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6TH NORWEGIAN ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY SYMPOSIUM: Assessing and solving environmental challenges in a multiple stressor world.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature296704
Source
J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2017; 80(16-18):805-806
Publication Type
Introductory Journal Article
Date
2017
Author
Knut Erik Tollefsen
Sam Kacew
Author Affiliation
a Section for Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment, Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) , Oslo , Norway.
Source
J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2017; 80(16-18):805-806
Date
2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Introductory Journal Article
Keywords
Ecotoxicology
Environmental Exposure
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Environmental Pollutants - toxicity
Norway
Risk Assessment - methods
PubMed ID
28829685 View in PubMed
Less detail

[Population health risk assessment on designing the transport streams of Moscow].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature145519
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Nov-Dec;(6):36-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
S G Fokin
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Nov-Dec;(6):36-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
City Planning - organization & administration
Health status
Humans
Moscow
Risk Assessment - methods
Transportation - standards
Abstract
The population health risk was assessed in the microdistricts adjacent to a future road interchange area in Moscow. Its possible negative impact was studied by many parameters, including the carcinogenic risk. Evidence is provided to a need for planning decisions on the optimization and reduction of the possible risk.
PubMed ID
20143488 View in PubMed
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[Assessment of the contribution of environmental factors to the formation of the demographic situation at the regional level].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature148189
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Jul-Aug;(4):20-2
Publication Type
Article
Author
N E Vial'tsina
V M Boev
N N Vereshchagin
V V Boev
N V Tueva
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Jul-Aug;(4):20-2
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Exposure - analysis
Environmental health - trends
Health status
Humans
Hygiene
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia
Abstract
The most informative priority environmental, social, and economic factors reflecting with the highest significance demographic processes in the urbanized and rural areas have been substantiated from the results of analyzing the data of the Regional Information Fund of sociohygienic monitoring by multivariate (correlation, factor, and regression) analysis methods. Models were obtained, which were used to define quantitative correlations between the demographic indices and the environmental-socioeconomic ones and to identify priority criteria for urbanized and rural areas while predicting their development and taking a managerial decision.
PubMed ID
19802942 View in PubMed
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Risk analysis, life cycle assessment--the common challenge of dealing with the precautionary frame (based on the toxicity controversy in Sweden and The Netherlands).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187730
Source
Risk Anal. 2002 Oct;22(5):821-32
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2002
Author
Arnold Tukker
Author Affiliation
TNO Institute of Strategy, Technology and Policy, Delft, The Netherlands. Tukker@stb.tno.nl
Source
Risk Anal. 2002 Oct;22(5):821-32
Date
Oct-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Pollutants - toxicity
Humans
Life tables
Netherlands
Risk Assessment - methods - statistics & numerical data
Sweden
Abstract
Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) and comparative risk assessment (RA) use the same building blocks for analyzing fate and potential effects of toxic substances. It is tacitly assumed that emission-effect calculations can give uniform and decisive answers in debates on toxicity problems. For several decades, mainstream policy sciences have taken a different starting point when analyzing decision making on complex, controversial societal issues. Such controversies in essence are thought to be caused by the fact that different actor coalitions adhere to a different, but in scientific terms equally reasonable, conceptualization or "framing" of the problem. A historical, argumentative analysis of the Dutch chlorine debate and the Swedish PVC debate shows that this is also true in the discussions on toxic substances. Three frames have been identified, which were coined the "risk assessment frame," "the strict control frame," and the "precautionary frame." These frames tacitly disagree about the extent of knowledge/ignorance about the impacts of substances, the robustness/fallibility of emission-reduction schemes, and the robustness/vulnerability of nature. The latter frame, adhered to by environmentalists, seeks to judge substances mainly on their inherent safety. Under the current institutional arrangements and practices, RA and LCIA are executed mainly in line with the philosophy expressed by the risk assessment frame. This article gives various suggestions for dealing with framing in debates on toxic substances. One of the options is elaborated in somewhat more detail, i.e., the development of multiple indicators and calculation schemes for RA and LCIA that reflect the different frames. An outline is given for a possible indicator system reflecting the precautionary principle.
PubMed ID
12442982 View in PubMed
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Methods to assess the safety of health information systems.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature139969
Source
Healthc Q. 2010;13 Spec No:47-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
2010
Author
Elizabeth Borycki
Elizabeth Keay
Author Affiliation
School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. emb@uvic.ca
Source
Healthc Q. 2010;13 Spec No:47-52
Date
2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Hospital Information Systems
Humans
Medical Errors - prevention & control
Risk Assessment - methods
Safety Management
Abstract
Research has shown that the introduction of health information systems (HISs) can reduce the likelihood of medical errors. However, there is a growing body of evidence that suggests that if it is not designed or implemented properly, a HIS can actually cause or induce health professionals to make medical errors (i.e., technology-induced errors). In order to maximize the benefits of HISs while decreasing the likelihood of such inadvertent technology-induced error, it is important that we understand the range of methods that can be used to ensure the safety of our systems. In this article, we report the results of a review of the literature related to the methods used in predicting, preventing and evaluating the potential for a HIS to cause technology-induced error. These methods can be classified in terms of their application, including before a HIS is implemented, after a HIS has been implemented and after a technology-induced error has occurred.
PubMed ID
20959730 View in PubMed
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Protecting Privacy in Large Datasets-First We Assess the Risk; Then We Fuzzy the Data.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature297961
Source
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 08 01; 26(8):1219-1224
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
08-01-2017
Author
Giske Ursin
Sagar Sen
Jean-Marie Mottu
Mari Nygård
Author Affiliation
Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway. giske.ursin@kreftregisteret.no.
Source
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 08 01; 26(8):1219-1224
Date
08-01-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Confidentiality
Data Anonymization
Electronic Health Records - standards
Female
Humans
Norway
Registries
Risk Assessment - methods
Abstract
Background: Privacy of information is an increasing concern with the availability of large amounts of data from many individuals. Even when access to data is heavily controlled, and the data shared with researchers contain no personal identifying information, there is a possibility of reidentifying individuals. To avoid reidentification, several anonymization protocols are available. These include categorizing variables into broader categories to ensure more than one individual in each category, such as k-anonymization, as well as protocols aimed at adding noise to the data. However, data custodians rarely assess reidentification risks.Methods: We assessed the reidentification risk of a large realistic dataset based on screening data from over 5 million records on 0.9 million women in the Norwegian Cervical Cancer Screening Program, before and after we used old and new techniques of adding noise (fuzzification) of the data.Results: Categorizing date variables (applying k-anonymization) substantially reduced the possibility of reidentification of individuals. Adding a random factor, such as a fuzzy factor used here, makes it even more difficult to reidentify specific individuals.Conclusions: Our results show that simple techniques can substantially reduce the risk of reidentification.Impact: Registry owners and large-scale data custodians should consider estimating and if necessary, reducing reidentification risks before sharing large datasets. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 26(8); 1-6. ©2017 AACR.
PubMed ID
28754793 View in PubMed
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[Methodology for integrated assessment of anthropogenic and socioeconomic factors in the formation of a human health risk].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature148192
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Jul-Aug;(4):4-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
V M Boev
Source
Gig Sanit. 2009 Jul-Aug;(4):4-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Environmental Health - standards
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population
Abstract
In the context of modern preventive medicine and a diversity of criteria for assessing the health status and the quality of the environment, the author has used an algorithm of comprehensive studies, which includes a differential analysis of the quality of the environment, by identifying xenobiotics in the atmosphere, soil, drinking water, and foodstuffs, then by ranging environmental factors in each specific region, by making a pooled assessment of a risk, by calculating the integral indices of public and community health, and by taking into account the socioeconomic situation in an area. Six priority indices of the 35 environmental ones, as well as 8 socioeconomic conditions that are most closely related with demographic parameters (r > 0.9) have been identified from the summarized environmental and socioeconomic conditions in the urbanized areas. Four ecological indices and 11 socioeconomic conditions have been identified in the rural areas.
PubMed ID
19802939 View in PubMed
Less detail

