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The 10-year COPD Programme in Finland: effects on quality of diagnosis, smoking, prevalence, hospital admissions and mortality.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature135938
Source
Prim Care Respir J. 2011 Jun;20(2):178-83
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2011
Author
Vuokko L Kinnula
Tuula Vasankari
Eva Kontula
Anssi Sovijarvi
Olli Saynajakangas
Anne Pietinalho
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. vuokko.kinnula@helsinki.fi
Source
Prim Care Respir J. 2011 Jun;20(2):178-83
Date
Jun-2011
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Diagnostic Techniques, Respiratory System - standards
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Hospitalization - trends
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Program Evaluation - methods
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive - diagnosis - epidemiology - therapy
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Retrospective Studies
Smoking - adverse effects - epidemiology
Smoking Cessation - statistics & numerical data
Survival Rate - trends
Young Adult
Abstract
The Finnish National Programme for Chronic Bronchitis and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 1998-2007 was set up to reduce the prevalence of COPD, improve COPD diagnosis and care, reduce the number of moderate to severe cases of the disease, and reduce hospitalisations and treatment costs due to COPD. Over 900 events for 25,000 participating healthcare workers were arranged. The major strengths of this programme included multidisciplinary strategies and web-based guidelines in nearly all primary health care centres around the country.
Data from national registries, epidemiological studies and questionnaires were used to measure whether the goals had been reached.
The prevalence of COPD remained unchanged. Smoking decreased in males from 30% to 26% (p
Notes
Comment In: Prim Care Respir J. 2011 Jun;20(2):109-1021603847
PubMed ID
21431275 View in PubMed
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Acute physiological responses in healthy men during whole-body vibration.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172790
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006 Feb;79(2):103-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2006
Author
Rammohan V Maikala
Sharla King
Yagesh N Bhambhani
Author Affiliation
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA. rammohan.maikala@libertymutual.com
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2006 Feb;79(2):103-14
Date
Feb-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Alberta
Cardiac output
Cardiovascular System
Hand Strength
Human Body
Humans
Male
Occupational Exposure
Physical Fitness
Respiratory System
Spine - physiology
Vibration
Abstract
The influence of backrest support and handgrip contractions on acute metabolic, respiratory, and cardiovascular responses were evaluated in 13 healthy men during exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV).
Following assessment of aerobic fitness during arm cranking, subjects were exposed to frequencies 3, 4.5, and 6 Hz with 0.9 g(r.m.s) acceleration magnitude on a vibrating base in randomized order, on separate days. Each exposure included 6 min baseline without WBV, 8 min of WBV exposure either 'with' or 'without' backrest, 4 min recovery, followed by 8 min of WBV with opposite backrest condition, and 4 min recovery. During the final minute of WBV, subjects performed right hand maximal rhythmic handgrip contractions for one minute. During baseline and before completion of WBV session 'with' and 'without' backrest, cardiac output was estimated indirectly by carbon dioxide rebreathing.
At 3 and 4.5, and 3 and 6 Hz, absolute and relative oxygen uptake demonstrated significantly greater responses during sitting 'without' backrest than 'with' backrest (P
PubMed ID
16175416 View in PubMed
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[Acute pneumonias in those working with chemical substances that irritate the respiratory tract].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature227343
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(11):13-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
1991
Author
N V Vladyko
Source
Gig Tr Prof Zabol. 1991;(11):13-5
Date
1991
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Absenteeism
Acute Disease
Chi-Square Distribution
Humans
Occupational Diseases - chemically induced - epidemiology
Occupational Exposure - adverse effects - statistics & numerical data
Pneumonia - chemically induced - epidemiology
Prevalence
Respiratory System - drug effects
Russia - epidemiology
Abstract
A study was performed of acute pneumonia (AP) morbidity among the workers exposed to respiratory irritation inducing chemical substances, which revealed a marked AP prevalence in these professional groups. A qualitative analysis of the AP cases severity helped to establish some peculiarities of the disease course in workers exposed to minor concentrations of the chemical substances, which should be taken into account in diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and out-patient observation.
