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546 records – page 1 of 55.

Different approximations of the McGill Pain Questionnaire in the Norwegian language: a discussion of content validity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature207391
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1997 Oct;26(4):772-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1997
Author
L I Strand
A E Ljunggren
Author Affiliation
Division for Physiotherapy Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
Source
J Adv Nurs. 1997 Oct;26(4):772-9
Date
Oct-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Humans
Norway
Pain Measurement - methods
Psychometrics
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Semantics
Translating
Abstract
The McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) is a well recognized measuring instrument for pain in English-speaking countries. Several efforts have been made to develop equivalent pain-measuring instruments in other languages. However, the method of translating the English words contained in the MPQ into another language implies that questions about validity may be posed. In Norway three different pain questionnaires have been developed which are inspired by the MPQ. A primary focus for developing the Norwegian Pain Questionnaire (NPQ) was the semantics of pain; the focus of the adapted MPQ was to include commonly used somatosensory Norwegian descriptors of pain in the population of patients with low back pain; the Norwegian McGill Pain Questionnaire (NMPQ) was literally translated into Norwegian to provide a equivalent pain questionnaire to the MPQ for cross-cultural comparisons of pain. Examination of content validity of the adapted MPQ and the translated version of the MPQ is examined by comparing the words in those questionnaires with words collected among Norwegians in the process of developing the NPQ. The findings support the content validity of the adapted MPQ. The NMPQ, however, should be further refined to better fit the semantics of pain in Norway.
PubMed ID
9354991 View in PubMed
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A Russian version of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory: preliminary data.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature215009
Source
J Pers Assess. 1995 Jun;64(3):440-55
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-1995
Author
C I Eckhardt
H. Kassinove
S V Tsytsarev
D G Sukhodolsky
Author Affiliation
Hofstra University.
Source
J Pers Assess. 1995 Jun;64(3):440-55
Date
Jun-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Anger
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Female
Humans
Male
Psychological Tests
Reproducibility of Results
Russia
Social Desirability
Translations
Abstract
Spielberger's (1988) State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory represents a conceptual advance over previous anger measures. It measures both immediate anger experiences and longer term dispositions to experience anger, as well as modes of anger expression. In American samples, the inventory has been shown to be both internally consistent and conceptually valid. This study presents initial data on a Russian version of the inventory. Our subjects were 120 students from St. Petersburg University and 31 psychiatric patients from the St. Petersburg Top Security Hospital. The results provide initial support for Spielberger's factorial model of anger in a Russian sample. All of the scales, with the exception of Anger-In, showed good alpha coefficients, and the means were generally similar to those found in American subgroups. Russian men scored higher on Anger-Out than did Russian women. Determination of subgroup norms in larger samples will allow us to explore further the cross-national similarity of anger in Russia and America.
PubMed ID
7760255 View in PubMed
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Assessing a Norwegian translation of the Organizational Climate Measure.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature112439
Source
Psychol Rep. 2013 Apr;112(2):390-407
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2013
Author
Vilde Hoff Bernstrøm
Jon Anders Lone
Cato A Bjørkli
Pål Ulleberg
Thomas Hoff
Author Affiliation
Department of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo, Norway. vilde.bernstrom@medisin.uio.no
Source
Psychol Rep. 2013 Apr;112(2):390-407
Date
Apr-2013
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Humans
Norway
Organizational Culture
Psychometrics - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Translating
Abstract
This study investigated the Norwegian translation of the Organizational Climate Measure developed by Patterson and colleagues. The Organizational Climate Measure is a global measure of organizational climate based on Quinn and Rohrbaugh's competing values model. The survey was administered to a Norwegian branch of an international service sector company (N = 555). The results revealed satisfactory internal reliability and interrater agreement for the 17 scales, and confirmatory factor analysis supported the original factor structure. The findings gave preliminary support for the Organizational Climate Measure as a reliable measure with a stable factor structure, and indicated that it is potentially useful in the Norwegian context.
