass Screening
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Notes
Comment In: Ugeskr Laeger. 1996 Oct 28;158(44):6293-58966818
Comment On: Ugeskr Laeger. 1996 May 13;158(20):2860-18686023
PubMed ID
8760523 View in PubMed
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[More than every tenth person have symptoms of seasonal affective disorder].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature129332
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2011 Nov 21;173(47):3013-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-21-2011
Author
Helle Østergaard Madsen
Henrik Dam
Ida Hageman
Author Affiliation
Psykiatrisk Center København, Afdeling O, Rigshospitalet, Edel Sauntés Alle 10, 2100 København Ø, Denmark. helle.oestergaard.madsen@regionh.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2011 Nov 21;173(47):3013-6
Date
Nov-21-2011
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation - therapeutic use
Humans
Phototherapy
Prevalence
Psychotherapy
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Seasonal Affective Disorder - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors - therapeutic use
Abstract
Seasonal affective disorder is a syndrome of classical depressive symptoms such as reduced energy, initiative and mood combined with atypical symptoms of increased appetite, weight and sleep duration. The symptoms recur each winter and disappear again in spring or early summer. The prevalence ranges from 1% to 10% in Scandinavian populations. Reduced light exposure, melatonergic and serotonergic disturbances are suggested pathogenetic factors. Light therapy offers convincing effect with minimal adverse effects and remains first-line treatment along with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
PubMed ID
22118583 View in PubMed
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[Occurrence of athletic injuries among female elite athletic gymnasts].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature225999
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jul 22;153(30):2117-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-22-1991
Author
S. Olesen
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 1991 Jul 22;153(30):2117-9
Date
Jul-22-1991
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Gymnastics - injuries
Humans
Questionnaires
Scandinavia - epidemiology
Sex Factors
Abstract
A questionnaire investigation was undertaken among 18 female Nordic athletic gymnasts in the teams from their respective countries. The median occurrence of injury was three injuries per 1,000 hours (variation 0-7) with uniform distribution between acute and overexertion injuries. The percentage regional localization were: Upper limbs 24%, lower limbs 65% and trunk 11%. In the age group 18-21 years, the frequency of injury was 46% higher than that in the 14-17 year age group and gymnasts with the greatest duration of training had relatively low incidence of injuries (2.7 as compared with 5.2 injuries per 1,000 hours). Treatment consisted of visits to the general practitioner, casualty department and sport specialist or other specialist comprized 16%, 13% and 16% of all the therapeutic contacts. 5% of the injuries involved hospitalization and 50% were not treated by doctors.
PubMed ID
1866815 View in PubMed
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19 records – page 1 of 2.