Skip header and navigation

Refine By

571 records – page 1 of 58.

A 15-year prospective study of shift work and disability pension.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature93753
Source
Occup Environ Med. 2008 Apr;65(4):283-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2008
Author
Tüchsen F.
Christensen K B
Lund T.
Feveile H.
Author Affiliation
National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. ftu@nrcwe.dk
Source
Occup Environ Med. 2008 Apr;65(4):283-5
Date
Apr-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Denmark - epidemiology
Disabled persons - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology - etiology
Occupational Health - statistics & numerical data
Pensions - statistics & numerical data
Prospective Studies
Retirement
Risk Assessment - methods
Sex Factors
Work Schedule Tolerance
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the hazard ratio for disability pension associated with shift work. METHODS: Cohorts of shift and day workers were identified in three waves of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study and followed up for incidence of disability pension in a national register of social transfer payment. A total of 3980 female and 4025 male employees were included in the cohorts. Information about shift work status, age, smoking habits, body mass index and ergonomic work environment were updated according to responses in subsequent waves of the survey when possible. Respondents reporting shift work were classified as shift workers in the following waves as well. Respondents were followed in the register from the time of first interview and were censored at the time of their 60th birthday, emigration, death or end of follow-up (18 June 2006). The authors used the Cox proportional hazards model to estimate hazard ratios for incidence of disability pension and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: The authors observed 253 new disability pensions among women and 173 among men during 56 903 and 57 886 person-years at risk respectively, Among women, shift work predicted disability after adjustment for age, general health and socioeconomic status HR 1.39 (95% CI 1.07 to 1.82). After further adjustment for body mass index, smoking habits, socioeconomic status and ergonomic exposures the association remained statistically significant HR 1.34 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.75). Shift work was not associated with disability among men. CONCLUSION: Shift work might be moderately associated with disability pension among women; however, more powerful studies are needed to establish the possible association.
PubMed ID
18198201 View in PubMed
Less detail

[8000 members want a lower retirement age back. Interview by Kaj Nyman].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature209294
Source
Vardfacket. 1997 Feb 10;21(2):22-3
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-10-1997
Author
M. Wenngren
K. Nauclér
Source
Vardfacket. 1997 Feb 10;21(2):22-3
Date
Feb-10-1997
Language
Swedish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Age Factors
Aged
Health Personnel - economics
Humans
Middle Aged
Pensions
Retirement - economics
Sweden
PubMed ID
9447175 View in PubMed
Less detail

Able or unable to work? Life trajectory after severe occupational injury.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature310745
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2019 09; 41(18):2192-2198
Publication Type
Journal Article
Date
09-2019
Author
Jarna Kulmala
Arto Luoma
Lasse Koskinen
Author Affiliation
a Faculty of Management , University of Tampere , Tampere , Finland.
Source
Disabil Rehabil. 2019 09; 41(18):2192-2198
Date
09-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Journal Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Cohort Studies
Disabled Persons - rehabilitation - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Income
Injury Severity Score
Life Change Events
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Injuries - epidemiology - rehabilitation
Registries
Retirement - statistics & numerical data
Return to Work - statistics & numerical data
Unemployment - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
Purpose: To study the probabilities and permanence of return to work, inability to work and rehabilitation, and to explore the connection between these life situations and later working after a severe occupational injury. Materials and methods: A historical cohort of Finnish workers with a severe occupational injury during 2008 (N?=?11,585) were followed up annually on the outcomes of return to work over a 5-year observation period. We examined transition probabilities from one life situation to another with Markov chain analysis, and applied logistic regression with generalized estimating equations to assess the effect of register-based determinants on return to work. Results: Within the five anniversaries, 85% of the injured were working, 9% were unable to work (fully or partly) and 2% received rehabilitation. Age, gross annual income, type of work, injured body part, injury type and the injured's annual condition subsequent to the work injury were significant determinants of return to work. Conclusions: The probability of return to work decreased with time, but, on average, one-fifth of the injured workers succeeded in return to work after being unable to work on the previous anniversary, which indicates that it is worthwhile to conduct efforts for this target group in order to promote return to work. Implications for Rehabilitation The current life situation of the injured should be taken into account when promoting return to work, as it is a strong predictor of later working after a serious occupational injury. Rehabilitation and return to work programs should start in time due to declining return to work rates as the disability continues. Return to work on a part-time basis could be a good option during the early phases of recovery, since a notable proportion of those partly unable to work on the first anniversary returned later to full-time workers. The probability of recovery is relatively high even for those with long-term disabilities, so the promotion of return to work is highly recommended also for this target group.
PubMed ID
29688084 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Can Nurse. 2002 Apr;98(4):6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2002
Author
Lois M Blais
Source
Can Nurse. 2002 Apr;98(4):6
Date
Apr-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Hospital Volunteers
Humans
Nursing Care - methods
Retirement
PubMed ID
11989416 View in PubMed
Less detail

Absence experience of career firefighters reaching mandatory retirement age.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature223027
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1992
Author
T L Guidotti
Author Affiliation
Occupational Health Program, University of Alberta, Faculty of Medicine, Edmonton, Canada.
Source
J Occup Med. 1992 Oct;34(10):1018-22
Date
Oct-1992
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Adult
Age Factors
Aging
Fires - prevention & control
Humans
Influenza, Human - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Muscular Diseases - epidemiology
Occupational Diseases - epidemiology
Ontario - epidemiology
Retirement
Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology
PubMed ID
1403190 View in PubMed
Less detail

