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Allergic disease and atopic sensitization in children in relation to measles vaccination and measles infection.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature89798
Source
Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):771-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2009
Author
Rosenlund Helen
Bergström Anna
Alm Johan S
Swartz Jackie
Scheynius Annika
van Hage Marianne
Johansen Kari
Brunekreef Bert
von Mutius Erika
Ege Markus J
Riedler Josef
Braun-Fahrländer Charlotte
Waser Marco
Pershagen Göran
Author Affiliation
Karolinska Institutet, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Department of Environmental Epidemiology, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. helen.rosenlund@ki.se
Source
Pediatrics. 2009 Mar;123(3):771-8
Date
Mar-2009
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Anthroposophy
Child
Child, Preschool
Conjunctivitis, Allergic - epidemiology - prevention & control
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dermatitis, Atopic - epidemiology - prevention & control
Europe
Female
Humans
Immunoglobulin E - blood
Life Style
Male
Measles - epidemiology
Measles Vaccine - administration & dosage
Respiratory Hypersensitivity - epidemiology - prevention & control
Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial - epidemiology - prevention & control
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal - epidemiology - prevention & control
Risk factors
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the role of measles vaccination and measles infection in the development of allergic disease and atopic sensitization. METHODS: A total of 14 893 children were included from the cross-sectional, multicenter Prevention of Allergy-Risk Factors for Sensitization in Children Related to Farming and Anthroposophic Lifestyle study, conducted in 5 European countries (Austria, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Switzerland). The children were between 5 and 13 years of age and represented farm children, Steiner-school children, and 2 reference groups. Children attending Steiner schools often have an anthroposophic (holistic) lifestyle in which some immunizations are avoided or postponed. Parental questionnaires provided information on exposure and lifestyle factors as well as symptoms and diagnoses in the children. A sample of the children was invited for additional tests, and 4049 children provided a blood sample for immunoglobulin E analyses. Only children with complete information on measles vaccination and infection were included in the analyses (84%). RESULTS: In the whole group of children, atopic sensitization was inversely associated with measles infection, and a similar tendency was seen for measles vaccination. To reduce risks of disease-related modification of exposure, children who reported symptoms of wheezing and/or eczema debuting during first year of life were excluded from some analyses. After this exclusion, inverse associations were observed between measles infection and "any allergic symptom" and "any diagnosis of allergy by a physician." However, no associations were found between measles vaccination and allergic disease. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that measles infection may protect against allergic disease in children.
PubMed ID
19255001 View in PubMed
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Asthma and allergic rhinitis at 4 years of age in relation to fish consumption in infancy.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15245
Source
J Asthma. 2003 Jun;40(4):343-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2003
Author
Per Nafstad
Wenche Nystad
Per Magnus
Jouni J K Jaakkola
Author Affiliation
Division Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. per.nafstad@fhi.no
Source
J Asthma. 2003 Jun;40(4):343-8
Date
Jun-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Animals
Asthma - epidemiology - prevention & control
Child, Preschool
Diet
Humans
Infant
Norway
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial - epidemiology - prevention & control
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal - epidemiology - prevention & control
Seafood
Abstract
It has been suggested that consumption of fish and polyunsaturated fatty acids could have a protective effect against inflammation in the airways and the development of asthma and other allergic diseases. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that fish consumption during the first year of life decreases the risk of childhood asthma and allergic rhinitis. We assessed the relation between introduction of fish in the diet during the first year of life and risk of asthma and allergic rhinitis in a prospective 4-year cohort study of 2531 Norwegian children. We estimated odds ratios (OR) in logistic regression analysis adjusting for potential confounders. A total of 47.6% children had fish during the first year of life. The adjusted OR for allergic rhinitis was 0.45 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.28, 0.74) and for asthma 0.84 (95% CI=0.57, 1.22). Fish consumption in the first year of life may reduce the risk of developing asthma and allergic rhinitis in childhood.
PubMed ID
12870829 View in PubMed
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