PubMed ID
23833870 View in PubMed
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Cross-cultural validation of the empathy quotient in a French-speaking sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155877
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 2008 Jul;53(7):469-77
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2008
Author
Sylvie Berthoz
Michele Wessa
Gayannee Kedia
Bruno Wicker
Julie Grèzes
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychiatry for Adolescents and Young Adults, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, University Rene Descartes, Paris, France. sylvie.berthoz@imm.fr
Source
Can J Psychiatry. 2008 Jul;53(7):469-77
Date
Jul-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Canada
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Empathy
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
France
Humans
Language
Male
Reproducibility of Results
Abstract
The Empathy Quotient (EQ) is a self-report that was developed to measure the cognitive and affective aspects of empathy. We further evaluated its validity in 2 studies.
The psychometric qualities of the French version of the EQ, and its correspondence with 2 other measures of empathy (Interpersonal Reactivity Index and the Empathy Scale of the Impulsiveness-Venturesomeness-Empathy Questionnaire), and with dimensions of the emotional state (depression and anxiety), were evaluated in a sample of 410 students (201 men and 209 women). Second, the clinical validity of the EQ was investigated in participants expected to have dysfunctional empathy. For this purpose, EQ scores of 16 people with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) were collected.
The EQ showed satisfying internal, convergent, test-retest and discriminant validity. The confirmatory factorial analyses suggested a 3-factor structure offered a good fit to the data. The women's superiority in empathy was replicated. As expected, the ASD EQ scores were very low.
This study provides further evidence that the EQ is reliable in this population and should be recommended to estimate empathy problems, notably in individuals with troubled interpersonal interaction patterns.
PubMed ID
18674405 View in PubMed
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The Danish Communicative Developmental Inventories: validity and main developmental trends.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature92876
Source
J Child Lang. 2008 Aug;35(3):651-69
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2008
Author
Bleses Dorthe
Vach Werner
Slott Malene
Wehberg Sonja
Thomsen Pia
Madsen Thomas O
Basbøll Hans
Author Affiliation
Center for Child Language, Institute of Language and Communication, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark. bleses@.sdu.dk
Source
J Child Lang. 2008 Aug;35(3):651-69
Date
Aug-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Child, Preschool
Communication
Denmark
Female
Humans
Infant
Language Development
Male
Reproducibility of Results
Speech Production Measurement
Verbal Learning
Abstract
This paper presents a large-scale cross-sectional study of Danish children's early language acquisition based on the Danish adaptation of the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI). Measures of validity and reliability imply that the Danish adaptation of the American CDI has been adjusted linguistically and culturally in appropriate ways which makes it suitable for tapping into Danish children's language acquisition. The study includes 6,112 randomly selected children in the age of 0 ; 8 to 3 ; 0, and results related to the development of early gestures, comprehension and production of words as well as grammatical skills, are presented.
PubMed ID
18588718 View in PubMed
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Tests of data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability of the Danish SF-36.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature203927
Source
J Clin Epidemiol. 1998 Nov;51(11):1001-11
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-1998
Author
J B Bjorner
M T Damsgaard
T. Watt
M. Groenvold
Author Affiliation
Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Source
J Clin Epidemiol. 1998 Nov;51(11):1001-11
Date
Nov-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Denmark - epidemiology
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Psychometrics
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Translations
Abstract
We used general population data (n = 4084) to examine data completeness, response consistency, tests of scaling assumptions, and reliability of the Danish SF-36 Health Survey. We compared traditional multitrait scaling analyses to analyses using polychoric correlations and Spearman correlations. The frequency of missing values was low, except for elderly people and people with lower levels of education. Response consistency was high and compared well with results for the U.S. SF-36. For respondents with computable scales in all eight domains, scaling assumptions (item internal consistency, item discriminant validity, equal item-own scale correlations, and equal variances) were satisfactory in the total sample and in all subgroups. The SF-36 could discriminate between levels of health in all subgroups, but there were skewness, kurtosis, and ceiling effects in many subgroups (elderly people and people with chronic diseases excepted). Concerning correlation methods, we found interesting differences indicating advantages of using methods that do not assume a normal distribution of answers as an addition to traditional methods.
