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258 records – page 1 of 26.

[About the augmentation of role of prophylaxis of chronic tonsillitis's storm at duty servicemen].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature159690
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2007 Sep;328(9):26-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2007

Absence of protective effect of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors on atrial fibrillation development: insights from the Canadian Trial of Atrial Fibrillation (CTAF).

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature155217
Source
Can J Cardiol. 2008 Sep;24(9):709-13
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2008
Author
Maryse Palardy
Anique Ducharme
Stanley Nattel
Jean-Claude Tardif
Michel White
Normand Racine
Karine Tétreault
Farida Dabouz
Mario Talajic
Denis Roy
Author Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Montreal Heart Institute, Montreal, Canada.
Source
Can J Cardiol. 2008 Sep;24(9):709-13
Date
Sep-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Amiodarone - therapeutic use
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents - therapeutic use
Atrial Fibrillation - drug therapy
Canada
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Propafenone - therapeutic use
Prospective Studies
Recurrence - prevention & control
Renin - antagonists & inhibitors
Renin-Angiotensin System - drug effects
Sotalol - therapeutic use
Abstract
Antiarrhythmic agents have modest efficacy in preventing atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence. Although retrospective analyses have suggested a preventive effect of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) on AF development in patients with congestive heart failure or hypertension, the value of these agents has not been evaluated in patients with AF but without a high prevalence of hypertension or heart failure.
A retrospective analysis of the Canadian Trial of Atrial Fibrillation (CTAF) was conducted. CTAF demonstrated the superiority of amiodarone (A) over sotalol or propafenone (SP) in maintaining sinus rhythm in patients with AF. Of the 403 patients randomly assigned in CTAF, 11.7% of the A group and 12.7% of the SP group were receiving a RAS inhibitor at baseline. By multivariate analysis (including all the risk factors known to be associated with AF available in the database), the use of RAS blockers in addition to antiarrhythmic agents was not associated with additional benefit against AF development. There was a recurrence of AF in 59 patients (38.3%) and 14 patients (29.8%) of groups A and A-RAS, respectively, while 93 patients (61.6%) and 32 patients (62.8%) of the SP and SP-RAS groups, respectively, experienced recurrent AF.
Blocking the RAS did not provide additional benefit against AF recurrence in CTAF patients treated with an antiarrhythmic drug. These results underscore the need for randomized clinical trials to clearly define the role of RAS inhibitors in treating AF.
Notes
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PubMed ID
18787722 View in PubMed
Less detail

