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1147 records – page 1 of 115.

Development and validation of a Meal Index of dietary Quality (Meal IQ) to assess the dietary quality of school lunches.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature123236
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2012 Nov;15(11):2091-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2012
Author
Marianne S Sabinsky
Ulla Toft
Klaus K Andersen
Inge Tetens
Author Affiliation
Department of Nutrition, Technical University of Denmark, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK-2860 Søborg, Denmark. masab@food.dtu.dk
Source
Public Health Nutr. 2012 Nov;15(11):2091-9
Date
Nov-2012
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Denmark
Diet - standards
Humans
Lunch
Nutrition Assessment
Reproducibility of Results
Abstract
School lunch programmes are one strategy to promote healthier dietary habits in children, but better evaluation tools for assessing the dietary quality of such programmes are needed. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a simple index to assess the dietary quality of school lunches for children aged 7-13 years.
A Meal Index of dietary Quality (Meal IQ) was developed to consist of seven components (nutrients and food groups) based on dietary issues for children aged 7-13 years, which were identified in a national dietary survey. The Meal IQ was validated against calculated nutrient contents of school lunches both provided by the school and brought from home.
At eight public schools from all over Denmark, data were collected on 191 individual lunches brought from home (which is most common in Denmark) and thirty-one lunches provided as part of a school food programme. In addition thirty-two lunches provided at eighteen other public schools were included.
A total of 254 school lunches.
A higher Meal IQ score was associated with a higher overall dietary quality, including lower contents of fat, saturated fat and added sugars, higher contents of fibre, various vitamins and minerals, and more fruits, vegetables and fish.
The Meal IQ is a valid and useful evaluation tool for assessing the dietary quality of lunches provided by schools or brought to school from home.
PubMed ID
22717318 View in PubMed
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Subjective health literacy: Development of a brief instrument for school-aged children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature286159
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2016 Dec;44(8):751-757
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2016
Author
Olli Paakkari
Minna Torppa
Lasse Kannas
Leena Paakkari
Source
Scand J Public Health. 2016 Dec;44(8):751-757
Date
Dec-2016
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Finland
Health Literacy
Humans
Pilot Projects
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract
The present paper focuses on the measurement of health literacy (HL), which is an important determinant of health and health behaviours. HL starts to develop in childhood and adolescence; hence, there is a need for instruments to monitor HL among younger age groups. These instruments are still rare. The aim of the project reported here was, therefore, to develop a brief, multidimensional, theory-based instrument to measure subjective HL among school-aged children.
The development of the instrument covered four phases: item generation based on a conceptual framework; a pilot study ( n = 405); test-retest ( n = 117); and construction of the instrument ( n = 3853). All the samples were taken from Finnish 7th and 9th graders.
Initially, 65 items were generated, of which 32 items were selected for the pilot study. After item reduction, the instrument contained 16 items. The test-retest phase produced estimates of stability. In the final phase a 10-item instrument was constructed, referred to as Health Literacy for School-Aged Children (HLSAC). The instrument exhibited a high Cronbach alpha (0.93), and included two items from each of the five predetermined theoretical components (theoretical knowledge, practical knowledge, critical thinking, self-awareness, citizenship).
The iterative and validity-driven development process made it possible to construct a brief multidimensional HLSAC instrument. Such instruments are suitable for large-scale studies, and for use with children and adolescents. Validation will require further testing for use in other countries.
PubMed ID
27655781 View in PubMed
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Health Locus of Control in Chukotka children.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature6184
Source
Alaska Med. 1992 Jul-Sep;34(3):135-9
Publication Type
Article
Author
E B Deaux
Author Affiliation
Southcentral Foundation, Anchorage, Alaska 99503.
Source
Alaska Med. 1992 Jul-Sep;34(3):135-9
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Child
Female
Health status
Humans
Internal-External Control
Male
Reproducibility of Results
Siberia
Abstract
Two groups of children in the cities of Anadyr and Pevek in the Chukotka Region of the Soviet Far East were administered a Russian translation of the Children's Health Locus of Control Scale in July, 1991. Results were analyzed to assess the similarities between response patterns among the Russian children and those found in American children. The analyses revealed a consistency in the data suggesting both face and theoretical validity of the Scale. It appears that the underlying mediating variable related to the children's perceived control over their health is operating in this Region of Russia in much the same way that it does in the United States.
PubMed ID
1463126 View in PubMed
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A comparison of three questionnaires (EAT-12, EDI, and EDE-Q) for assessment of eating problems in healthy female adolescents.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature71780
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2001;55(2):129-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
2001
Author
B K Engelsen
J C Laberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychosocial Sciences, University of Bergen, Christiesgt. 12, NO-5015 Bergen, Norway.
