The Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) is a test that measures cognitive function in children. A Swedish version has been produced for use as a research instrument in a longitudinal follow-up study of children that needed neonatal intensive care at the Uppsala University Children's Hospital, Sweden. A study using this Swedish version was carried out in 26 healthy children 10 years of age attending a primary school in Uppsala, Sweden. The results showed that the Swedish version of the K-ABC well discriminates cognitive function in children aged 10 years. The scores of all subtests were distributed over the scale and the mean scores mostly corresponded to near average or above average performance when compared with the mean values obtained in the standardization sample.
Death cause registers and cancer incidence registers are often used to elucidate progress (or lack of progress) in the battle against cancer. Trends in the age-adjusted mortality rate of cancer or of specific cancer types may thus mirror the overall effect of anticancer interventions (prevention, early diagnostics, treatment), but are often influenced by changes in the death cause diagnostics or in the coding routines at the registers. Relative survival rate (or its inversion, relative mortality rate) is sometimes used in order to elucidate improvement due to treatment. It is independent of the death cause diagnoses but often seriously influenced by changes in diagnostics of incident cancer; earlier diagnosis and increased detection of non-fatal cases may thus give an improved relative survival rate, quite unrelated to any improvement in the treatment. In the present paper the excess mortality rate is introduced as a measure which can give additional information concerning effects of anticancer interventions. In contrast to age-adjusted mortality rate it is not dependent on death cause diagnoses or coding routines, and in contrast to relative survival it is independent of the rate of non-fatal incident cancer cases.
Carbohydrates in Human Nutrition: The Importance of Food Choice, Especially in a High-Carbohydrate Diet. Proceedings of the Swedish Nutrition Foundation's 18th International Symposium. Ystad, Sweden, May 19-22, 1992.