Accuracy of actuarial procedures for assessment of sexual offender recidivism risk may vary across ethnicity.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature30268
Source
Sex Abuse. 2004 Apr;16(2):107-20
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-2004
Author
Niklas Långström
Author Affiliation
Centre for Violence Prevention, Karolinska Institutet, P.O. Box 23000, S-104 35 Stockholm, Sweden. niklas.langstrom@cns.ki.se
Source
Sex Abuse. 2004 Apr;16(2):107-20
Date
Apr-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Actuarial Analysis
Adult
Africa - ethnology
Analysis of Variance
Asia - ethnology
Child
Child Abuse, Sexual - ethnology - statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Europe - ethnology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Predictive value of tests
Questionnaires - standards
Recurrence - prevention & control
Reproducibility of Results
Research Design
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Sex Offenses - ethnology - statistics & numerical data
Sexual Behavior - ethnology - statistics & numerical data
Sweden - epidemiology
Abstract
Little is known about whether the accuracy of tools for assessment of sexual offender recidivism risk holds across ethnic minority offenders. I investigated the predictive validity across ethnicity for the RRASOR and the Static-99 actuarial risk assessment procedures in a national cohort of all adult male sex offenders released from prison in Sweden 1993-1997. Subjects ordered out of Sweden upon release from prison were excluded and remaining subjects (N = 1303) divided into three subgroups based on citizenship. Eighty-three percent of the subjects were of Nordic ethnicity, and non-Nordic citizens were either of non-Nordic European (n = 49, hereafter called European) or African Asian descent (n = 128). The two tools were equally accurate among Nordic and European sexual offenders for the prediction of any sexual and any violent nonsexual recidivism. In contrast, neither measure could differentiate African Asian sexual or violent recidivists from nonrecidivists. Compared to European offenders, AfricanAsian offenders had more often sexually victimized a nonrelative or stranger, had higher Static-99 scores, were younger, more often single, and more often homeless. The results require replication, but suggest that the promising predictive validity seen with some risk assessment tools may not generalize across offender ethnicity or migration status. More speculatively, different risk factors or causal chains might be involved in the development or persistence of offending among minority or immigrant sexual abusers.
PubMed ID
15208896 View in PubMed
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Acupuncture in the prophylaxis of recurrent lower urinary tract infection in adult women.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature205512
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1998 Mar;16(1):37-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-1998
Author
A. Aune
T. Alraek
H. LiHua
A. Baerheim
Author Affiliation
Bryggen Medisinske Senter, University of Bergen, Norway.
Source
Scand J Prim Health Care. 1998 Mar;16(1):37-9
Date
Mar-1998
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acupuncture Therapy
Adult
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Norway
Recurrence - prevention & control
Single-Blind Method
Urinary Tract Infections - prevention & control
Abstract
To evaluate the effect of acupuncture in the prevention of recurrent lower urinary tract infection (UTI) in adult women.
A controlled clinical trial with three arms: an acupuncture group, a sham-acupuncture group, and an untreated control group. Patients were followed for 6 months.
An acupuncture clinic in Bergen, Norway.
Sixty-seven adult women with a history of recurrent lower UTI.
Acute lower UTIs during the 6-month observation period.
Eighty-five percent were free of lower UTI during the 6-month observation period in the acupuncture group, compared with 58% in the sham group (p
PubMed ID
9612877 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adapted Couple Therapy (ACT) for pathological gamblers: a promising avenue.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature156657
Source
J Gambl Stud. 2008 Sep;24(3):393-409
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2008
Author
Karine Bertrand
Magali Dufour
John Wright
Benoît Lasnier
Author Affiliation
Département des Sciences de santé Communautaire, Service de Toxicomanie, Université de Sherbrooke, Campus de Longueuil, 1111, rue St-Charles Ouest, Tour Ouest, Bureau 500, Longueuil, QC, Canada J4K 5G4. karine.bertrand@usherbrooke.ca
Source
J Gambl Stud. 2008 Sep;24(3):393-409
Date
Sep-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Behavior Therapy - organization & administration
Behavior, Addictive - prevention & control - therapy
Counseling - organization & administration
Couples Therapy - organization & administration
Female
Gambling - psychology
Humans
Male
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Play Therapy - organization & administration
Program Evaluation
Quebec
Recurrence - prevention & control
Spouses
Abstract
The study of the effectiveness of treatment for pathological gambling constitutes a field that is still largely unexplored. To date, the models assessed primarily target the individual and include little or no involvement of the family circle. Yet, the deleterious effects of gambling on loved ones and especially spouses are well recognized. Further, the addition of a couple modality to individual treatment has been shown to be effective on many levels in the treatment of substances use disorders. This article therefore proposes a critical review of (1) the literature providing a better understanding of the complex interactions between the couple relationship and pathological gambling, (2) studies on the effects of couple therapies on gamblers and their partners. We then present the therapeutic model developed by our team of clinician-researchers in collaboration with actors from Québec clinical settings: Adapted Couple Therapy (ACT) for pathological gamblers. In the Québec context, this model will serve as a complement to an individual cognitive-behavioral treatment model that has been proven effective and is employed throughout the Canadian province. The assessment of couple therapies could reveal avenues of solutions to better assist pathological gamblers who tend to drop-out of treatment and relapse.
PubMed ID
18560999 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescent suicide attempters: what predicts future suicidal acts?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature79019
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2006 Dec;36(6):638-50
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2006
Author
Groholt Berit
Ekeberg Øivind
Haldorsen Tor
Author Affiliation
Sogn Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Oslo, Norway. berit.groholt@medisin.uio.no
Source
Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2006 Dec;36(6):638-50
Date
Dec-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Comorbidity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Father-Child Relations
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - psychology
Norway
Recurrence - prevention & control
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Statistics
Suicide - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Suicide, Attempted - prevention & control - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
Predictors for repetition of suicide attempts were evaluated among 92 adolescent suicide attempters 9 years after an index suicide attempt (90% females). Five were dead, two by suicide. Thirty-one (42%) of 73 had repeated a suicide attempt. In multiple Cox regression analysis, four factors had an independent predictive effect: comorbid disorders, hopelessness, having ever received treatment for mental or behavior problems, and having a father exerting control without affection. Prediction on an individual level was difficult. Since almost half repeated a suicidal act, the best strategy is to evaluate all adolescent suicide attempters thoroughly and provide treatment as needed.
PubMed ID
17250468 View in PubMed
Less detail

