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Environmental health experiences in disaster

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature4396
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1970 Mar;60(3):475-480
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1970
  1 website  
Author
Alter, AJ
Author Affiliation
Alaska Department of Health and Welfare
Source
American Journal of Public Health. 1970 Mar;60(3):475-480
Date
Mar-1970
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alaska
Communication
Disasters
Emergency medical services
Environmental health
Food Supply
Public Health Administration
Sanitary Engineering
Water supply
Abstract
Earthquake and flood disasters in Alaska created problems for effective environmental control. The problem of maintaining such control is analyzed in terms of plans and activities. Weaknesses in terms of communication are discussed.
PubMed ID
5461525 View in PubMed
Online Resources
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Recovery of filamentous fungi from water in a paediatric bone marrow transplantation unit.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature32385
Source
J Hosp Infect. 2001 Feb;47(2):143-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2001
Author
A. Warris
P. Gaustad
J F Meis
A. Voss
P E Verweij
T G Abrahamsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Microbiology, National Hospital University of Oslo, Norway. A.Warris@ckskg.aen.nl
Source
J Hosp Infect. 2001 Feb;47(2):143-8
Date
Feb-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Microbiology
Aspergillus fumigatus - growth & development - isolation & purification
Bone Marrow Transplantation - immunology
Child
Equipment Contamination - prevention & control - statistics & numerical data
Fungi - growth & development - isolation & purification
Hospital Units
Hospitals, University
Humans
Infection Control - methods
Norway
Opportunistic Infections
Pediatrics
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sampling Studies
Sanitary Engineering - instrumentation
Water Microbiology
Abstract
In order to determine whether water or water-related surfaces are a reservoir for opportunistic filamentous fungi, water sampling in the paediatric bone marrow transplantation (BMT) unit of the National Hospital University of Oslo, Norway was performed. During a six-month period 168 water samples and 20 samples from water-related surfaces were taken. The water samples were taken from the taps and showers in the BMT unit and from the main pipe supplying the paediatric department with water. In addition, 20 water samples were taken at the intake reservoir supplying the city of Oslo with drinking water. Filamentous fungi were recovered from 94% of all the water samples taken inside the hospital with a mean colony forming unit (cfu) count of 2.7/500mL of water. Aspergillus fumigatus was recovered from 49% and 5.6% of water samples from the taps and showers, respectively (mean 1.9 and 1.0cfu/500mL). More than one third (38.8%) of water samples from the main pipe revealed A. fumigatus (mean 2.1cfu/500mL). All water samples taken at the intake reservoir were culture positive for filamentous fungi, 85% of the water samples showed A. fumigatus (mean 3.1cfu/500mL). Twenty-five percent of water-related surfaces yielded filamentous fungi, but A. fumigatus was recovered from only two samples. We showed that filamentous fungi are present in the hospital water and to a lesser extent on water-related surfaces. The recovery of filamentous fungi in water samples taken at the intake reservoir suggests that the source of contamination is located outside the hospital.
PubMed ID
11170779 View in PubMed
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