Skip header and navigation

Refine By

6 records – page 1 of 1.

A psychometric evaluation of the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ) in a Swedish sample.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature295312
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2017 Dec; 58(6):477-484
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Date
Dec-2017
Author
Beatrice Nystrom
Hans Bengtsson
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden.
Source
Scand J Psychol. 2017 Dec; 58(6):477-484
Date
Dec-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Keywords
Child
Child Behavior - physiology
Female
Humans
Male
Personality Assessment - standards
Psychometrics - standards
Reproducibility of Results
Sweden
Temperament - physiology
Abstract
Personality is generally considered to be biologically founded in temperament, and temperamental qualities have proven to be relatively stable across childhood and into adulthood (Caspi, Roberts & Shiner, ). Temperament predicts important developmental outcomes such as academic performance (Muris, ), and social functioning (Eisenberg, Fabes, Guthrie & Reiser, ), and it has also been found to be strongly related to the etiology and maintenance of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in children (Muris, Meesters & Blijlevens, ; Nigg, ). To allow for the possibility of making early interventions, identification of potential risk factors (such as temperamental dispositions) is of great importance (Rettew & McKee, ). As temperament is multidimensional and has many different manifestations, parents and teachers are valuable sources in providing information about children's temperament (Rothbart & Bates, ; Tackett, Slobodskaya, Mar et al., ), and caregiver questionnaires are frequently used in child personality research. However, such questionnaires are only useful if their reliability and validity have been established. The aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ; Simonds, Kieras, Rueda & Rothbart, ), which focuses specifically on the ages between 7 and 11 years. The TMCQ is the least validated of the Rothbart measures, and although reliability data have been presented, together with some validity data, for a computerized self-report version of the questionnaire (Simonds & Rothbart, ), information about the reliability and validity for the caregiver version is scant. In the present paper, we report such data for a Swedish sample.
PubMed ID
28983922 View in PubMed
Less detail

Psychometric evaluation of the Texas revised inventory of grief in a sample of bereaved family caregivers.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature298929
Source
Res Nurs Health. 2018 10; 41(5):480-488
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
10-2018
Author
Maja Holm
Anette Alvariza
Carl-Johan Fürst
Joakim Öhlen
Kristofer Årestedt
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing Sciences, Sophiahemmet University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
Res Nurs Health. 2018 10; 41(5):480-488
Date
10-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological
Caregivers - psychology
Female
Grief
Humans
Male
Psychological Tests - standards
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Abstract
The Texas Revised Inventory of Grief (TRIG) was developed to measure the intensity of grief after the death of a close person. It consists of two scales: TRIG I (past behaviors) and TRIG II (present feelings). Because of inconsistencies in previous validations, the instrument needs to be further validated, hence the aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the TRIG in a sample of bereaved family caregivers in Sweden. The TRIG was translated to Swedish according to standard principles, and 129 bereaved family caregivers completed the questionnaire. Parallel analysis was used to decide the number of factors to extract, followed by confirmatory factor analysis. An ordinal version of Cronbach's alpha was used to evaluate the internal consistency of the scales. Construct validity was tested against the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The factor analyses resulted in one factor being retained for both scales. The internal consistency was excellent (a?>?0.9) for both scales. Construct validity was supported by strong correlations between TRIG I and TRIG II as well as moderate correlations between the TRIG scales and HADS. In conclusion, the TRIG has sound psychometric qualities and the two scales should be treated as unidimensional measures of grief. Hence, the instrument is suited to be used in the context of palliative care.
PubMed ID
30311668 View in PubMed
Less detail

