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Demographic and situational factors affecting injury, resistance, completion, and charges brought in sexual assault cases: what is best for arrest?

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature176071
Source
Violence Vict. 2004 Aug;19(4):479-94
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-2004
Author
Hannah S Scott
Rebecca Beaman
Author Affiliation
Faculty of Social Science, University of Ontario, Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. Hannah.scott@uoit.ca
Source
Violence Vict. 2004 Aug;19(4):479-94
Date
Aug-2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Alcoholic Intoxication - complications
Crime Victims - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Male
Medical Records - statistics & numerical data
Ontario
Patient Acceptance of Health Care - statistics & numerical data
Questionnaires
Rape - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract
This study examines demographic and situational factors in an effort to predict whether or not a complainant was injured, used resistance, experienced a completed assault, and whether charges were brought against the offender. If the accused had consumed alcohol or drugs, he was almost seven times more likely to be arrested. The complainant was six times more likely to report rape completion if she had consumed alcohol or drugs and if the complainant fell unconscious at any time during the attack she was significantly less likely to use a resistance strategy. The complainant's use of a compliance strategy at any time during the assault positively predicted not using a physical resistance strategy and sexual assault completion. The reporting of injury positively predicted use a physical resistance strategy and sexual assault completion. If the assault was completed, it was less likely that charges were pressed. Implications of these findings are discussed, and directions for future research are offered.
PubMed ID
15726940 View in PubMed
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High-risk sexual offenders: an examination of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, psychopathy, and offence characteristics.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature116462
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2013 Mar-Apr;36(2):144-56
Publication Type
Article
Author
Michael Woodworth
Tabatha Freimuth
Erin L Hutton
Tara Carpenter
Ava D Agar
Matt Logan
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Canada. michael.woodworth@ubc.ca
Source
Int J Law Psychiatry. 2013 Mar-Apr;36(2):144-56
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aged
Antisocial Personality Disorder - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Canada
Cross-Sectional Studies
Fantasy
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Paraphilias - diagnosis - epidemiology - psychology
Pedophilia - diagnosis - psychology
Rape - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Sadism - diagnosis - psychology
Sex Offenses - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Sexual Behavior - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Young Adult
Abstract
High-risk sexual offenders are a complex and heterogeneous group of offenders about whom researchers, clinicians, and law enforcement agencies still know relatively little. In response to the paucity of information that is specifically applicable to high-risk offenders, the present study investigated the potential influence of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, and psychopathy on the offending behaviour of 139 of the highest risk sexual offenders in one province of Canada. The sample included 41 child molesters, 42 rapists, 18 rapist/molesters, 30 mixed offenders, and 6 "other" sexual offenders. Two offenders could not be categorized by type due to insufficient file information. Data analyses revealed significant differences between offender types for a number of criminal history variables including past sexual and nonsexual convictions, number of victims, weapon use, and age of offending onset. Further, there were significant differences between offender types for sexual fantasy themes, paraphilia diagnoses, and levels of psychopathy. For example, results revealed that offenders' sexual fantasies were significantly more likely to correspond with the specific type of index sexual offence that they had committed. Further, offenders scoring high in psychopathy were significantly more likely to have a sadistic paraphilia than offenders with either low or moderate psychopathy scores. Results from the current study provide a refined and informed understanding of sexual offending behaviour with important implications for future research, assessment, and treatment, as well as law enforcement practices when working with high-risk sexual offenders.
PubMed ID
23395507 View in PubMed
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Juvenile and adult problems in 20 forensic psychiatric rapists in Sweden.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature182721
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2003;57(6):429-35
Publication Type
Article
Date
2003
Author
Judit Lindqvist
Anna M Dåderman
Ake Hellström
Lars Lidberg
Author Affiliation
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden. just@psychology.su.se.
Source
Nord J Psychiatry. 2003;57(6):429-35
Date
2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Adult
Aggression - psychology
Alcoholism - epidemiology - psychology - rehabilitation
Commitment of Mentally Ill - legislation & jurisprudence
Comorbidity
Conduct Disorder - epidemiology - psychology - rehabilitation
Crime - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
Humans
Insanity Defense
Juvenile Delinquency - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - rehabilitation - statistics & numerical data
Male
Mental Disorders - epidemiology - psychology - rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Rape - legislation & jurisprudence - psychology - statistics & numerical data
Risk factors
Sweden
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to assess the pattern of background variables of 20 convicted rapists. The sample comprised two distinct forensic psychiatric subgroups undergoing different treatments. Data were extracted from forensic psychiatric files. The study variables were juvenile and adult problems of the offenders, related by previous research to the occurrence of rape. Records of juvenile problems and juvenile psychological disturbances tended to co-occur with adult problems of aggressiveness, alcoholism and extensive criminality. The correlation analysis further supports the notion that psychosocial disturbances have a persistent character: in our sample, different problems in young age are linked to each other as well as to adulthood problems. The results are discussed in the light of empirical research and the need for early and proper individual treatment programmes.
PubMed ID
14630548 View in PubMed
Less detail