Achievements of Siberian cardiologists in the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of arterial hypertension and coronary heart disease are described with reference to specific conditions of Siberia and the Far East. Research priorities, such as problems of combined prophylaxis and the development of new methods for preventive check-ups of the population in Siberia are discussed.
A 30-month retrospective review was performed of all trauma patients initially evaluated and operatively stabilized at Level III hospitals, with subsequent specialized air transport within 48 hours of injury to the regional Level I trauma center in Seattle. Nineteen patients were identified, with a mean ISS of 44 (range, 20-66). Mean transport time and distance were 2.4 hours and 456 miles, respectively. The estimated average ground transport time for the same patients was 23.8 hours. No deaths occurred during transport, and the overall survival rate was 58%. Transport charges averaged $4,162, which was 14% of the complete hospitalization cost. We conclude that: 1) patient survival after air transport was no different than that predicted for trauma victims with immediate access to a trauma center; 2) postoperative hemodynamic instability predicted a poor outcome; 3) the higher cost of air relative to ground transport is outweighed by significant time savings in these critically injured patients; and 4) air transport following operative stabilization represents an extension of regionalized trauma care to the isolated areas of Washington and Alaska.
The purpose of Health Technology Assessment (HTA) is to make the best possible summary of the evidence regarding specific health interventions in order to influence health care and policy decisions. The need for decision makers to find relevant HTA data when it is needed is a barrier to its usefulness. These barriers are highest in rural areas and amongst isolated practitioners.
A multidisciplinary team developed an interactive case-based instructional strategy on the topic of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) management using clinical evidence derived by HTA. The evidence for each of 18 CNCP interventions was distilled into single-sheet summaries. Clinicians and HTA specialists ('Ambassadors') conducted 11 two-hour interactive sessions on CNCP in eight of Alberta's nine health regions. Pre- and post-session evaluations were conducted.
The sessions were attended by 130 individuals representing 14 health and administrative disciplines. The ambassador model was well received. The use of content experts as ambassadors was highly rated. The educational strategy was judged to be effective. Awareness of the best evidence in CNCP management was increased. Although some participants reported practice changes as a result of the workshops, the program was not designed to measure changes in patient outcome.
The ambassador program was successful in increasing awareness of the best evidence in CNCP management, and positively influenced treatment decisions. Its teaching methods were felt to be unique and innovative by participants. Its methods could be applied to other clinical content areas in order to increase the uptake of the results of HTA.
Cites: J Contin Educ Health Prof. 2002 Fall;22(4):214-2112613056
Cites: J Health Soc Policy. 2002;15(3-4):23-3712705462
Genetic counselling and related services are generally provided at major university medical centres because they are very specialized. The need for rurally based genetic services prompted the inclusion of an outreached program in the Alberta Hereditary Diseases Program (AHDP), which was established in 1979; the AHDP was designed to provide services to the entire province through two regional centres and seven outreach clinics. There is a community health nurse in almost every health unit whose duties are either totally or partially devoted to the AHDP; thus, genetic help and information are as close as a rural health unit. The AHDP is designed to provide complete clinical (diagnostic, counselling and some management) services and laboratory (cytogenetic, biochemical and molecular) services for genetic disorders. In addition, the program emphasizes education and publishes a quarterly bulletin, which is sent free of charge to all physicians, hospitals, public health units, social service units, major radio and television stations, newspapers and public libraries and to selected individuals and groups in Alberta.
Cites: N Y State J Med. 1979 Feb;79(2):199-203107498
Cites: Science. 1978 May 26;200(4344):946-52644337
Cites: Lancet. 1964 Aug 1;2(7353):230-214163150
Cites: Can Med Assoc J. 1974 Nov 16;111(10):1147-50, 11534429943
Cites: Am J Hum Genet. 1975 May;27(3):322-32803014
Cites: Am J Public Health. 1976 Mar;66(3):268-721259063