The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial factors influencing the intention to incorporate physical activity into daily routine. The subjects were 353 residents from New Brunswick aged 15 to 80 years. The intention to be active was explained by current physical activity habit (beta = 0.563, p
This pilot study proposes an index to quantify the intensity of high-risk anal sex and presents factors associated with this practice among 65 homosexual men with HIV infection. All of them answered a self-administered questionnaire. Using multiple logistic regression, we first compared those who had had safe sex in the past six months to those who had had unsafe sex. Variables significantly associated with unsafe sex are: drugs and/or alcohol use with sex, and less favorable attitude towards condom use. Finally, multiple linear regression analysis among respondents who had had unsafe sex indicated that the following factors are associated with higher levels of unsafe sex: men between the ages of 32 and 38, satisfied with their social life, non-smokers, with a less favorable attitude towards condom use, and with few social relationships. These results must be interpreted with caution because of the small number of respondents.
The purpose of this experimental study was to identify key factors influencing the intention of nurses (n = 102) to provide care at home to AIDS or leukaemia patients, homosexual or heterosexual. Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour with the addition of personal normative belief borrowed from Triandis's theory defined the theoretical framework. Homophobia and social desirability were also assessed as control variables. All nurses completed a self-administered and anonymous questionnaire after reading one of the four randomly-assigned vignettes that described the context of care. Sexual orientation of the patient influenced the personal normative belief (p
The main purpose of this study was to identify the psychosocial factors explaining a physician's decision to perform a clinical (physical) examination of an HIV seropositive patient. Eight hundred seventy-nine physicians completed a questionnaire investigating psychosocial variables derived from the theories of Ajzen and Triandis. The mean intention to perform a clinical examination was quite positive (5.4 on a 7-point scale). The regression of intention on all variables yielded an adjusted R2 of .499. Among few significant predictors, by far the most important was the perceived norm among fellow physicians regarding performance of the clinical examination. It is concluded that educational interventions aimed at the physician population should focus on the social role and personal efficacy of physicians regarding this type of clinical examination rather than giving information concerning the low risk of contracting the HIV.
The aim of this study was to understand the intention of dentists to provide dental care to HIV+/AIDS patients.
A representative sample of 791 dentists from the province of Quebec completed a questionnaire assessing their intention to provide dental care to individuals with HIV+/AIDS as well as their attitudes, perceived social norm, perceived behavioral control, perceived behavioral norm and personal normative belief regarding this behavior. Past experience with providing dental care (habit) to HIV+/AIDS patients, fear of AIDS and socio-demographic characteristics were also assessed.
Overall, dentists have a strong intention to provide dental care to HIV+/AIDS patients. Nevertheless, 25% of the respondents expressed a low intention to provide dental care to these patients. The main factors explaining 71% of the variance in intention were perceived behavioral control (beta=0.52, P
To know and understand the intention of young adults to use, during the Christmas and New Year's period, the community drive-home service after drinking alcohol, that is, to phone for oneself when they are the driver or when they are the passenger to suggest to a friend who is the driver to phone for the service. This study was conducted in the Province of Quebec, Canada, among a representative sample of 544 young adults aged 18 to 24 years. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by mail. Young adults showed a very good knowledge of the drive home service and had a very positive attitude toward its use. Among those who reported having experienced drinking too much alcohol during the Christmas and New Year's period, 17 percent had phoned when they were the driver and 36 percent had, when they were a passenger, suggested to a friend who was the driver to phone the community drive-home service. Nonetheless, more than half of them intended to use or to recommend its use to a friend in the future. Several factors identified in this study might be useful for increasing this drive-home service and therefore, contribute to lowering the risk of injury related to alcohol-impaired driving among young adults.
The aim of this study was to identify the factors explaining intention to seek medical care promptly if STD symptoms were suspected. A random sample of 1617 undergraduate students completed a questionnaire assessing intention, attitude, perceived norm among friends, perceived behavioral control, and risk of disease, along with different socio-demographic variables. The regression of intention on all variables yielded an adjusted R2 of 0.32 (P