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2001;55(2):129-35
Date
2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Comparative Study
Eating Disorders - diagnosis
Female
Health status
Humans
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Abstract
On the basis of the restraint theory and the continuum hypothesis of eating disorders, the objective of this paper was twofold. First, subjects who, on the basis of items from the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) which are generated from DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria, fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) were identified. Second, differences in scale scores between a case group and a non-case group were tested, and case group distribution of the two self-report questionnaires Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-12) and Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) was compared as a means for investigating the sensitivity of the instruments in detecting eating disorder cases. In a classroom setting 224 8th-grade female students from 5 schools in western Norway completed the questionnaires. The responses to the questionnaires were analysed by case group and instrument/subscales by using the t test, Cohen's d-values, eta squared statistic, point biserial correlation, and two-way ANOVA. No BN cases and 10 AN cases were identified. AN cases scored significantly higher on all measures of eating problems than normal subjects and differed most from non-cases on the "dieting" dimension. Clinical implications are discussed in the light of screening.
PubMed ID
11802911 View in PubMed
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Development and psychometric testing of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature200576
Source
Res Nurs Health. 1999 Oct;22(5):399-409
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1999
Author
C L Dennis
S. Faux
Author Affiliation
University of Toronto, Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada.
Source
Res Nurs Health. 1999 Oct;22(5):399-409
Date
Oct-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Breast Feeding - psychology
Female
Humans
Ontario
Psychometrics
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Self Efficacy
Abstract
Many new mothers discontinue breastfeeding prematurely. Researchers have shown that maternal confidence is an important factor in the continuation of breastfeeding. The purpose of this methodological study was to develop and conduct preliminary psychometric assessment of an instrument to measure confidence in new breastfeeding mothers. Using self-efficacy theory as a conceptual framework, the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES) was developed and content validity was judged by a panel of experts and through interviews with experienced breastfeeding mothers. Following a pilot test, the revised BSES was assessed with 130 in-hospital breastfeeding mothers for reliability and validity, including internal consistency, principal components factor analysis, comparison of contrasted groups, and correlations with measures of similar constructs. Support for predictive validity was demonstrated with positive correlations between BSES scores and infant feeding patterns at 6 weeks postpartum. Following further testing, this instrument may be used to identify new mothers with low breastfeeding confidence who are at high risk to prematurely discontinue breastfeeding.
PubMed ID
10520192 View in PubMed
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Are indigenous personality dimensions culture specific? Philippine inventories and the five-factor model.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature191793
Source
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2002 Jan;82(1):89-101
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-2002
Author
Marcia S Katigbak
A Timothy Church
Ma Angeles Guanzon-Lapeña
Annadaisy J Carlota
PilarGregorioH del
Author Affiliation
Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling Psychology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-2136, USA.
Source
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2002 Jan;82(1):89-101
Date
Jan-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Culture
Ethnic Groups
Female
Humans
Male
Personality Development
Personality Inventory
Reproducibility of Results
Abstract
The authors addressed the culture specificity of indigenous personality constructs, the generalizability of the 5-factor model (FFM), and the incremental validity of indigenous measures in a collectivistic culture. Filipino college students (N = 508) completed 3 indigenous inventories and the Filipino version of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R). On the basis of the factor and regression analyses, they concluded that (a) most Philippine dimensions are well encompassed by the FFM and thus may not be very culture specific: (b) a few indigenous constructs are less well accounted for by the FFM: these constructs are not unknown in Western cultures, but they may be particularly salient or composed somewhat differently in the Philippines; (c) the structure of the NEO-PI-R FFM replicates well in the Philippines: and (d) Philippine inventories add modest incremental validity beyond the FFM in predicting selected culture-relevant criteria.
PubMed ID
11811638 View in PubMed
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Convergent validity of the eating disorder examination and the eating disorder examination-questionnaire among university women in Norway.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature133355
Source
Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2011 Jul-Aug;19(4):357-61
Publication Type
Article
Author
Deborah L Reas
Line Wisting
Hilde Kapstad
Bryan Lask
Author Affiliation
Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. debreas@gmail.com
Source
Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2011 Jul-Aug;19(4):357-61
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Eating Disorders - diagnosis
Female
Humans
Norway
Psychometrics
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Students
Universities
Abstract
The present study compared the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE; 16.0) and the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q; 6.0) and investigated the psychometric properties of the Norwegian translation of the EDE. Fifty-eight university women aged 19-41 years (mean BMI?=?23) were assessed with the EDE and EDE-Q. Satisfactory internal consistency and inter-rater reliability were demonstrated for the Norwegian translation of the EDE. Generally high convergent validity between the EDE and EDE-Q was found, with correlations ranging from 0.60 (Eating Concern) to 0.86 (Weight Concern). Agreement for OBEs and vomiting were excellent, while driven exercising generated lower levels of convergence. Consistent with prior studies, the EDE-Q generated significantly higher levels of psychopathology, although effect sizes were small. Owing to the significantly higher EDE-Q scores, it is ill advised to administer these two instruments interchangeably, as this may fail to produce meaningful data.
