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Ancient urbanization predicts genetic resistance to tuberculosis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297037
Source
Evolution. 65-3: 842–848.
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
geographic locations, each of which was represented by too few individuals to permit meaningful tests of regional differentiation. For the Swedish Saami sample, we had little geographic informa- tion other than that they were collected from the north of Sweden. Nonetheless, it would be interesting to
  1 document  
Author
Barnes, Ian
Duda, Anna
Pybus, Oliver G.
Thomas, Mark G.
Source
Evolution. 65-3: 842–848.
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
File Size
207703
Keywords
Tuberculosis
Saami
Disease Resistance
Evolution
Human
Pathogen
Yakuts
Abstract
A link between urban living and disease is seen in recent and historical records, but the presence of this association in prehistory has been difficult to assess. If the transition to urban living does result in an increase in disease-based mortality, we might expect to see evidence of increased disease resistance in longer-term urbanized populations, as the result of natural selection. To test this, we determined the frequency of an allele (SLC11A1 1729 + 55del4) associated with natural resistance to intracellular pathogens such as tuberculosis and leprosy. We found a highly significantly correlation with duration of urban settlement—populations with a long history of living in towns are better adapted to resisting these infections. This correlation remains strong when we correct for autocorrelation in allele frequencies due to shared population history. Our results therefore support the interpretation that infectious disease loads became an increasingly important cause of human mortality after the advent of urbanization, highlighting the importance of population density in determining human health and the genetic structure of human populations.
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UrbanisationPredictsTBresistance.pdf

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'Bushcraft' and 'Indigenous Knowledge' transformations of a concept in the modern world.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297019
Source
School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent. 320 p.
Publication Type
Dissertation
Date
2016
through a historical review, an examination of ethnographic literature, fieldwork amongst bushcraft practitioners, and through original case studies. Fieldwork was carried out in Sweden, the USA, and the UK. Case studies of the Saami ‘kuksa’, the ‘figure 4’ deadfall trap, and making fire by friction
  1 document  
Author
Fenton, Lisa
Source
School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent. 320 p.
Date
2016
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Dissertation
File Size
29597515
Keywords
Saami Kuksa
Traditional knowledge
Bushcraft
Sami
Bow-drill
Trapping
Abstract
The relationship between ‘bushcraft’ and ‘indigenous knowledge’ is investigated through a historical review, an examination of ethnographic literature, fieldwork amongst bushcraft practitioners, and through original case studies. Fieldwork was carried out in Sweden, the USA, and the UK. Case studies of the Saami ‘kuksa’, the ‘figure 4’ deadfall trap, and making fire by friction are used to explore a number of themes in the contemporary bushcraft world: the role of skilled-practice, ethical values, notions of an individually experienced connection with nature, practice as a personal transformative experience, and as an intersubjective relationship between practitioner and craft engagement with the material affordances in the landscape. It is argued that motivations for practice foreground a relationship with an environmental experience that counters ‘alienation’ through the development of techniques required to spend un-insulated time in nature which counter modern Western technocratic lifestyles. Bushcraft destabilises apparently similar categories of activity, particularly tourism, outdoor adventure recreation and education, historical reenactment and survivalism.
Documents

207Bushcraft-and-Indigenous-Knowledge--transformations-of-a-concept-in-the-m.pdf

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Cardiovascular risk factor patterns and their association with diet in Saami and Finnish reindeer herders

