Skip header and navigation

Refine By

1080 records – page 1 of 108.

Factors influencing involvement in farm accidents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214184
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1995 Oct;81(2):592-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1995
Author
W A Harrell
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1995 Oct;81(2):592-4
Date
Oct-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accidents
Agriculture
Canada
Humans
Male
Questionnaires
Risk-Taking
Safety
Abstract
A self-administered questionnaire completed by 683 male farmers showed individuals incurring a farming-related injury more likely to score higher on a measure of personal risk-taking and to believe that accidents were inevitable (fatalism). Specific safe farming practices--wearing protective clothing and operating machinery safely--were associated with lower likelihood of injury. Traditional predictors of involvement in accidents (age, exposure to hazards, and work experience) were not significant.
PubMed ID
8570362 View in PubMed
Less detail

Recent developments in overall alcohol consumption and high risk drinking: a case for effective population level interventions in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155035
Source
Adicciones. 2008;20(3):207-19
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
Norman Giesbrecht
Author Affiliation
Social, Prevention and Health Policy Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Norman_giesbrecht@camh.net
Source
Adicciones. 2008;20(3):207-19
Date
2008
Language
English
Spanish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking - prevention & control
Canada
Humans
Risk factors
Risk-Taking
Abstract
There is growing evidence of extensive damage from alcohol to chronic disease, trauma, social problems and high economic costs. In a number of countries there has been an increase in consumption and/or high risk drinking in recent years. However, it appears that in many context alcohol management is not yet of high priority. Canada has experienced several developments in recent years: a gradual increase in overall consumption, an increase in high risk drinking, more extensive marketing and promotion of alcoholic beverages, and easier access to alcohol. Survey data for Canada, and for Ontario, the most populous province, indicate that the proportion drinking 5+ per occasion has increased since the mid-1990s. Overall, alcohol-related harm has been conservatively estimated to contribute to $14 billion to social costs using 2002 Canadian data. There are a national and several provincial-level alcohol strategies designed to reducing alcohol-related problems, but they are at the proposal, not full-scale implementation, stage. In order to generate effective, efficient and decisive action and reduce overall harm, several recommendations are highlighted: an increase in alcohol pricing/taxation, a ceiling on further access via controls on outlet density and hours of sale, a rejuvenation of the control functions of liquor boards, and the resources to effectively implementation these measures.
PubMed ID
18813768 View in PubMed
Less detail

The Swedish HIV epidemics seen in the rear view: small "nuclear groups" are responsible for the transmission in the country]

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature7673
Source
Lakartidningen. 1998 Apr 8;95(15):1628-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-8-1998
Author
J. Giesecke
Source
Lakartidningen. 1998 Apr 8;95(15):1628-9
Date
Apr-8-1998
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Disease Outbreaks
HIV Infections - transmission
Humans
Risk-Taking
Sweden - epidemiology
PubMed ID
9599460 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
CMAJ. 2003 Apr 15;168(8):963-6; author reply 964; discussion 964-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-15-2003
Author
Carol Jardine
Source
CMAJ. 2003 Apr 15;168(8):963-6; author reply 964; discussion 964-6
Date
Apr-15-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accident prevention
Canada
Health education
Humans
Program Evaluation
Risk-Taking
Notes
Cites: CMAJ. 2002 Oct 1;167(7):767-812389840
Comment On: CMAJ. 2002 Oct 1;167(7):767-812389840
PubMed ID
12695374 View in PubMed
Less detail

Safe injection facility attracts high-risk injection drug users, study finds.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature170205
Source
HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev. 2005 Dec;10(3):18, 20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2005
Author
David Garmaise
Source
HIV AIDS Policy Law Rev. 2005 Dec;10(3):18, 20
Date
Dec-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
British Columbia
Humans
Ontario
Risk-Taking
Safety
Substance Abuse, Intravenous
PubMed ID
16544399 View in PubMed
Less detail

Early onset of sexual intercourse is an indicator for hazardous lifestyle and problematic life situation.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature125661
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2013 Mar;27(1):20-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2013
Author
Marlene Makenzius
Margareta Larsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. marlene.makenzius@fhi.se
Source
Scand J Caring Sci. 2013 Mar;27(1):20-6
Date
Mar-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Coitus
Female
Humans
Life Style
Male
Questionnaires
Risk-Taking
Sweden
Abstract
In public health efforts, knowledge about risk-groups is important for creating societal conditions to ensure good health on equal terms.
To investigate differences in lifestyle and perceived health among 15-year-old teenagers with experience of sexual intercourse (self-defined) and same-aged teenagers without experience of sexual intercourse.
A two-cluster questionnaire study among 15-year-old Swedish students (n = 2170) in 2009/10. Chi-squared test was used to identify differences between three groups: teenagers who had not had sexual intercourse; teenagers who had had sexual intercourse at age of 14 or younger; and teenagers who had had intercourse at an age of 15.
Thirty-two per cent (n = 334) of girls and 31% (n = 324) of boys had had sexual intercourse. Teenagers with experience of sexual intercourse at 15 years or younger used more tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs than same-aged teenagers without intercourse experience did. Furthermore, teenagers with experience of intercourse, especially those with a debut at 14 year or younger, had less positive school experiences, more involvement in injuries and physical violence, were less (girls) and more (boys) physically active, and perceived a poorer health than teenagers without intercourse experience.
Sexual intercourse at the age of 15 or younger is an indicator for a hazardous lifestyle and problematic life situation.
PubMed ID
22462801 View in PubMed
Less detail