Adolescents with fluctuating symptoms of eating disorders: a 1-year prospective study.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature157017
Source
J Adv Nurs. 2008 Jun;62(6):674-80
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2008
Author
Lea Hautala
Jouni Junnila
Hans Helenius
Aija-Mari Väänänen
Pirjo-Riitta Liuksila
Hannele Räihä
Maritta Välimäki
Simo Saarijärvi
Author Affiliation
Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Turku, and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinic, Turku University Hospital, Finland. leahau@utu.fi
Source
J Adv Nurs. 2008 Jun;62(6):674-80
Date
Jun-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Anxiety Disorders - epidemiology - metabolism - psychology
Body Image
Disease Progression
Eating Disorders - epidemiology - metabolism - psychology
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Finland - epidemiology
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Recurrence - prevention & control
Abstract
This paper is a report of a study to investigate the stability of self-reported eating disorder symptoms, factors associated with them and the predictors of their recurrence.
In western cultures, eating-related problems during adolescence are common but usually temporary. However, in approximately 10% of cases disordered eating is sustained, increasing the risk of a full-blown eating disorder. To distinguish adolescents with temporary eating problems from those whose problems are likely to continue, healthcare providers need to understand the progress of disordered eating and the features of high-risk adolescents.
The two-stage prospective survey was conducted with a school-based sample of adolescents aged 15-17 years. At baseline, in 2003-2004, the SCOFF ('Sick', 'Control', 'One', 'Fat' and 'Food') questionnaire was administered to students in the 9th year of schooling in Finland. Follow-up assessment took place 1 year later, and 372 students provided data at both assessments. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate which factors predict the recurrence of eating disorder symptoms, defined as the occurrence of eating disorder symptoms at both assessments.
Five per cent of the students reported eating disorder symptoms at both assessments. Typically, they had multiple psychological problems and health complaints. Anxiety perceived earlier in adolescence resulted in an estimated odds ratio of the logistic model of 20 for the recurrence of eating disorder symptoms.
Earlier anxiety rather than dissatisfaction with appearance had a statistically significant effect on the progress of eating problems. Longitudinal research is needed to confirm the results. Until further knowledge is available, nurses should follow-up all adolescents with disordered eating to identify a possible need for intervention.
PubMed ID
18503651 View in PubMed
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[Alternative approach to recurrent frontal sinusitis treatment].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature187623
Source
Voen Med Zh. 2002 Sep;323(9):44-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Sep-2002

Analysis of pravastatin to prevent recurrence of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature53383
Source
Am J Cardiol. 2004 Mar 15;93(6):780-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-15-2004
Author
Arnljot Tveit
Morten Grundtvig
Torstein Gundersen
Paul Vanberg
Anne Grete Semb
Even Holt
Lars Gullestad
Author Affiliation
Department of Internal Medicine, Asker & Baerum Hospital, Rud, Norway. arnljot.tveit@broadpark.no
Source
Am J Cardiol. 2004 Mar 15;93(6):780-2
Date
Mar-15-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Atrial Fibrillation - prevention & control - therapy
Drug Administration Schedule
Electric Countershock
Female
Humans
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors - administration & dosage - therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Norway
Pravastatin - administration & dosage - therapeutic use
Recurrence - prevention & control
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
To test the hypothesis that a statin could reduce the recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion (EC), we performed an open, controlled multicenter study. Patients (n = 114) who had atrial fibrillation >48 hours and who were scheduled for EC were randomized to receive 40 mg of pravastatin once daily for 3 weeks before and 6 weeks after EC or no drug in addition to standard therapy. Pravastatin did not reduce the recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation after EC.
PubMed ID
15019894 View in PubMed
Less detail

'An empty and happy feeling in the bladder.. .': health changes experienced by women after acupuncture for recurrent cystitis.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature71596
Source
Complement Ther Med. 2001 Dec;9(4):219-23
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2001
Author
T. Alraek
A. Baerheim
Author Affiliation
Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Norway. terje.alrek@isf.uib.no
Source
Complement Ther Med. 2001 Dec;9(4):219-23
Date
Dec-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Acupuncture Therapy
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Cystitis - prevention & control
Defecation
Female
Health status
Humans
Middle Aged
Recurrence - prevention & control
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sleep
Urination
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore changes in health as reported by cystitis-prone females after having received prophylactic acupuncture treatment for recurrent cystitis. DESIGN: A qualitative study based on written free text answers on the women's own experience of changes related to health after completion of TCM acupuncture treatment. Data were analyzed using Giorgi's phenomenological approach. SETTING: Subjects living in the Bergen area, Norway, were recruited by advertisement in local newspapers and included provided they had had three or more episodes of lower UTI during the previous 12 months. RESULTS: The main topics reported were related to improved pressure during micturition and more complete bladder emptying; more normal bowel movement and less abdominal discomfort; more energy, reduced stress level, and better sleep. Only a few reported feeling worse. CONCLUSION: The symptoms described as relieved by the women in our study seem to fit TCM theory for diagnoses of their vulnerability to cystitis. Qualitative methods have a role in TCM research that may enrich our knowledge in other ways than traditional quantitative methods may.
PubMed ID
12184349 View in PubMed
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258 records – page 1 of 26.