Emotion regulation group therapy (ERGT) has shown promising results in several efficacy trials. However, it has not been evaluated outside a research setting. In order to increase the availability of empirically supported treatments for individuals with borderline personality disorder and deliberate self-harm, an evaluation of ERGT in routine clinical care was conducted with therapists of different professional backgrounds who had received brief intensive training in ERGT prior to trial onset.
Multi-site evaluation, using an uncontrolled open trial design with assessments at pretreatment, post-treatment and 6-month follow-up.
14 adult outpatient psychiatric clinics across Sweden.
Ninety-five women (mean age=25.1 years) with borderline personality disorder (both threshold and subthreshold) and repeated self-harm were enrolled in the study. Ninety-three per cent of participants completed the post-treatment assessment and 88% completed the follow-up assessment.
Primary outcome was self-harm frequency as measured with the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory. Secondary outcomes included self-harm versatility, emotion dysregulation, other self-destructive behaviours, depression, anxiety, stress symptoms and interpersonal and vocational difficulties.
ERGT is an adjunctive, 14-week, acceptance-based behavioural group treatment that directly targets both self-harm and its proposed underlying mechanism of emotion dysregulation.
At post-treatment, intent-to-treat analyses revealed a significant improvement associated with a moderate effect size on the primary outcome of self-harm frequency (51%, reduction; Cohen's d=0.52, p
Cites: Am J Psychiatry. 2008 Apr;165(4):468-78 PMID 18281407
Women living with HIV (WLWH) have elevated risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) related cancers.
To assess prevalence, distribution and concordance of cervical, oral, and anal HPV infection, and predictors of oral and anal HPV in WLWH in Denmark.
WLWH followed in the Study on HIV, cervical Abnormalities and infections in women in Denmark (SHADE) were enrolled and examined for cervical, oral, and anal HPV infection. Logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of anal and oral HPV.
A total of 214 of 334 WLWH had sufficient DNA for analysis at all three anatomical sites and were included in analyses. Cervical, oral, and anal high-risk (hr) HPV prevalence were 28.0%, 3.7% and 39.3%. Most frequent i) cervical, ii) oral and iii) anal hrHPV genotypes were i) hrHPV58 (8.4%), 52 (5.1%), 16 (5.1%) and 51 (5.1%); ii) 52 (1.4%) and iii) 51 (9.3%), 58 (8.9%), 16 (7.0%) and 18 (7.0%). Among present cervical, oral, and anal hrHPV genotypes, 6.7%, 12.5% and 17.9% were targeted by the 2-or 4-valent HPV vaccines, whereas 50.0%, 50.0% and 42.9% of hrHPV genotypes were covered by the 9-valent HPV vaccine. Anal HPV infection was predicted by cervical HPV infection (adjusted OR 4.47 (95%CI 2.25-8.89)).
Cervical and anal HPV infection were highly prevalent in WLWH. Non-16/18 hrHPV genotypes were predominant at all anatomical sites. Almost half of all hrHPV infections at the three anatomical sites could have been prevented by childhood/adolescent vaccination with the 9-valent HPV vaccine.