The article is devoted to the history of creation and development of the Far Eastern health resort Kuldur located in the spurs of the Khingan range at the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Region. The historical sketch spans the period from 1897 to the present time including the phases of the resort activities at different stages of its developments in pre-revolutionary and post-revolutionary Russia (from the epoch of developed socialism to our time). The authors describe the contribution of the personnel of the resort, geologists, scientists of the Khabarovsk Medical Institute and other research institutions to the elucidation of the mechanism of action and therapeutic effectiveness of nitric-siliceous thermal waters.
Practice of rendering the elements of skilled surgical care to the wounded in Russian Army during the wars of first half of the XIX century has coincided with introduction of evacuation system into medical support of troops' military operations. With improvement of the last. advantages of medical-and-biologic science, military skills the battery sick quarters, dressing detachments providing the work of main dressing stations, the medical care main stations were subsequently included into the kit of medical service means of the formations. In December 1935 this process was ended with creation of division medical-and-sanitary battalion (deployed by the division medical station) that took an active part in rendering skilled surgical care to the wounded during the subsequent local military conflicts and wars.