Psychometric evaluation of a Swedish version of the Shortened Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire (Shortened-DAQ).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature291884
Source
J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 Aug; 79:61-66
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Date
Aug-2017
Author
Lotfi Khemiri
Nitya Jayaram-Lindström
Anders Hammarberg
Author Affiliation
Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stockholm Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
Source
J Subst Abuse Treat. 2017 Aug; 79:61-66
Date
Aug-2017
Language
English
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Keywords
Alcohol Drinking
Alcoholism - drug therapy
Craving
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Surveys and Questionnaires
Sweden
Abstract
Craving is a clinically important feature of alcohol use disorders (AUD), representing a diagnostic criterion as well as a target for treatment. The Desire for Alcohol Questionnaire (DAQ) is a widely used scale to measure craving. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Shortened-DAQ.
The English DAQ was translated into Swedish and back translated to English. Individuals with a diagnosis of AUD (n=118) participated in a laboratory experiment comprising presentation of alcohol and non-alcohol cues, as well as consumption of an alcoholic drink, with the aim of exploring changes in the craving responses following pharmacological treatment for AUD. Subjective craving across the experimental conditions was recorded using Shortened-DAQ and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The psychometric analysis of the Shortened-DAQ investigated some important aspects of reliability, validity and the factor solution using principal components analysis.
Cronbach's alphas were above 0.8 across all sessions, the test-retest correlations were statistically significant. In the alcohol cue session the Shortened-DAQ total score was significantly greater compared to the non-alcohol cue session, and correlated significantly with the VAS craving item across all sessions. The principal component analysis resulted in two significant factors comprised of (1) Alcohol desire and reinforcement and (2) Ability to control drinking. No difference in psychometric properties between treatment and placebo groups were found.
In future clinical studies on alcohol craving responses in Swedish patients with AUD, we suggest the use of the Swedish Shortened-DAQ, due to its comparably swift administration and overall acceptable psychometric properties.
PubMed ID
28673529 View in PubMed
Less detail

Evaluation of a standardized protocol for thrombin generation using the calibrated automated thrombogram: A Nordic study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299706
Source
Haemophilia. 2019 Mar; 25(2):334-342
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Date
Mar-2019
Author
Marcus Ljungkvist
Karin Strandberg
Erik Berntorp
Roza Chaireti
Pål André Holme
Ole Halfdan Larsen
Riitta Lassila
Annukka Jouppila
Timea Szanto
Eva Zetterberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Translational Medicine & Centre for Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
Source
Haemophilia. 2019 Mar; 25(2):334-342
Date
Mar-2019
Language
English
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Keywords
Automation
Blood Coagulation
Blood Coagulation Tests - methods - standards
Calibration
Humans
Laboratories - standards
Norway
Plasma - chemistry
Reference Standards
Reproducibility of Results
Thrombin - metabolism
Abstract
The thrombin generation assay-calibrated automated thrombogram (TGA-CAT) method is used to measure the overall coagulation capacity in plasma. However, the method is still considered to be a research tool, mainly because of its' lack of standardization.
Our study aimed to further raise the standardization level for the TGA-CAT method by evaluating a detailed standardization protocol and three reference plasmas' (RP)s ability to normalize results.
Six Nordic centres participated in the study, and with input from all centres a detailed laboratory standardization protocol based on the TGA-CAT manual of the manufacturer was established. Three types of plasma, hypo-,normal and hypercoagulable plasma were assessed. Three commercial lyophilized RPs were used for normalization of data. All samples were aliquoted at the Malmö centre and sent frozen at -20°C to participating centres.
Before normalization, all results under all testing conditions showed inter-laboratory coefficient of variability of 10% or lower except for endogenous thrombin potential (12%) and peak (14%) in hypo-plasma with 1 pmol/L tissue factor as starting agent. Successful normalization, improving variability in results, was obtained with two of the three evaluated RPs (HemosIL RP and Affinity RP).
With our standardization concept, we were able to produce TGA-CAT results as robust as standard coagulation assays used in the routine laboratories. Normalization with HemosIL RP may be considered in populations with low or unknown coagulability, while when analysing plasma samples from populations where hypercoagulability is known or suspected, normalization with Affinity RP may be preferred.
PubMed ID
30715788 View in PubMed
Less detail

New alkylresorcinol metabolites in spot urine as biomarkers of whole grain wheat and rye intake in a Swedish middle-aged population.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature300517
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 10; 72(10):1439-1446
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
10-2018
Author
Rikard Landberg
Roksana Wierzbicka
Lin Shi
Sanna Nybacka
Afaf Kamal-Eldin
Bo Hedblad
Anna Karin Lindroos
Anna Winkvist
Heléne Bertéus Forslund
Author Affiliation
Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, SE-412 96, Sweden. Rikard.landberg@chalmers.se.
Source
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 10; 72(10):1439-1446
Date
10-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Biomarkers - urine
Diet
Dietary Fiber - administration & dosage
Feeding Behavior
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Reproducibility of Results
Resorcinols - urine
Secale
Sweden
Triticum
Whole Grains
Abstract
Studies on the health effects of whole grains typically use self-reported intakes which are prone to large measurement errors. Dietary biomarkers that can provide an objective measure of intake are needed. New alkylresorcinol (AR) metabolites (3,5-dihydroxycinnamic acid (DHCA), 2-(3,5-dihydroxybenzamido)acetic acid (DHBA-glycine) and 5-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl) pentanoic acid (DHPPTA)) in 24?h urine samples have been suggested as biomarkers for whole grain (WG) wheat and rye intake but remain to be evaluated in spot urine samples.
The reproducibility of the new AR metabolites (DHCA, DHBA-glycine and DHPPTA) was investigated in 4 repeated samples over a period of 2 wk in spot urine from 40 Swedish men and women enroled in the SCAPIS-study, after adjustment of creatinine. Metabolite concentrations were correlated with total whole grain intake estimated during the same period.
The medium-term reproducibility determined for DHCA, DHPPTA and DHBA-glycine varied from moderate to excellent (intra-class correlation coefficient?=?0.35-0.67). Moreover, DHCA and DHBA-glycine were independently associated with self-reported total WG intake (ß?=?0.18, P?=?0.08 and ß?=?0.18, P?=?0.02, respectively) and all metabolites except for DHPPA were higher among women.
This study supports the idea of using AR metabolites in one or several spot urine samples as biomarkers of whole grain intake. These findings need to be confirmed in different populations.
PubMed ID
29352219 View in PubMed
Less detail