PubMed ID
1839789 View in PubMed
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Acute respiratory effects of exposure to ammonia on healthy persons.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature178136
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2004 Aug;30(4):313-21
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2004
Author
Britt-Marie Sundblad
Britt-Marie Larsson
Fernado Acevedo
Lena Ernstgård
Gunnar Johanson
Kjell Larsson
Lena Palmberg
Author Affiliation
Lung and Allergy Research, National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Britt-Marie.Sundblad@imm.ki.se
Source
Scand J Work Environ Health. 2004 Aug;30(4):313-21
Date
Aug-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Ammonia - administration & dosage
Breath Tests
Female
Humans
Male
Nitric oxide
Occupational Exposure
Reference Values
Respiratory System - drug effects
Sweden
Abstract
This study investigated the acute respiratory effects of low ammonia exposure on healthy persons.
Twelve healthy persons underwent sham or ammonia (5 and 25 ppm) exposure randomly in an exposure chamber on three occasions. The exposure duration was 3 hours, 1.5 hours resting (seated) and 1.5 hours exercising (50 W on a bicycle ergonometer). Symptoms were registered repeatedly before, during, and after the exposure on visual analogue scales. Bronchial responsiveness to methacholine, lung function, and exhaled nitric oxide (NO) were measured before and 7 hours after the exposure. In addition, nasal lavage was performed, and peripheral blood samples were drawn before and 7 hours after the exposure.
All the symptom ratings increased significantly during 25-ppm ammonia exposure as compared with the control exposure. The cumulative dose of methacholine causing a 20% decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second was lower (
PubMed ID
15458015 View in PubMed
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Adverse reactions to H2-receptor antagonists in Denmark before and after transfer of cimetidine and ranitidine to over-the-counter status.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature55223
Source
Pharmacol Toxicol. 1991 Oct;69(4):253-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1991
Author
M. Andersen
J S Schou
Author Affiliation
Danish Committee on Adverse Drug Reactions, National Board of Health, Brønshøj.
Source
Pharmacol Toxicol. 1991 Oct;69(4):253-8
Date
Oct-1991
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems
Aged
Anti-Ulcer Agents - adverse effects
Cimetidine - adverse effects
Comparative Study
Denmark - epidemiology
Drug Interactions
Drugs, Non-Prescription - adverse effects
Female
Gastrointestinal Diseases - chemically induced
Heart Diseases - chemically induced
Histamine H2 Antagonists - adverse effects
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - chemically induced
Middle Aged
Nervous System Diseases - chemically induced
Ranitidine - adverse effects
Respiratory System - drug effects
Skin Diseases - chemically induced
Abstract
The H2-receptor antagonists cimetidine and ranitidine were transferred from prescription only to over-the-counter (OTC) status in Denmark on March 27, 1989. Reports to the Danish Committee on Adverse Drug Reactions, a voluntary reporting system, have been evaluated to detect possible changes in frequency and pattern of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) caused by the altered delivery status. From the introduction of cimetidine in 1977 and until March 31, 1990, the Committee received 494 reports of 612 suspected adverse reactions to anti-ulcer drugs. The H2-receptor antagonists (mainly cimetidine and ranitidine) were responsible for 548 (90%) of the ADRs. The study, which presents experience with these drugs from more than a decade and a total consumption corresponding to 65 million treatment days, confirms their excellent safety record. Serious reactions were rare, and when they occurred, reversible. During the first year with cimetidine and ranitidine available OTC no changes were seen in reporting frequency or ADR pattern which could be ascribed to OTC transfer. Only one ADR report concerning OTC cimetidine was received. This may be caused by several factors: the safety of these drugs, the fact that only very little was actually sold OTC, and a relatively low sensitivity of the voluntary reporting system.
PubMed ID
1683484 View in PubMed
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Airway sonography in live models and cadavers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature113508
Source
J Ultrasound Med. 2013 Jun;32(6):1049-58
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2013
Author
Ban Tsui
Vivian Ip
Anil Walji
Author Affiliation
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. btsui@ualberta.ca
Source
J Ultrasound Med. 2013 Jun;32(6):1049-58
Date
Jun-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Airway Management - methods
Alberta
Cadaver
Female
Humans
Lung - ultrasonography
Male
Radiology - education
Reproducibility of Results
Respiratory System - ultrasonography
Sensitivity and specificity
Ultrasonography, Interventional - methods
Abstract
Sonography using cadavers is beneficial in teaching and learning sonoanatomy, which is particularly important because imaging of the airway can be challenging due to the cartilaginous landmarks and air artifacts. In this exploratory study, we have attempted to compare the airway sonoanatomy of cadavers and live models. Our observations support the use of cadavers as teaching tools for learning airway sonoanatomy and practicing procedures involving airway structures, such as superior laryngeal nerve blocks, transtracheal injections, and needle cricothyroidotomy, before performance on patients in clinical situations. We believe this process will improve patient safety and enhance the competency of trainees and practitioners in rare procedures such as needle cricothyroidotomy.