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature102174
Source
Pages 301-304 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Publication Type
Article
Date
1994
Arctic Medical Research rot. 53: Suppl. 2. pp. 301-304, 1994 Cardiovascular Risk Factor Patterns and their Association with Diet in Saami and Finnish Reindeer Herders Simo Nayhli, Kirsti Sikkila and Juhani Hassi Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu, Finland, and Department of
  1 document  
Author
Näyhä, S
Sikkilä, K
Hassi, J
Nayha, S
Sikkila, K
Author Affiliation
Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu Finland
Department of Public Health Science and General Practice, University of Oulu, Finland
Source
Pages 301-304 in G. Pétursdóttir et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 93. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 20-25, 1993. Arctic Medical Research. 1994;53(Suppl.2)
Date
1994
Language
English
Geographic Location
Finland
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Keywords
Antioxidants
Cardiovascular disease
Diet
Finland
Health
Reindeer herders
Reindeer meat
Risk factors
Saami
Serum cholesterol
Abstract
Cardiovascular risk factors and their association with diet were examined in Saami (Lapp) and Finnish reindeer herders (total sample size 2705). The Saami men showed lower systolic blood pressure (130 mmHg) than the Finns (137 mmHg), higher serum total cholesterol (6.92 vs. 6.51 mmol/l) and triglycerides (1.32 vs. 1.11 mmol/l), and more Saami than Finnish men were smokers (34% vs. 27%). Subjects eating reindeer meat daily showed serum cholesterol 0.6 mmol/l higher than those who did so once a month or more rarely, the association being independent of age, season, body mass index, or consumption of coffee, milk, bread, fish, or alcohol. The high content of antioxidants of the Saami diet might explain why cardiovascular diseases are relatively uncommon in the Saami area despite the adverse risk factor pattern.
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Genetic composition and variation in Saami populations in northern Norway compared with Nordic populations in middle Norway. A study of non-metric skull variants.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76744
Source
Pages 218-225 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
Arctic Medical Research, Vol. 47: Suppl. 1, pp. 218-225, 1988 GENETIC COMPOSITION AND VARIATION IN SAAMI PC)PULATIONS IN NORTHERN NORWAY COMPARED WITH NORDIC POPULATIONS IN MIDDLE NORWAY A study of non-metric skull variants E. lregren (1) and P.-E. lsberg (2) Institute of Archaeology (1
  1 document  
Author
Iregren, E.
Isberg, P.E.
Author Affiliation
Institute of Archeology
Department of Statistics, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden
Source
Pages 218-225 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Date
1988
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Genetic composition
Mandibular torus
Morphological traits
Non-metric traits
Nordic populations
Odontological research
Saamis (Lapps)
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The impact of Chernobyl on the economy and cultural-environment of northern Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature76740
Source
Pages 195-198 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1988
balance of this ecosystem, both economically and culturally, are those most seriously affected. Thus, the Saami are facing one of the most serious crises in their history. THE PERSPECTIVE In order to grasp the full scope of the effects of Cher- nobyl on the north it is necessary to provide a brief
  1 document  
Author
Broadbent, N.D.
Author Affiliation
Center for Arctic Cultural Research, University of Umeå, Umeå, Sweden
Source
Pages 195-198 in H. Linderholm et al., eds. Circumpolar Health 87. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Umeå, Sweden, 1987. Arctic Medical Research. 1988;47 Supp 1.
Date
1988
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
Alaska Medical Library
Keywords
Berry picking
Cesium
Chernobyl
Farming
Fishing
Forestry
Moose hunting
Reindeer herding
Saami
Scandinavians
Sweden
Västerbotten
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Indigenous Peoples on two continents: self-determination processes in Saami and First Nations societies.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296250
Source
European Review of Native American Studies. 2006; 20(2):p.1-6.
Publication Type
Article
Date
2006
worldviews are derived from the land. As noted by the Special Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations, Erica- Irene Daes, RAUNA KUOKKANEN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ON TWO CONTINENTS Self-Determination Processes in Saami and First Nation Societies Rauna Kuokkanen Author’s address: E-mail
  1 document  
Author
Kuokkanen, Rauna
Source
European Review of Native American Studies. 2006; 20(2):p.1-6.
Date
2006
Language
English
Geographic Location
Multi-National
Publication Type
Article
File Size
87445
Keywords
Saami
First Nations
Language
Education
Autonomy
Self-determination
Self-government
Notes
A previous version of this paper was presented at the Symposium on Circumpolar Culture: “Contemporary Perspectives from Ancient Peoples of the Arctic North,” organized by the Humanities West on 8 June 2003, San Francisco.
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Men's attitude to own health under the microscope