Reliability of three linguistically and culturally validated pain assessment tools for sedated ICU patients by ICU nurses in Finland.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature299500
Source
Scand J Pain. 2018 04 25; 18(2):165-173
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Date
04-25-2018
Author
Sanna-Mari Pudas-Tähkä
Sanna Salanterä
Author Affiliation
Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, Lemminkäisenkatu 1, 20014 Turku, Finland.
Source
Scand J Pain. 2018 04 25; 18(2):165-173
Date
04-25-2018
Language
English
Publication Type
Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Conscious Sedation
Critical Care
Feasibility Studies
Female
Finland
Humans
Intensive Care Units
Male
Middle Aged
Nurse Specialists
Pain Measurement
Pain, Procedural - diagnosis
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Suction - adverse effects
Video Recording
Abstract
Pain assessment in intensive care is challenging, especially when the patients are sedated. Sedated patients who cannot communicate verbally are at risk of suffering from pain that remains unnoticed without careful pain assessment. Some tools have been developed for use with sedated patients. The Behavioral Pain Scale (BPS), the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) and the Nonverbal Adult Pain Assessment Scale (NVPS) have shown promising psychometric qualities. We translated and culturally adapted these three tools for the Finnish intensive care environment. The objective of this feasibility study was to test the reliability of the three pain assessment tools translated into Finnish for use with sedated intensive care patients.
Six sedated intensive care patients were videorecorded while they underwent two procedures: an endotracheal suctioning was the nociceptive procedure, and the non-nociceptive treatment was creaming of the feet. Eight experts assessed the patients' pain by observing video recordings. They assessed the pain using four instruments: the BPS, the CPOT and the NVPS, and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) served as a control instrument. Each expert assessed the patients' pain at five measurement points: (1) right before the procedure, (2) during the endotracheal suctioning, (3) during rest (4) during the creaming of the feet, and (5) after 20 min of rest. Internal consistency and inter-rater reliability of the tools were evaluated. After 6 months, the video recordings were evaluated for testing the test-retest reliability.
Using the BPS, the CPOT, the NVPS and the NRS, 960 assessments were obtained. Internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha coefficient varied greatly with all the instruments. The lowest values were seen at those measurement points where the pain scores were 0. The highest scores were achieved after the endotracheal suctioning at rest: for the BPS, the score was 0.86; for the CPOT, 0.96; and for the NVPS, 0.90. The inter-rater reliability using the Shrout-Fleiss intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) tests showed the best results after the painful procedure and during the creaming. The scores were slightly lower for the BPS compared to the CPOT and the NVPS. The test-retest results using the Bland-Altman plots show that all instruments gave similar results.
To our knowledge, this is the first time all three behavioral pain assessment tools have been evaluated in the same study in a language other than English or French. All three tools had good internal consistency, but it was better for the CPOT and the NVPS compared to the BPS. The inter-rater reliability was best for the NVPS. The test-retest reliability was strongest for the CPOT. The three tools proved to be reliable for further testing in clinical use.
There is a need for feasible, valid and reliable pain assessment tools for pain assessment of sedated ICU patients in Finland. This was the first time the psychometric properties of these tools were tested in Finnish use. Based on the results, all three instruments could be tested further in clinical use for sedated ICU patients in Finland.
PubMed ID
29794299 View in PubMed
Less detail

6 records – page 1 of 1.