PubMed ID
23716527 View in PubMed
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Airway symptoms and lung function among male workers in an area polluted from an oil tank explosion.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature267816
Source
J Occup Environ Med. 2014 Sep;56(9):953-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2014
Author
Jens-Tore Granslo
Magne Bråtveit
Bjørg Eli Hollund
Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre
Cecilie Svanes
Bente Elisabeth Moen
Source
J Occup Environ Med. 2014 Sep;56(9):953-8
Date
Sep-2014
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Air Pollutants, Occupational - adverse effects
Cross-Sectional Studies
Explosions
Hazardous Substances - adverse effects
Humans
Lung Diseases - chemically induced
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Occupational Exposure - analysis
Petroleum - adverse effects
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory System
Young Adult
Abstract
To assess whether working in an industrial harbor where an oil tank exploded was associated with more airway symptoms and lower lung function in men 1.5 years later.
In a cross-sectional study of 180 men, 18 to 67 years old, airway symptoms and lung function among men who worked in the industrial harbor at the time of the explosion was compared with those of working men with residence more than 20 km away. Regression analyses are adjusted for smoking, occupational exposure, atopy, recent infection, and age.
Exposed men had significantly more upper (ORirritated nose = 2.89 [95% confidence interval = 1.31 to 6.37]) and lower (ORdyspnea uphill = 3.79 [95% confidence interval = 1.69 to 8.46]) airway symptoms, and some indication of more reversible airway obstruction than unexposed workers.
Men working in an area with an oil tank explosion had more airway symptoms and indication of more airway obstruction 1.5 years after the event.
PubMed ID
25153304 View in PubMed
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Anatomical shape of the airways in two different European populations. A radio-anatomical study of the airways.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature214831
Source
Acta Radiol. 1995 Jul;36(4):448-52
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-1995
Author
P A Dimopoulos
S D Yarmenitis
G. Nikiforidis
C G Alexopoulos
Author Affiliation
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Patras, Greece.
Source
Acta Radiol. 1995 Jul;36(4):448-52
Date
Jul-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Equipment Design
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Greece
Humans
Intubation, Intratracheal - instrumentation
Male
Middle Aged
Neck - radiography
Respiratory System - anatomy & histology - radiography
Sex Characteristics
Supine Position
Sweden
Abstract
Lateral radiographs of the airways were taken in 20 men and 24 women lying supine with the neck in the normal position. The mean configuration of the airways for men and women is presented in a standard coordinate system. The results (contours of the airways) are compared to those of a Swedish study since the same method was applied in order to find out, if the established model is valid for other populations. Significant differences were found between the two population groups as well as between males and females. This indicates both inter-racial and inter-sexual modification of the anatomical shape of the airways.
PubMed ID
7619628 View in PubMed
Less detail

[An external respiratory failure classification: scientific rationale for its clinical use].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature128417
Source
Ter Arkh. 2012;84(12):115-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
2012
Author
F F Tetenev
Source
Ter Arkh. 2012;84(12):115-9
Date
2012
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Diagnostic Equipment
Diagnostic Services - organization & administration
Health Facility Planning
Humans
Oxygen consumption
Respiratory Function Tests - instrumentation - methods
Respiratory Insufficiency - classification - diagnosis - metabolism - physiopathology - therapy
Respiratory System - metabolism - physiopathology
Respiratory Therapy - methods
Russia
Severity of Illness Index
Abstract
The paper presents an external respiratory failure (ERF) classification, a scientific rationale for its use in the clinical practice of departments of different profiles. The setting up of interclinical functional diagnostic laboratories and preventive health care facilities for the preclinical diagnosis of ERF is substantiated. The introduction of the classification of ERF into wide clinical practice is intended to form a social order for the design and purchase of diagnostic equipment for therapeutic-and-prophylactic institutions and to stimulate researches in clinical respiratory physiology, and to improve physicians' knowledge of this section of clinical science.
PubMed ID
23480002 View in PubMed
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134 records – page 1 of 14.