PubMed ID
9817118 View in PubMed
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Fatal asthma in Finnish children and adolescents 1976-1998: validity of death certificates and a clinical description.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature165492
Source
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2007 Mar;42(3):210-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-2007
Author
Kristiina Malmström
Minna Kaila
Merja Kajosaari
Pirkko Syvänen
Kaisu Juntunen-Backman
Author Affiliation
Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. kristiina.malmstrom@pp.fimnet.fi
Source
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2007 Mar;42(3):210-5
Date
Mar-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Asthma - mortality
Child
Child, Preschool
Death Certificates
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Male
Reproducibility of Results
Abstract
Several studies show that asthma mortality in children and adolescents increased until the mid-1990s, after which it has slightly decreased worldwide. The objective of this study was to describe the mortality rates of childhood asthma in Finland, and to analyze patient characteristics to identify predisposing factors for fatal asthma exacerbation among children and adolescents during 1976-1998 (2004). All death certificates where asthma or related respiratory tract disease was coded as the underlying cause of death were reviewed for those under 20 years of age. Health care records and autopsy reports were evaluated to validate the cause of death and to identify any predisposing factors. In all, there had been 28 asthma deaths. The validity of the death certificates proved to be good as only 7% were misclassified. Death occurred either in the very young children or adolescents: the median age in the group of 12 years (n = 13) was 18.1 years. The fatal exacerbations occurred mostly during summer and early autumn. Clinical triggers, recorded for 14/22 patients with available patient records, included respiratory infection, (12) use of ibuprofen despite known allergy (1), and exercise after visiting a horse stable (1). The severity of the disease was discernible in 21 patients: severe in 15, moderate in 5, and mild in 1 patient. Inhaled corticosteroids were not used as maintenance or periodic therapy in 12/22 patients, of whom 4 had died during the 1990s. In conclusion, asthma mortality in Finnish children and adolescents was rare and its incidence remained stable. The validity of the death certificate diagnoses proved to be good. Poor asthma management and non or undertreatment with inhaled corticosteroids were risk factors for fatal asthma.
PubMed ID
17245733 View in PubMed
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Accuracy of cryptorchidism diagnoses and corrective surgical treatment registration in the Danish National Patient Registry.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature121500
Source
J Urol. 2012 Oct;188(4):1324-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-2012
Author
M S Jensen
T M Ø Snerum
L H Olsen
A M Thulstrup
J P Bonde
J. Olsen
T B Henriksen
Author Affiliation
Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Aarhus, Denmark. morten@sondergaard-jensen.dk
Source
J Urol. 2012 Oct;188(4):1324-9
Date
Oct-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Child, Preschool
Cryptorchidism - diagnosis - surgery
Denmark
Humans
Infant
Male
Registries
Reproducibility of Results
Young Adult
Abstract
In recent years several Danish studies of the etiology, time trends and long-term health consequences of cryptorchidism have relied on diagnoses and surgical treatments registered in the National Patient Registry. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of these registry data.
According to the Danish National Patient Registry, 16,168 males were diagnosed with cryptorchidism and 9,244 surgical treatments for cryptorchidism were performed between January 1, 1995 and October 10, 2009. We randomly selected 500 diagnosed cases, of which 284 had been managed surgically. We requested the medical records from the departments making the diagnoses and performing the surgery.
We successfully retrieved medical records for 452 diagnosed cases (90%) and 249 operations (88%). Overall positive predictive value of a registry diagnosis of cryptorchidism was 80% (95% CI 77-84) using the testicular position described by the physician performing the clinical examination as the gold standard. Similarly the positive predictive value of the surgical treatment registration was 99% (95% CI 98-100) using the type of procedure performed.