[The novel method of assessment of individual total cardiovascular risk for the population of Russia].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156820
Source
Kardiologiia. 2008;48(5):87-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
2008
Author
R G Oganov
S A Shal'nova
A M Kalinina
A D Deev
O S Glazachev
E I Gusev
I A Beliaeva
A M Sudarev
Source
Kardiologiia. 2008;48(5):87-91
Date
2008
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
Humans
Morbidity
Population Surveillance - methods
Risk Assessment - methods
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
Novel innovative technology of assessment of level of total cardiovascular risk with consideration of a broad list of parameters of the state of individual health and its determining factors is described. The proposed model of risk is based on results of 20-year prospective observation of large contingents of population of Russia. For the first time the model of risk was constructed taking into account in addition to traditional risk factors and clinical characteristics peculiarities of population of Russia, in particular level of education. It was found in prospective studies that level of education in this country appeared to be an independent marker of risk and that traditional risk factors (behavioral, biochemical etc) had different prognostic value at different levels of education. Novel scale of risk and elaborated on its basis computer program of risk assessment allow to widen indications to its application, elevate accuracy of estimation of risk of development of fatal cardiovascular diseases for population of Russia, to obtain for a concrete patient parameters of absolute as well as relative risk (in % of excess or lowering of risk relative to its average statistical value for population with same age, sex, and level of education). The elaborated technology of estimation of total individual risk was tested on various contingents of patients with verified diagnoses of cardiovascular diseases as well as in groups of relatively healthy volunteers. Medical technology of risk assessment by novel scale is designed for application during primary screening of various population groups and can be fulfilled by both physicians and intermediate medical personnel. At present the computer program for assessment of cardiovascular risk based on this novel method is being prepared for clinical testing and subsequent implementation.
PubMed ID
18537810 View in PubMed
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[Hygienic standardization of biotechnological strains in water reservoirs: current state and perspectives].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature107493
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Mar-Apr;(2):74-8
Publication Type
Article
Author
N I Sheina
N G Ivanov
Z I Zholdakova
Source
Gig Sanit. 2013 Mar-Apr;(2):74-8
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Biotechnology
Humans
Risk Assessment - methods
Russia
Water Microbiology - standards
Water Purification - methods
Water Supply - standards
Abstract
The question of need for standardization and validation of the complex methods to establish the maximum concentration limit (MCL) ofbiotechnological strains in the water of water bodies is under discussion. On the basis of the experimental studies it has been shown that a unified quantitative criterion for safety could not to be recommended for biotechnological strains and therefore requires the study of each strain in order to substantiate the safe level in water of water bodies. Proposed biosafety program should include the study of pathogenic properties in acute experiments and specific effects in subchronic experiments to study the influence of strains on the process of water purification and a risk assessment of transformation products of chemicals and the justification of the safety factor when establishing MCL t in terms of the toxic effect.
PubMed ID
24003707 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
CMAJ. 2009 Aug 4;181(3-4):E50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-4-2009

1337 records – page 1 of 134.