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The changing suicide pattern in Canadian adolescents and youth, compared to their American counterparts.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature216633
Source
Adolescence. 1995;30(119):539-47
Publication Type
Article
Date
1995
Author
A A Leenaars
D. Lester
Author Affiliation
University of Leidon, The Netherlands.
Source
Adolescence. 1995;30(119):539-47
Date
1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Birth rate
Canada - epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Marital status
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Risk factors
Sex Distribution
Socioeconomic Factors
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Unemployment
United States - epidemiology
Abstract
Canada has a high rate of suicide among adolescents and youth--higher than the rate in the United States. The study of variation in societal suicide rates is still guided primarily by Durkheim's (1897) theory which proposed a primarily social integration/regulation theory of suicide. There is evidence that social and economic predictors of suicide vary depending upon the particular subgroup--women or men, and young or old. Rates of birth, divorce, marriage, and unemployment were analyzed and compared to rates of suicide from 1965-1985 in Canada and the United States for particular subgroups. In Canada, measures of domestic integration (divorce and birth rates) and the economy (unemployment rate) predicted youth suicide rates more successfully than they did adult suicide rates. In the United States for the same period, there was less variation in the predictors of suicide by age. Further research as well as caution about overgeneralizing the results are warranted.
PubMed ID
7484340 View in PubMed
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Correlates of suicide rates calculated in different ways: Denmark 1950-1985.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature68383
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1999 Aug;89(1):172
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1999
Author
D. Lester
Author Affiliation
Psychology Program, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Pomona 08240-0195,USA.
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1999 Aug;89(1):172
Date
Aug-1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Birth rate
Denmark - epidemiology
Divorce - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Marriage - statistics & numerical data
Regression Analysis
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The associations of divorce, marriage, and birth rates with suicide rates in Denmark from 1950-1985 were similar regardless of whether suicide rates were based on the total population or the population 15 years and older.
PubMed ID
10544411 View in PubMed
Less detail

The deterrent effect of the death penalty in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature220569
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1993 Aug;77(1):186
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-1993
Author
D. Lester
Author Affiliation
Psychology Program, Richard Stockton State College, Pomona, NJ 08240-9988.
Source
Percept Mot Skills. 1993 Aug;77(1):186
Date
Aug-1993
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Capital Punishment
Female
Homicide
Humans
Male
Regression Analysis
PubMed ID
8367237 View in PubMed
Less detail

Domestic integration and suicide in the provinces of Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature201245
Source
Crisis. 1999;20(2):59-63
Publication Type
Article
Date
1999
Author
A A Leenaars
D. Lester
Author Affiliation
Leiden University, The Netherlands.
Source
Crisis. 1999;20(2):59-63
Date
1999
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Birth rate
Canada - epidemiology
Divorce - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Marriage - statistics & numerical data
Regression Analysis
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Canada's rate of suicide varies from province to province. The classical theory of suicide, which attempts to explain the social suicide rate, stems from Durkheim, who argued that low levels of social integration and regulation are associated with high rates of suicide. The present study explored whether social factors (divorce, marriage, and birth rates) do in fact predict suicide rates over time for each province (period studied: 1950-1990). The results showed a positive association between divorce rates and suicide rates, and a negative association between birth rates and suicide rates. Marriage rates showed no consistent association, an anomaly as compared to research from other nations.
PubMed ID
10434469 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Med Sci Law. 2000 Jul;40(3):241-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jul-2000
Author
D. Lester
S V Kondrichin
Author Affiliation
Center for the Study of Suicide, Blackwood, New Jersey 08012-5356, USA.
Source
Med Sci Law. 2000 Jul;40(3):241-4
Date
Jul-2000
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Homicide - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Regression Analysis
Russia
Social Change
Socioeconomic Factors
United States
Abstract
Ecological studies of regional suicide rates in Russian oblasts and krais and American states revealed that the clustering of social indicators and the social correlates of regional homicide rates were different in the two nations. However, indices of social distress (unemployment and illegitimate births) predicted homicide rates in both nations. The study pointed out the importance of replicating research in several nations in order to explore the generality of research findings and theories.
PubMed ID
10976187 View in PubMed
Less detail
Source
Psychol Rep. 1995 Feb;76(1):122
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-1995
Author
D. Lester
Author Affiliation
Center for the Study of Suicide, Blackwood, NJ 08012, USA.
Source
Psychol Rep. 1995 Feb;76(1):122
Date
Feb-1995
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Quebec - epidemiology
Regression Analysis
Risk factors
Social Problems - trends
Suicide - trends
Abstract
Data from Fortier, et al. (1989) were reanalysed using multiple regression. While birth and divorce rates were significantly associated with both male and female suicide rates, unemployment rates and cirrhosis death rates were associated only with male suicide rates.
PubMed ID
7770553 View in PubMed
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Use of age-adjusted suicide rates in time series studies in Canada.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature207396
Source
Psychol Rep. 1997 Oct;81(2):490
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1997
Author
D. Lester
Author Affiliation
Psychology Program, Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Pomona 08240-0195, USA.
Source
Psychol Rep. 1997 Oct;81(2):490
Date
Oct-1997
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Canada - epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Suicide - statistics & numerical data
PubMed ID
9354099 View in PubMed
Less detail

8 records – page 1 of 1.