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[20 years emergency surgery of abdominal organs in Moscow].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature104248
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2014;(5):7-16
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
A S Ermolov
A N Smoliar
I A Shliakhovskii
M G Khramenkov
Source
Khirurgiia (Mosk). 2014;(5):7-16
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Abdomen, Acute - classification - epidemiology - surgery
Anniversaries and Special Events
Emergency Medical Services - statistics & numerical data
Humans
Intensive Care - methods - organization & administration
Moscow - epidemiology
Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care) - statistics & numerical data
Quality Improvement - statistics & numerical data - trends
Surgery Department, Hospital - statistics & numerical data
Abstract
The analysis of emergency surgical care in medical institution of Moscow for the last 20 years is presented in the article. There were 912 156 patients with acute appendicitis, strangulated hernia, perforated gastro-duodenal ulcer, gastro-duodenal bleeding, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, acute intestinal obstruction on treatment during this period. It was observed reduction overall and postoperative mortality. It was concluded that positive results are caused by development of material and technical base, transition on clock mode of diagnostic units, increase of patients? number hospitalized in department of intensive care for operation training and after it, using of modern diagnostic and therapeutic methods, edit documents regulating of health facilities activity according to medicine development.
PubMed ID
24874218 View in PubMed
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[Optimization of prophylaxis of hypercoagulation complications in oncological surgery].

https://arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature263274
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 2014;173(5):12-5
Publication Type
Article
Date
2014
Author
A M Karsanov
S S Maskin
A A Kul'chiev
F D Karsanova
T R Karaev
G K Mil'dzikhov
Source
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 2014;173(5):12-5
Date
2014
Language
Russian
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Aged
Anticoagulants - therapeutic use
Case-Control Studies
Chemoprevention - methods - trends
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasms - surgery
Organizational Innovation
Postoperative Complications - epidemiology - prevention & control
Preventive Health Services - methods - organization & administration
Quality Improvement - statistics & numerical data - trends
Retrospective Studies
Risk assessment
Risk factors
Russia - epidemiology
Surgical Procedures, Operative - adverse effects
Venous Thromboembolism - epidemiology - etiology - prevention & control
Abstract
The authors investigate the results of prophylaxis of venous thromboembolic complications (VTC) during 24 years in onco- logical surgery. The multicentric study shows that common frequency of occurrence of such VTC was reduced due to period of routine prophylaxis of VTC to 3.4%. The strategy of active revision and escalation of preventive measures in the third period of study in comparison with the second period resulted in the decrease of VTC. Patients with moderate risk degree had the results from 3.2% to 1%, patients with high risk degree moved from 4.1% to 13%. The fatal thromboembolism of the lung artery was 0.1%.
PubMed ID
25823328 View in PubMed
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