PubMed ID
21714040 View in PubMed
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Validity of a 12-item version of the CES-D used in the National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature172269
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2005 Spring-Summer;26(2-3):65-72
Publication Type
Article
Author
Christiane Poulin
Denise Hand
Brock Boudreau
Author Affiliation
Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, 5790 University Avenue, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 1V7, Canada. Christiane.Poulin@dal.ca
Source
Chronic Dis Can. 2005 Spring-Summer;26(2-3):65-72
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adolescent Psychology
Canada
Depression - diagnosis - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Questionnaires - standards
Reproducibility of Results
Abstract
This validation study assessed the degree of confidence that can be placed on inferences from depressive symptoms among adolescents, based on a 12-item version of the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D). This short version of the scale had been developed for application in the National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth and we refer to it as the CES-D-12-NLSCY. The major data source for the present validation study was a 2002/2003 survey of 12,990 students in junior and senior high school in the Atlantic provinces of Canada. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses for two different proxy gold standards yielded adequate areas under the curve (AUCs) of .84 and .80, allowing us to establish cut points for three categories of depressive symptoms in the general adolescent population: Minimal (CES-D-12-NLSCY total score 0 to 11), Somewhat Elevated (total score 12 to 20) and Very Elevated (total score 21 to 36). The CES-D-12-NLSCY was found to have acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach=s alpha .85). All but one of the 12 items of the CES-D-12-NLSCY were found to have acceptable discrimination ability. The prevalence of Minimal, Somewhat and Very Elevated depressive symptoms in the adolescent student population of the Atlantic provinces was estimated to be 72.3, 19.5 and 5.5 percent, respectively. A further 2.6 percent of students who responded to fewer than 11 items of the scale were classified as Indeterminate with regards to depressive symptom category. The major threat to the accuracy of the CES-D-12-NLSCY is its lack of inquiry about irritability, which is a key symptom of depression in youth.
PubMed ID
16251012 View in PubMed
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Reliability and factor structure of the Finnish version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature167049
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 2006 Aug;103(1):107-14
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2006
Author
Anthony P Watt
Timo T Jaakkola
Tony Morris
Author Affiliation
School of Education, Victoria University, Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise and Sport, Melbourne, Australia. anthony.watt@vu.edu.au
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 2006 Aug;103(1):107-14
Date
Aug-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Finland
Humans
Imagination
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Sports
Abstract
The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and factor structure of the Finnish version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire, a measure which examines cognitive and motivational functions of imagery. The final sample comprised 231 participants drawn from 34 sports and ranging in age from 14 to 49 years (M = 20.9, SD = 5.8). Internal consistency and confirmatory factor analyses were undertaken to evaluate the reliability and factorial validity of the scale. Fit indices and modification data generated from examining the 30-item five-factor model were equivocal, suggesting minor amendment and recategorization of several items rather than major adjustment to the proposed latent factor structure. Cronbach coefficients alpha indicated the scale is reliable. Overall, these results provide positive additional support for the claim that the Sport Imagery Questionnaire has a reproducible factor structure and is a reliable test for measuring imagery use in Finnish athletes.
PubMed ID
17037651 View in PubMed
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[Speech understandability test in Sepedi].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature197913
Source
S Afr J Commun Disord. 1999;46:25-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
S. Fouché
A. van der Merwe
Author Affiliation
Departement of Kommunikasiepatologie, Universtiteit van Pretoria.
Source
S Afr J Commun Disord. 1999;46:25-35
Date
1999
Language
Afrikaans
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Dysarthria - diagnosis - physiopathology
Female
Humans
Male
Multilingualism
Phonetics
Reproducibility of Results
Speech Intelligibility
Speech Perception
Abstract
The aim of this study was to develop the "Sepedi-toets vir Spraakverstaanbaarheid" to objectively evaluate the speech intelligibility of the client and to give appropriate phonetic information. This study evolved from the present need for evaluation mechanisms and therapeutic services in the indigenous African languages. The words used in the test had to conform to the requirements of certain phonetic criteria. Words and sentences of differing lengths were included. The procedures followed by the test administrator were different for mother tongue speakers than those for non-mother tongue speakers. After the compilation of the test it was applied to four dysarthria speakers. Upon execution of the test it was evident that differences in judgment of speech intelligibility exist between mother tongue and non-mother tongue speakers. Useful phonetic information was obtained through the qualitative analysis of the speech productions. It appears that the "Sepedi-toets vir Spraakverstaanbaarheid" can be used in the clinical environment to obtain a more objective evaluation of the client.
PubMed ID
10894001 View in PubMed
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1147 records – page 1 of 115.