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature96103
Source
Page 37 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
2010
not seek medical attention. Tysfjord in Nordland county in Norway has a population of about 2000, mainly of Norwegian and Lule Saami origin. This presentation describes an attempt to focus on male health in public health discourse and efforts organised, by the Arran Lulesami centre and the KUN
  1 document  
Author
Thunem, G.
Author Affiliation
KUN Center for Gender Equality
Source
Page 37 in S. Chatwood, P. Orr and Tiina Ikaheimo, eds. Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on Circumpolar Health, Yellowknife, Canada, July 11-16, 2009. Securing the IPY Legacy: from Research to Action. International Journal of Circumpolar Health 2010; 69 (Suppl 7).
Date
2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Norway
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Digital File Format
Text - PDF
Physical Holding
University of Alaska Anchorage
Keywords
Cultural expressions of masculinity and femininity
Ethnicity
Gender relations
Lule Saami
Mortality
Norway
Public Health
Tysfjord
Notes
Part of Abstracts: Oral Presentations. Chapter 1. Public Health Perspectives.
Documents
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Source
Health of Indigenous and Remote Northern Communities.
Publication Type
Report
Mental Health and Addiction Valentina Sovkina, Expert on Indigenous Peoples, Agricultural Cooperative “Tundra”, Lovozero, Murmansk Region, Russian Federation SAAMI The Saami is an indigenous small-numbered people in Fennoscandia. This is one people divided by the state borders of 4 countries
  1 document  
Author
Sovkina, Valentina
Author Affiliation
Expert on Indigenous Peoples, Agricultural Cooperative “Tundra”, Lovozero, Murmansk Region, Russian Federation
Source
Health of Indigenous and Remote Northern Communities.
Language
English
Geographic Location
Russia
Publication Type
Report
File Size
484459
Keywords
Lovozero
Murmansk
Alcohol
Saami
Documents

Valentina_Sovkina__Mental_Health_and_additction.pdf

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Nomadic Saami and alcohol: Jokkmokk Parish, 1760-1910.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296735
Source
Canadian Journal of Native Studies, Annual. 1992; 12(2): 185-201.
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
NOMADIC SAAMI AND ALCOHOL: JOKKMOKK PARISH, 1760 - 1910 Roger Kvist Department Of Saami Studies University Of Umeå S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden Abstract/Resume A general view has long been held that drinking among the Saami was more socially disintegrative and destructive than among other Scandinavi
  1 document  
Author
Kvist, Roger
Author Affiliation
Department Of Saami Studies, University Of Umeå, Sweden
Source
Canadian Journal of Native Studies, Annual. 1992; 12(2): 185-201.
Date
1992
Language
English
Geographic Location
Sweden
Publication Type
Article
File Size
79973
Keywords
Jokkmokk parish
Alcoholism
Saami
Abstract
A general view has long been held that drinking among the Saami was more socially disintegrative and destructive than among other Scandinavians. However, the alcohol habits of the nomadic Saami population in Jokkmokk did not differ in any substantial way from the settled Swedish population. Towards the end of the period, due to a Christian revivalism among the Saami, they were in fact living a considerably more sober life. In spite of these facts legislators and the general public regarded the Saami as an ethnic group with a particular vulnerability towards alcohol and hence in special need of protection.
Documents
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Source
Nordic Saami Convention. 12 p.
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Text of the Convention in English NORDIC SAAMI CONVENTION The Governments of Finland, Norway and Sweden, affirming - that the Saami is the indigenous people of the three countries, - that the Saami is one people residing across national borders, - that the Saami people
  1 document  
Source
Nordic Saami Convention. 12 p.
Language
English
Geographic Location
Finland
Norway
Sweden
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
File Size
265880
Keywords
Saami
Rights
Articles - Convention
Nordiska samekonventionen
Documents

Nordiska-samekonventionen_eng.pdf

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20 records – page 1 of 2.