Accidents in the Arctic. A psychological point of view.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature5950
Source
Arctic Med Res. 1992;51 Suppl 7:71-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
1992
Author
T. Klen
Author Affiliation
Kuopio Regional Institute of Occupational Health, Finland.
Source
Arctic Med Res. 1992;51 Suppl 7:71-6
Date
1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Accident prevention
Accidents - psychology
Arctic Regions
Cold Climate
Humans
Risk-Taking
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to discuss the influence of arctic conditions on the occurrence of accidents especially from the point of view of the interaction between environment, activity and man. Special attention is paid to risk assessment, risk taking and risk compensation. According to the danger factor theory frostbites should be extremely common in arctic regions, but in reality serious frostbites appear rarely in accident statistics. This finding supports the interactive accident theories. Instead cold can be a contributing factor in accident and injury causation and the effect of cold is most often indirect. Frostbites can occur e.g. as a result of an accident, losing one's way because of darkness, snow storm etc., wet clothes, unexpected temperature changes, disease attack, alcohol-induced reasons such as immobility or excess risk taking etc. Temperatures below and above +20 degrees C increase unsafe behavior. In the Arctic it is impossible to remove all the potentially dangerous factors, because many typical features of working and living conditions are regulated by natural forces, the seasons etc. This makes accurate risk assessment and prediction especially important in accident prevention. If the person does not recognize the situations in which the risk factors exist, he/she cannot implement precautionary steps at the right moment and hence cannot avoid risks. Moreover, if better and safer machines, equipment and tools get people to take greater risks, the accident situation can even become worse.
PubMed ID
1285822 View in PubMed
Less detail

Beating the odds. Helping problem gamblers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature208532
Source
Can Nurse. 1997 May;93(5):22-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1997
Author
B. Sibbald
Source
Can Nurse. 1997 May;93(5):22-3
Date
May-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Counseling
Gambling - psychology
Health promotion
Humans
Risk-Taking
Self-Help Groups
PubMed ID
9223978 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Conception of health risks and its place in the system of sociohygienic monitoring (problems and approaches to their solution)].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature171202
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2005;(11):27-33
Publication Type
Article
Date
2005
Author
G G Onishchenko
Source
Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk. 2005;(11):27-33
Date
2005
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Health promotion
Health Services - legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Risk assessment
Risk-Taking
Russia
Abstract
The author describes the milestones of the development of health risk analysis methodology within the system of sanitary and hygienic monitoring. He gives definitions of risk of disorder of sanitary-and-epidemiological well-being of population, acceptable, target, and maximum permissible risk. The author considers methods of practical application of risk analysis methodology for quantitative evaluation of health detriment in the interests of authorities of various levels. The united role here belongs to Interdepartmental commission on risk evaluation. The author analyzes prospective directions and the main problems of further development of scientific and juridical fundamentals of risk evaluation methodology that will be topical within the nearest years.
PubMed ID
16408650 View in PubMed
Less detail

Flux and permanence of risk perceptions: Tourists' perception of the relative and absolute risk for various destinations.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature290753
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2016 Dec; 57(6):584-590
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
Dec-2016
Author
Katharina Wolff
Svein Larsen
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychosocial Sciences, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. katharina.wolff@psysp.uib.no.
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2016 Dec; 57(6):584-590
Date
Dec-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Norway
Perception
Risk
Risk-Taking
Surveys and Questionnaires
Travel
Abstract
The present investigation is a cross-sectional, multi-national, quantitative, and quasi-experimental comparison of tourists' risk perceptions regarding different destinations throughout the past decade. Over 10,000 tourists to Norway from 89 different countries filled in a questionnaire rating the perceived risk for various destinations. Data were collected during 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2015 and allow for a comparison of perceived risk across time, place and nationality. Results show that while absolute risk judgments for different destinations fluctuate somewhat over the years, relative risk judgments remain constant. Findings also reveal a "home-is-safer-then-abroad-bias" with tourists consistently perceiving their home country among the safest destinations. The current investigation is rare because it looks at more than one destination at a time. Insights gained from the present findings diverge from what would have been concluded from employing case studies, that is, looking at one destination at a time.
PubMed ID
27636718 View in PubMed
Less detail

1080 records – page 1 of 108.