Abstinence and current or former alcohol use as predictors of disability retirement in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature265157
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2015 Jun;43(4):373-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2015
Author
Leena Kaila-Kangas
Teija Kivekäs
Jaana Laitinen
Aki Koskinen
Tommi Härkänen
Leena Hirvonen
Päivi Leino-Arjas
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2015 Jun;43(4):373-80
Date
Jun-2015
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alcohol Abstinence - statistics & numerical data
Alcohol Drinking - epidemiology - psychology
Alcoholism - epidemiology
Disabled Persons - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology
Middle Aged
Pensions
Prospective Studies
Records as Topic
Retirement
Risk factors
Abstract
According to previous studies, abstinence from alcohol increases the risk of disability retirement (DR). We studied whether former alcohol users' poor mental or physical health might have contributed to this result.
Prospective population-based study of 3621 occupationally active Finns aged 30-55 years at baseline. Disability pension data for 2000-2011 was retrieved from national pension records. We examined medically certified disability retirement due to all causes and due to mental disorders among lifelong abstainers, former drinkers, those with an alcohol use disorder irrespective of consumption and current users, further classified according to weekly intake of alcohol. Chronic somatic diseases were evaluated in a clinical examination and common mental and alcohol use disorders using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Cox regression was used.
Neither lifelong abstinence nor alcohol consumption, even at hazardous levels, without alcohol use disorder was associated with disability retirement. Compared with light drinkers, former drinkers' hazard ratio for DR due to mental disorders was 2.67 (95% CI 1.39-5.13), allowing for somatic and mental morbidity, physical and psychosocial workload, health behaviour and socio-demographic factors. The respective hazard ratio of DR due to all causes for those with alcohol use disorder was 2.17 (1.49-3.16) and of DR due to mental disorders 4.04 (2.02 to 8.06).
Lifelong abstinence did not predict disability retirement. Former drinkers and people with alcohol use disorders were at a multi-fold risk of work disability due to mental disorders compared with light drinkers, thus it is important to support their work ability.
PubMed ID
25743875 View in PubMed
Less detail

Activity, functional capacity and well-being in ageing Finnish workers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167011
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 2007 Mar;57(2):85-91
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2007
Author
Jorma Seitsamo
Kaija Tuomi
Rami Martikainen
Author Affiliation
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland. jorma.seitsamo@ttl.fi
Source
Occup Med (Lond). 2007 Mar;57(2):85-91
Date
Mar-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Female
Finland
Health status
Humans
Leisure Activities
Linear Models
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Retirement
Abstract
The ageing of the labour force and falling employment rates have forced policy makers in industrialized countries to find means of increasing the well-being of older workers and of lengthening their work careers.
To longitudinally study the relationship between activity and functional capacity and the well-being of ageing workers.
Follow-up study to that carried out by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in 1981-97 (n = 3817). Activity level was measured using various free-time activities, and functional capacity was measured through daily-life activities. The measure of well-being included items with both positive and negative affects. The associations between activity, functional capacity and well-being were analysed by general linear models with repeated measures.
Activity level and functional capacity had a strong positive effect (the effects of one unit increase were 0.32 and 0.30, respectively) on well-being. They were also interdependent. The impact of activity level in maintaining well-being became 31% greater during the follow-up, whereas the effect of functional capacity diminished by 17%.
The results of the study indicate that both involvement in activities and functional capacity have an important, partly compensatory role in maintaining the well-being of ageing workers.
PubMed ID
17043089 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adequacy and effectiveness of a public dental care program for old-age pensioners.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature74158
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 1985 Oct;43(5):295-302
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1985
Author
E. Ambjørnsen
D. Holst
O. Gorset
Source
Acta Odontol Scand. 1985 Oct;43(5):295-302
Date
Oct-1985
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Consumer Satisfaction
Dental Care
Female
Health Services Accessibility
Health services needs and demand
Health Services for the Aged
Humans
Male
Norway
Public Health Dentistry
Retirement
Abstract
The purpose of the present work was to assess the adequacy and effectiveness of a public dental program for old-age pensioners. The dental care program offered free consultation and treatment at reduced prices to all pensioners (3072) in a municipality near Oslo in 1979. To study treatment need and access to dental care, a random sample of 430 pensioners was drawn from the total population of old-age pensioners; 371 persons were clinically examined. Of the 3072 old-age pensioners 23.7% responded positively and indicated that they were interested in the program, whereas 19.8% accepted, and 14.6% had the treatment carried out. The program adequacy was low and became lower when more restricted criteria for access to dental services were used. The program effectiveness was 18% or 16%, depending on which criteria were used for access. Acceptance of the program was highest among people who were aware of it, had natural teeth, had a dental problem, did not have their own dentist, had limited education, or were among the young pensioners.
PubMed ID
3866480 View in PubMed
Less detail

Age discrimination and early retirement policies: a comparison of labor market regulation in Canada and the United States.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216701
Source
J Aging Soc Policy. 1995;7(1):85-102
Publication Type
Article
Date
1995
Author
C T Gillin
T R Klassen
Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, Ryerson Polytechnical University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. TGILLIN@hermes.acs.ryerson.ca
Source
J Aging Soc Policy. 1995;7(1):85-102
Date
1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Canada
Humans
Prejudice
Public Policy
Retirement - legislation & jurisprudence
United States
Abstract
As public policy issues, mandatory retirement and age discrimination are approached differently in Canada and the United States. The legal frameworks, enforcement procedures, and judicial decisions are distinct in the two jurisdictions. The United States, unlike Canada, has specific legislation to protect the rights of older workers, and has a centralized enforcement system. The differences between the two countries are accounted for by the greater emphasis on individual rights in the United States and on communitarianism in Canada. The different policy choices of each society highlight the tensions inherent in North American labor markets. The United States seems to be in a better position to shift toward a labor-management policy which encourages older workers to remain in the workforce.
PubMed ID
10183209 View in PubMed
Less detail

571 records – page 1 of 58.