Sociohygienic monitoring on the railway transport, which is a branch part of the state sociohygienic monitoring system, includes observation, analysis, assessment, and prediction of the health status and habitat of railway workers and population to be served, as well as the establishment of associations of the health status with environmental factors. Standard legal, scientific-and-methodological, and organizational bases have been set up for branch monitoring. The basic parameters and the procedure for interaction of branch and territorial entities have been defined.
The paper presents the structure and trends of morbidity in the examined first-year students of the Belgorod State Engineering Academy of Building Materials in the course of the past 6 years. High morbidity rates were found in them. Every year healthy students decrease in number; students who have 2-5 diseases or more increase. The authors present the results of their own results of survey at the Department of Physical Education and Sports in two tables and a figure. Due to this health status of first-year students, they developed a health promotion programme for these students as "Formation of Health-Promoting Culture for First-Year Students" and the "Authors' Student Health Programme".
The data of surdological regional services served the basis for a comparative epidemiological analysis of hearing disorders in children. The analysis of the data showed that systemic mass check-ups of children is effective for prevention of hypoacusis. It is recommended to follow-up children with insignificant and unilateral hearing loss. There is a trend to growing occurrence of conductive and mixed hypoacusis in children. Its causes are analysed. Etiological factors of hearing problems in children were investigated. The authors believe that by the causes of hearing loss in children one can judge about regional health service quality.