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Allergen-specific Th1 cells counteract efferent Th2 cell-dependent bronchial hyperresponsiveness and eosinophilic inflammation partly via IFN-gamma.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature15527
Source
J Immunol. 2001 Jan 1;166(1):207-17
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-1-2001
Author
T J Huang
P A MacAry
P. Eynott
A. Moussavi
K C Daniel
P W Askenase
D M Kemeny
K F Chung
Author Affiliation
Thoracic Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
Source
J Immunol. 2001 Jan 1;166(1):207-17
Date
Jan-1-2001
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Administration, Inhalation
Adoptive Transfer
Allergens - administration & dosage - immunology
Animals
Antibodies, Monoclonal - administration & dosage
Bronchial Hyperreactivity - immunology - pathology - prevention & control
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid - immunology
Cell Line
Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte - administration & dosage - immunology
Inflammation - immunology - pathology - prevention & control
Injections, Intravenous
Interferon Type II - immunology - physiology
Interleukin-4 - antagonists & inhibitors - genetics
Lung - cytology - immunology
Male
Ovalbumin - administration & dosage - immunology
Pulmonary Eosinophilia - immunology - pathology - prevention & control
RNA, Messenger - antagonists & inhibitors
Rats
Rats, Inbred BN
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Th1 Cells - immunology - transplantation
Th2 Cells - immunology - transplantation
Abstract
Th2 T cell immune-driven inflammation plays an important role in allergic asthma. We studied the effect of counterbalancing Th1 T cells in an asthma model in Brown Norway rats that favors Th2 responses. Rats received i.v. transfers of syngeneic allergen-specific Th1 or Th2 cells, 24 h before aerosol exposure to allergen, and were studied 18-24 h later. Adoptive transfer of OVA-specific Th2 cells, but not Th1 cells, and OVA, but not BSA exposure, induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to acetylcholine and eosinophilia in a cell number-dependent manner. Importantly, cotransfer of OVA-specific Th1 cells dose-dependently reversed BHR and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) eosinophilia, but not mucosal eosinophilia. OVA-specific Th1 cells transferred alone induced mucosal eosinophilia, but neither BHR nor BAL eosinophilia. Th1 suppression of BHR and BAL eosinophilia was allergen specific, since cotransfer of BSA-specific Th1 cells with the OVA-specific Th2 cells was not inhibitory when OVA aerosol alone was used, but was suppressive with OVA and BSA challenge. Furthermore, recipients of Th1 cells alone had increased gene expression for IFN-gamma in the lungs, while those receiving Th2 cells alone showed increased IL-4 mRNA. Importantly, induction of these Th2 cytokines was inhibited in recipients of combined Th1 and Th2 cells. Anti-IFN-gamma treatment attenuated the down-regulatory effect of Th1 cells. Allergen-specific Th1 cells down-regulate efferent Th2 cytokine-dependent BHR and BAL eosinophilia in an asthma model via mechanisms that depend on IFN-gamma. Therapy designed to control the efferent phase of established asthma by augmenting down-regulatory Th1 counterbalancing mechanisms should be effective.
PubMed ID
11123294 View in PubMed
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Alpha v beta 6 integrin down-regulates the MMP-13 expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells.

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature16883
Source
Exp Cell Res. 2005 Oct 1;309(2):273-83
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-1-2005
Author
M. Ylipalosaari
G J Thomas
M. Nystrom
S. Salhimi
J F Marshall
V. Huotari
T. Tervahartiala
T. Sorsa
T. Salo
Author Affiliation
Department of Diagnostics and Oral Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, PO Box 5281, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland.
Source
Exp Cell Res. 2005 Oct 1;309(2):273-83
Date
Oct-1-2005
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antigens, Neoplasm - physiology
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell - enzymology
Cell Line, Tumor
Collagen Type I - antagonists & inhibitors - metabolism
Collagenases - antagonists & inhibitors - biosynthesis - genetics
Down-Regulation - physiology
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic - physiology
Humans
Integrins - physiology
Interstitial Collagenase - antagonists & inhibitors - biosynthesis - genetics
Membrane Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors - biosynthesis - genetics
Mouth Neoplasms - enzymology - metabolism
Neutrophil Collagenase - antagonists & inhibitors - biosynthesis - genetics
RNA, Messenger - antagonists & inhibitors - metabolism
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
The integrin alphavbeta6, a receptor for fibronectin, vitronectin, tenascin and TGF-beta latency-associated peptide (LAP), is not detectable on normal oral epithelium but is neo-expressed in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) and epithelial dysplasia. Previously it has been shown that alphavbeta6 integrin can up-regulate MMP-3 and -9 expression in OSCC cells. Using beta6-transfected and control OSCC cells we demonstrate that alphavbeta6 integrin down-regulates MMP-13 expression at both mRNA and protein level. Although expressing less MMP-13, beta6-transfected cells were found to have similar collagenolytic activity as control cells and invade at similar levels through type I collagen. Growth of the tumour cells in organotypic culture and confocal microscopy confirmed low levels of MMP-13 in cells with high alphavbeta6 expression. Furthermore, human squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue with high expression of alphavbeta6 showed lower MMP-13 levels than carcinomas with low levels of alphavbeta6. Our results suggest that alphavbeta6 down-regulates MMP-13 expression in OSCC cells and that MMP-13 is not essential for the degradation of type I collagen by OSCC cells.
PubMed ID
16024014 View in PubMed
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