Skip header and navigation

1 records – page 1 of 1.

Socio-economic status and vitamin/ mineral supplement use in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature137579
Source
Health Rep. 2010 Dec;21(4):19-25
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2010
Author
Hassanali Vatanparast
Jennifer L Adolphe
Susan J Whiting
Author Affiliation
College of Pharmacy and Nutrition at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5C9. vatan.h@usask.ca
Source
Health Rep. 2010 Dec;21(4):19-25
Date
Dec-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Calcium - administration & dosage
Canada
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Diet - statistics & numerical data
Dietary Supplements - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Middle Aged
Poverty - statistics & numerical data
Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Vitamins - administration & dosage
Young Adult
Abstract
The link between diet quality and socio-economic status (SES) may extend to the use of vitamin/ mineral supplements. This article examines factors related to Canadians' use of such supplements, with emphasis on associations with household income and education.
The data are from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition (n = 35,107). The prevalence of vitamin/mineral supplement consumption during the previous month was recorded. Supplement use at the national level was estimated by age/sex groups, SES and chronic conditions. Logistic regression was used to determine significant associations between socio-economic factors and vitamin/mineral supplement use. Estimates of usual calcium intake from food and from food plus supplements were obtained using SIDE-IML.
The prevalence of supplement use was significantly higher in females than in males in all age groups 14 or older. Age, being female, high household income and education, and being food-secure were positively associated with supplement use. Supplement use substantially increased the percentage of the population, particularly older adults, meeting the Adequate Intake level for calcium.
The reported use of vitamin/mineral supplements varies by age, sex and SES. The relatively low prevalence of use among Canadians of low SES is similar to findings from American studies. These individuals, already at risk for inadequate intake from food, do not make up the difference with vitamin/ mineral supplements.
PubMed ID
21269008 View in PubMed
Less detail