The data on cryptorchidism in the Danish National Patient Registry are quite accurate. In etiological research the limited misclassification will in most cases only slightly attenuate estimates of the true relative association. Thus, the registry has the potential to serve as a valuable research tool, although caution should be exercised when studying time trends or geographical differences.
PubMed ID
22902026 View in PubMed
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The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) outcome questionnaire: reliability and validity of the Swedish version evaluated in 176 patients.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature196161
Source
Acta Orthop Scand. 2000 Dec;71(6):613-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2000
Author
I. Atroshi
C. Gummesson
B. Andersson
E. Dahlgren
A. Johansson
Author Affiliation
Department or Orthopedics, Hässleholm-Kristianstad Hospitals, Sweden. isam.atroshi@mailbox.swipnet.se
Source
Acta Orthop Scand. 2000 Dec;71(6):613-8
Date
Dec-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) - methods
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Self Efficacy
Sweden
Abstract
The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire is a self-administered region-specific outcome instrument developed to measure upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The DASH consists mainly of a 30-item disability/symptom scale. We performed cross-cultural adaptation of the DASH to Swedish, using a process that included double forward and backward translations, expert and lay review, as well as field-testing to achieve linguistic and conceptual equivalence. The Swedish version's reliability and validity were then evaluated in 176 patients with upper-extremity conditions. The patients completed the DASH and SF-12 generic health questionnaire before elective surgery or physical therapy. Internal consistency of the DASH was high (Cronbach alpha 0.96). Test-retest reliability, evaluated in a subgroup of 67 patients who completed the DASH on two occasions, with a median interval of 7 days, was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.92). Construct validity was shown by a positive correlation of DASH scores with the SF-12 scores (worse upper-extremity disability correlating with worse general health), stronger correlation with the SF-12 physical than with the mental health component, correlation of worse DASH scores with worse self-rated global health, and ability to discriminate among conditions known to differ in severity. The Swedish version of the DASH is a reliable and valid instrument that can provide a standardized measure of patient-centered outcomes in upper-extremity musculoskeletal conditions.
PubMed ID
11145390 View in PubMed
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Reliability and validity of proxy respondent information about childhood injury: an assessment of a Canadian surveillance system.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature208633
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1997 May 1;145(9):834-41
Publication Type
Article
Date
May-1-1997
Author
C. Macarthur
G. Dougherty
I B Pless
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Canada.
Source
Am J Epidemiol. 1997 May 1;145(9):834-41
Date
May-1-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Canada
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Population Surveillance - methods
Reproducibility of Results
Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology
Abstract
The reliability and validity of proxy respondent information in the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program surveillance system was assessed. A standardized form was used to collect data on injury date, location, context (activity at the time), breakdown factor (what went wrong), mechanism, product involvement, safety precaution use, and motor vehicle involvement. The test-retest method determined reliability, with the kappa coefficient quantifying agreement between respondent information provided in the emergency department and later during a telephone interview. Of 421 eligible respondents, 325 (77%) completed the telephone interview, with a median time to interview of 33 hours (range 24-70 hours). Agreement was high for all items; kappa coefficients ranged from 0.79 (substantial agreement) to 1.00 (perfect agreement). Reliability was not significantly modified by respondent view of the injury event, age of the child, language of the form, or level of respondent education. Validity was determined by measuring the agreement between respondent information and that provided by an independent witness. Witness information was considered to represent the truth. Of the 140 injury events selected, 92 (66%) had the form completed by both the original respondent and an independent witness. Kappa coefficients were greater than 0.65 for all but one item (safety precaution use), and the positive predictive value of respondent information for item categories whose prevalence was > or = 0.25 ranged from 0.82 to 0.95. The authors conclude that proxy respondent data on childhood injury are both reliable and valid.
PubMed ID
9143214 View in PubMed
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546 records – page 1 of 55.